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Evidence of Peer-to-Peer Education/Training

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Evidence of Peer-to-Peer Education/Training
Steven A. Camarota
[email protected]
Center for Immigration Studies
Washington, D.C.
www.cis.org
Center for Immigration Studies
Number & percent of US population
45
40
35
41.3 Immigrant population
Illegal Immigrants
11.5 million in 2013
8.5 million in 2000
3.5 million 1990
–Doubled since 1990
31.1
–Nearly tripled since 1980
Millions
30
–Quadrupled since 1970
25
19.8
20
15
9.6
14.1
13.1%
11.1%
10
7.9%
5
4.7%
6.2%
0
1970
1980
1990
2000
2013
Source: Decennial Census and 2013 American
Community Survey, DHS, Pew Hispanic Center.
Immigration Impacts
–Population size
–Composition/culture
–Labor market/economy
–Public coffers
–Politics
–2

Legal permanent (“green card”) over 1 million annually
 66% family sponsored •16% employment-based
 13% refugees and asylees • 5% lottery

Long-term temporary, about 2 million total in country
 45% guest workers & family •38% student & family
 13% exchange visitors • 5% diplomats & family

Illegal immigrants
 Maybe 40% visa overstayers •2/3 border jumpers (EWIs)
 10 grade education on average
Source: Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, DHS estimates of the unauthorized immigrant population, DHS
estimate of the non-immigrant population.
–3
Differences largely reflect educational attainment
80%
69%
66%
75%
69%
Examples:
India
53%
Koria
Korea
25%
25%
19%
16%
6%
10%
9%
Share with college
Share in or near
Welfare use
education
poverty
Households
Mexico
26%
Honduras
9%
5%
Self-Employment
w/children
Source March 2011/2010 Current Population Survey. In or near poverty defined as <200% of
poverty threshold, welfare includes SSI, TANF, free lunch, WIC, food stamps, Medicaid,
subsidized or public housing.
–4
No evidence of labor shortage
Natives were 2/3 of population
growth but all employment gains
went to immigrants, 2000-2014
Share of natives of every education
level holding a job has declined
dramatically 2000-2014
86%
100%
78%
Immigrant
Bachelor's+
82%
Some College
74%
High School only
66%
68%
Native
65%
34%
52%
Immigrant
<High School
Native
39%
0%
Share of population
Share of employment
growth
growth
2000
2007
2014
Source: “All Employment Growth Since 2000 Went to Immigrants: Number of U.S.-born
not working grew by 17 million” Center for Immigration Studies June 2014.
aFigures are for ages 16 to 65. bFigure are for Ages 18 to 65.
–5

Immigration will remain big issue, not going
to be “resolved”

Education level is a key variable

American workers continue to struggle
◦ 58 million (16 to 65) not working
◦ Little to no wage growth

Try not to let special interests and
sentimentality dominate your thinking
–6
Fly UP