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TB quick facts - WHO Western Pacific Region

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TB quick facts - WHO Western Pacific Region
Philippines
Tuberculosis
quick facts
Illustrated through drawings from
children across the Region
Did you know that…
Papua New Guinea
Mongolia
TB spreads through
the air, but only
people who are sick
with TB in their
lungs (pulmonary
TB) are infectious.
One-third of the world's
population is currently
infected with TB germs
(bacilli)..
Mongolia
…but only 5-10% of people
infected will become sick
with the disease.
Philippines
The immune system "walls off" TB bacilli
which, protected by a thick waxy coat, can lie
dormant in the body for years.
Philippines
People with HIV/AIDS are much more likely to develop TB after
infection due to their weakened immune systems. TB is a leading
cause of death among people who are HIV-positive.
Left untreated, each person with active
TB disease will infect on average
between 10 and 15 people every year.
Mongolia
• 95% of TB deaths are in the
developing world.
• The largest number of new TB
cases in 2010 occurred in Asia,
which accounted for 59% of new
cases globally.
• 4 of the 22 TB high-burden
countries are in the Western
Pacific Region (Cambodia, China,
Philippines, Viet Nam).
Philippines
• An estimated 1.4 million people
died from TB in 2010, including
320,000 deaths among women
and 350,000 people with HIV. This
is equal to 3,800 deaths a day.
• Until 70 years ago, there were no
medicines to cure TB. No new
anti-TB drugs have been
developed in nearly 50 years.
• Drug-resistant TB is man-made,
caused when patients do not take
all their medicines regularly.
• Drugs to treat resistant TB are
more expensive than standard TB
drugs and can cause more severe
side-effects (though these are
manageable).
• Strains that are resistant to at
least one drug have been
documented in every country
surveyed.
Philippines
Fiji
• The absolute number of new
TB cases has been falling slowly
since 2006 (from 9.4 million in
2009 to 8.8 million in 2010).
• 46% of HIV-positive TB
patients were enrolled on
antiretrovirals and 77% started
on co-trimoxazole preventive
treatment in 2010.
Philippines
Mongolia
Since 1995, 46 million people have been
successfully treated and up to 6.8 million lives
saved through DOTS and the Stop TB Strategy.
Viet Nam
Lao PDR
Research and development:
There are “point-of-care” tests in the pipeline, 10 TB drugs in trials,
and 10 vaccine candidates for the prevention of TB in Phase I or Phase
II trials. A new, revolutionary diagnostic tool (Xpert MTB/RIF) has
been developed and is being used in 47 countries.
Viet Nam
Viet Nam
The world as a whole is on track to
achieving the MDG target of reversing
the incidence of TB.
Hand-in-hand we can fight for a World Free of TB.
Cambodia
Fly UP