Magna Carta - Cloudfront.net
The Background 1215 Magna Carta 1215 and the Magna Carta *Document that became the basis for English citizen’s rights *signed by King John and a group of powerful Nobles in 1215 after the Nobles took up arms against the King with backing from the Catholic Church Magna Carta Main Ideas: Church would be free from royal interference No extra taxes could be levied without consent of Council of Nobles Citizens given right to due process and a fair trial All citizens should have “natural rights” Principles of Magna Carta Had specific ideas pertaining to monarchs: King was denied the right to confiscate property. An increase in taxes (adding money to the coffers/treasury) had to be approved The first Parliament was established Effects of the Magna Carta The people began to operate under a common set of laws which governed freedoms (liberties). Specific Effects 1500s fuedalism no longer existed Eventually led to modern day representative government There were two social groups: NOBLES AND COMMONERS These created the two houses in Parliament More Specifics House of Nobles: old ruling families Commoners—those who were NOT NOBLES, but WERE wealthy merchants, craftsmen, members of guilds, and the peasants. Commoners participated in Parliament in the House of Commons Parliament is: The Problem Group The Middle Class This group was usually the largest and caused the most problems for rulers. These people often had some education, some wealth, were examples to the peasants below them. The Middle Class proved to be a threat when they pooled their minds and resources; hence they were a target of rulers. Keep’em Happy The Middle class were put in positions of authority and reported only to the king. Such positions allowed the middle class to rule their townships They became accustomed to SELF-RULE with little supervision. Revolts and uprisings were avoided. Magna Carta Basic Ideals of Magna Carta became the cornerstone of the English Constitution and the reference for those who would write the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution. The ideas of Self-Rule went to the New World with the Middle Class!!