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Directors of Financial Aid Council Meeting

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Directors of Financial Aid Council Meeting
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Medical School Loan
Repayment
& Building Credit
Presented by:
Thomas Murphy
Harvard University Employees Credit Union
Presentation Objectives
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Medical School Loan Overview
Forbearance or Repayment
Understanding Credit
The Most Important Score – Your Credit Scoring
Contact Information
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Types of Loans
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Direct Stafford Direct
Loans (Dept of Education)
Direct PLUS Direct Loans
(Dept of Education)
FFELP Stafford
FFELP PLUS
Institutional Loan from
School
Perkins and PCL
Private Bank or Other
Lending Institution
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
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Who is the servicer for
each loan?
What are the interest
rates for loans?
Is interest subsidized for
any of the loans during
residency?
What are forbearance and
deferment policies?
Repayment Options During
Residency

Make payments
 Lowers total interest accrued over loan
 May assist in loan
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Deferment
 Must apply for deferments annually
 On subsidized loans - Interest does not accumulate
during deferments
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Internship/Residency Forbearance
 Must apply for deferments annually
 Interest accrues during forbearance period
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Repayment Options
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Standard Repayment
Extended Repayment
Graduated
Income Contingent
Income Based Repayment
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Federal Loan Forgiveness

Public Service Loan Forgiveness
 Work for 10 Years at qualified organization
•
•
•
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• non-profit tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organization (i.e. - many medical schools and
residency programs)
• Federal, state, local or tribal government organization, agency or entity
(i.e. – public schools and colleges, public health centers, etc)
• Military service
• Public service organization - a private organization providing a public service
 Make 120 payments while employed at qualified org.
 Income Based, Income contingent, Standard
 All Direct Loans are eligible

Student Loan Interest Deductibility
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Organizing Your Loans
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You are responsible for ensuring forbearance
forms are sent on-time
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On-line bill payment
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Missed deadlines result in missed payments
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Delinquencies will impact your credit history
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Credit Reports and Scores
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What is credit
What is on a credit report
Who looks at credit reports
The most important score – credit score
 How is it calculated?
 Why is it used?
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Obtaining a copy of your credit report
Improving your score
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Credit Basics
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Credit – Utilizing something now (e.g. education,
car or home) and paying for it over a period of
time.
3 C’s of Credit
 Character – How well do you honor your financial
obligations
 Capacity – How easy will it be for you to repay the
debt
 Collateral – Will the loan be secured by something
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
What’s on the Credit Report?
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Personal Information
 Names, current & previous addresses, employers, DOB
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Credit Information
 Credit granted and history & timeliness of repayment, revolving,
installment or open ended, payment patterns for past 7 years
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Public Record Information
 Records found on public documents: bankruptcies, tax liens, collection
accounts, overdue child support
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Inquiries
 List of creditors and agencies who have requested your credit report
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Who Reviews Your Credit?
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Employers
Landlords
Automotive dealers
Professional licensing boards
Insurance companies
Financial lenders
Others
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Getting Your Credit Report
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www.Annualcreditreport.com
 Receive a free copy of report from each of 3
bureaus
- order report every 4 months to monitor
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Must provide free if denied credit within 60 days
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Review for accuracy annually
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Dispute incorrect information
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MYFICO.COM
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Poor Credit:
Higher Cost for the Same Item
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Auto loan – extra $100 per month borrowed
Mortgage costs – extra $200 to $300 per month
per $100,000 borrowed
Insurance costs, credit card costs, other
borrowing - $100’s extra per month
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Repairing Credit
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Document discrepancies in letter to the credit
agency detailing:
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Name, address, SSN
Account and account #’s disputing
The information you are disputing and why
Any documentation to support your claim
A request for an updated credit report reflecting the
correct information
You can write a statement that must be included
in your credit report explaining a discrepancy
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
What Is Your Credit Score?
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Forecast of how well you will repay a loan as
agreed during the next 24 months – the higher the
score, the better the forecast that you will repay
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Snapshot of your credit history at a particular point
in time
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Only includes factors related to an individual’s
credit
Always changing
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Credit Score Ranges
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FICO Scores range – 300 to 850
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Only 18% of population have a FICO Score of
800 or better
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7% of population have scores below 500
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Question:
 Do you want to be considered the best?
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Credit Score Factors
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
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Payment History - 35% or higher
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Amounts Owed – 30%
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Length of Credit History – 15%
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New Credit – 10%
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Types of Credit in Use – 10%
Score Factors: Payment History
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Payment history on all accounts
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Payment information on types of accounts
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Public records
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Number of accounts with no late payments
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Details on late payments
 Severity, frequency, how recent, amount
How to Improve
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Pay bills on time
If you miss a payment, get current
Ask for help with lender
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Score Factors: Amount Owed
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Amount owed on accounts
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Balances compared to high credit or original balance
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Number of accounts with balances
How to Improve
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Keep balances low on credit cards
Don’t open multiple credit cards
Pay off debt rather than moving it around
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Credit Impact: Slow Payments
One 60 day delinquency can decrease a credit
score by…
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50
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75
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100 points
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Credit Impact: Rates and Payments
Credit Score
APR
Monthly Payment
720-850
5.204%
$752
690-719
6.728%
$769
660-689
8.666%
$791
620-659
12.235%
$833
590-619
18.141%
$906
500-589
19.258%
$920
>500
Not eligible
Source: Myfico.com – 36 month car loan - $25,000
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Poor Credit: Costs vs. Savings
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Mortgage costs – extra $200 to $300 per month
per $100,000 borrowed
Insurance costs, credit card costs, other
borrowing - $100’s extra per month
Pay extra for borrowing or pay yourself…
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Managing Finances Summary
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Track your loans
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Obtain a copy of your credit report
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Manage your credit wisely
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Time is on your side
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
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Thank you for attending today’s seminar
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
Thank You!
Tom Murphy
(617) 495-1720
[email protected]
Graduate Medical Education
PARTNERS OFFICE of
RESOURCES for TRAINEES
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