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Frederic Chopin

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Frederic Chopin
Frederic Chopin (1810-1849)
•Pronounced “Show-Pan”
•Born Warsaw, Poland
•Piano virtuoso and composer
•Composed almost exclusively for piano
•Age 21, moved to Paris
•Formed artistic social circles including
Delacroix, Liszt, Berlioz, and Hugo
•Salon performances
•Relationship with “George Sand”
•Health problems, decline, death
Frederic Chopin (1810-1849)
• Personal Style
– Developed by age 18
– Short pieces for solo piano which evoke mood
or dance
– Polish dance forms: Mazurkas, Polkas, etc.
– Characterized by grace and elegance
Franz Liszt (1811-1886)
• Born in Hungary
• Age 11-Vienna to study
• Teens- Paris to perform
• Age 19-Paganini and
subsequent recluse
• A new type of virtuoso
• Transcendental Etudes to
display technical mastery.
Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847)
• Born, Hamburg, Germany
• Child prodigy
• Well educated in many areas
• Published sister’s works under
own name.
• Subject of anti-Semitism
• Led Bach revival
– St. Matthew’s Passion
Violin Concerto
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Composed for Ferdinand David
Perhaps most commonly played
Reversed and altered ‘double exposition’
Cadenza-like passages through-out
Fast-Slow-Fast three movement structure
Absolute Music
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