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Indian Leaders and Religions Unit 1, SSWH 2 a

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Indian Leaders and Religions Unit 1, SSWH 2 a
Indian Leaders
and Religions
Unit 1, SSWH 2 a and b
Maurya Empire
• Chandragupta Maurya killed the
king
• He creates empire (2,000+ miles),
united north India – divided
empire into 4 provinces
• Cruel to subjects
Emperor Asoka
• Ruled for 37yrs., greatest ruler
• Buddhism, ruled “peace to all beings”
• Improved road system (increased
trade, communication, & travel)
• Subjects treated fairly: toleration,
nonviolence
• Fall of Empire: after his death, people
fought for land & power
Gupta Empire
•Created through marriage,
expands through war
•Hinduism primary religion
•Empire declines from
constant invasions
Hinduism
• No founder, collection of different beliefs
• Upanishads (text): achieve liberation
from desires
• Reincarnation: people reborn to new lives
• Karma: soul’s good or bad deeds,
determines new life
• Moksha: state of perfect understanding
• Caste System (social class): strengthened
by religion
Buddhism: Siddhartha Gautama
• Enlightenment (wisdom): escape
human suffering
• 4 Noble Truths: basic philosophy to
achieve nirvana
• Nirvana: perfect understanding, no
pain, no more reincarnations
• Rejects Caste System & multiple gods
of Hinduism
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