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Unit 3 Animal Magic

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Unit 3 Animal Magic
Unit 3
P1
P2
P3
P1

H
Listening & Speaking Activities
Brainstorming

Listening

Speaking

Brainstorming

Verbs referring to the future

Expressions related to biotechnology

Expressions related to computer science


P1
Expressions of achievement
Expressions for difficult situations
impending: adj.
[only
before
n.] an impending
eventyou,
or situation,
await:
vt.
if
a
situation,
event
etc
awaits
e.g. Food
e.g.
shortages
The dark
loom
clouds
in some
suggest
parts
an of
impending
Africa. storm.
 Verbs
referring
to
the
future
especially
an
unpleasant
one,
is
going
to
happen
very soon (通
loom:
if
a
problem
or
difficulty
looms,
it
it
is
going
to
happen
in
the
future
将发生在,
draw near/closer:
to
become
closer
in
The specter
e.g.He
Death
was
of war
inadequately
awaits
loomed
all men.
ahead.
prepared for the impending
常指不愉快的事)即将发生的;迫在眉睫的
likely
to
happen
very
逼近
将降临到(某人头上)
or space
临近(靠近)
e.g. The time
deadline
isis drawing
examinations.
near;
A
warm
we人总有一死。
welcome
can'tsoon
delay
awaits
any all
more.
our guests.
食物短缺在非洲一些地区迫在眉睫。
战争的阴影逼近了。
我们的客人都将受到热烈欢迎。
他对即将举行的考试准备不足。
乌云表明暴风雨即将来临。
expect, anticipate, draw near, loom, await, approach, be impending,
predict, foretell, look forward to, hope for, foresee

mutation: [u &related
c] a change
the genetic structure of
Expressions
toinbiotechnology
an animal or plant that makes it different from others
mutations in plants caused by
of the same e.g.
kindThe
变异;突变
radiation
found in experiments.
放射线引起植物变异已在实验中被证实。
biology, clone,
gene, have
DNA,been
embryology,
genetics, chromosome,
microbiology, bacteria, micro-organism, mutation
B

Expressions related to computer science
DVD-ROM:
Digital
Versatile
Disc – Read
CPU:
Central
Processing
Unit
中央处理器
RW-ROM:
Rewritable
Read Only
CD-ROM:
Compact
Disc
– Read
Only
disc, software,
hardware,
screen, monitor, mouse, drive, memory,
Only Memory
只读数字化视频光盘驱动器
Memory
可重复擦写只读存取器
Memory
(只读)光盘驱动器
CPU , laptop, virus, program (AmE.) programme (BrE.), print-out,
CD-ROM , DVD-ROM , RW-ROM e-mail, the Internet, wordprocessing, browser...
come through (with sth):
to successfully
or
triumph:
vi. to gain adovictory
or success
complete
that
you
have
promised
to do
make
it: Justice
a)e.g.
to sth
succeed
inworried
getting
somewhere
inbe打败;战胜;成功
after
aover
difficult
struggle
 Expressions
of
achievement
e.g.
We
will
were
triumph
she
injustice.
wouldn’t
ableintodoing
pull
sth
↔
off:
informal
to
succeed
b)
to
be
successful
at
sth,
for
example
in
triumph
(off
over
sb/sth)
time(成功地)履行诺言,实现诺言
for sth
or when
this
isbound
difficult
及时抵达,
Advancing
handle
culture
e.g.
it,
but
We
is
she
pulled
came
to
through
the
triumph
deal.
in正义必将战胜非正义。
over
the end.
declining culture.
我们担心她没有能力处理那件事。
先进的文化必然战胜没落的文化。
e.g. bull’s
Only
one
bullet
hit
the
bull's-eye.
hit/miss
the
mark:
to
succeed
or
fail
to
have
sth
difficult
做成,完成(困难的事情)
your
job
获得成功
make
it
as
eye:靶心;打中靶心的一击;直接命
走完路程;赶上
e.g.
The
e.g.
train
He
never
goes
at10.15.
really
make
The
I think
goalkeeper
it as
wean
shall
actor.
pulled
make it.
offsucceed,
six terrific
saves.
火车10点1刻开,我想我们能赶上。
他从来就不是一个成功的演员。
reach
one's
goal,
make
progress,
come
through,
triumph,
He scored
a
bull's-eye
in
their
argument
the effect
you
wanted
达到/没有达到目的
中;击中要害的话(或行动)
accomplish,
fulfill,
make it, win, score a success, pull it off , hit the
with 只有一颗子弹击中靶心。
that witty
retort.
在他们的辩论中他那一句机智的反驳击中了要害。
mark, success, bull's eye , fulfillment, attainment
B

Expressionse.g.
forThe
difficult
situations
negotiations have reached a deadlock.
deadlock:
stumbling[singular,
block: [c]u]aaproblem
situationorindifficulty
which a that stops
Weachieving
can
e.g.
onlyIt's
make
asettled
good
minor
plan,
concessions,
but the opposition
but
of
这是一个好计划,不过当地人的
disagreement
you from
cannot
sth
be
绊脚石;困难;阻碍物
僵局,停顿
it might
break
the
the
localdeadlock.
people
may be a stumbling
block.
我们只能做些较小的让步,但这就可能打破僵局。
反对可能成为一大障碍。
谈判陷入僵局。
obstacle, dilemma,
crisis,
hardship,
misfortune,
emergency,
dead
end, setback, shipwreck, mess, barrier, deadlock, stumbling block
B
Listening
Science & a disenchanted world
New words
Answers to the questions

enchanted: to be charmed
and
a. (2),
(3)delighted or even controlled by some
magic power 中魔法的;着了魔的;施过魔法的
b. (2), (4)
alienated: to feel distant or isolated from persons, society, or nature in
emotion or feeling 使(与某群体)格格不入;使疏远
c. (3), (4)
integral: essential, basic or necessary to the completeness of a whole 必
d. (1), (2)
需的;不可或缺的
wipe sb/sth out: to destroy, remove, or get rid of sth completely 彻底消灭;
全部摧毁 rigid: 严格的
from…onwards: continuing from a particular time 从(某时)起一直
P1

Speaking
Activity a
What is the most important invention in history?
Choose two of these inventions that you think are the most important
inventions in history, and write down at least three reasons for each.
The more, the better!!!
wheel
The steam
engine
P1
airplane
computer mobile phone
penicillin
compass
The printing
press
P2


H
Reading Comprehension & Language Activities
Pre-reading task
Text

Animal Magic
Animal-to-human transplants are regarded by many scientists as the
only long-term solution to the worldwide shortage of human organs.
the remainder:
the part
oflatest
sth that
is left after everything
Margareta
Simonse.g.他在乡村度过余生。
looks
at the
development.
else has gone or been dealt with 其他人员;剩余物;剩余
9个人进来,余下的人留在外面。
1. Throughout
the world
is a shortage
时间 the remainder
ofthere
-synonym
the rest of human organs for
Nine
He
spent
We spent
the
came
remainder
the
inremainder
and the
of6000
his
reminder
oflife
theinday
the
stayed
sightseeing.
country.
outside.
这天剩下的时间我们到各处观光。
transplants.
Inpeople
Britain,
for
example,
people
are
waiting
for
organs — 5000 for kidneys, and the remainder for hearts, lungs and
livers. However, only about 1750 kidney, 500 heart or heart and lung,
hence:
formal
from this
from
now
从year. And the waiting list
and
650 b)
liver
transplants
aretime;
carried
out
each
因此人们对动物——人体移植术,即人们所称谓的异种移植,
现在起;从这时起;从此
ten
days
hence/five
increases
five
per
cent
a year.
Inend
the
United
States
only half of the
hence:
a)atno
formal
[sentence
adverb]
e.g.
We
The
have
railroad
chance
will
to
open
meet
at
each
the
other
a week
hence.
产生了极大的兴趣,大多数科学家认为这是解决器官短缺问题
months
etc
30,000
inhence
need
of
organs
receive
them.
for
this
reason
因此,由此
e.g.
这条铁路本世纪末通车,离现在还有两年时间。
A的唯一长远的办法。
of
year
the
hence
century,
itand
will
two
beyears
forgotten.
hence.
今后将被遗忘的一年。
我们今后一星期没有见面的机会了。
手工制造,因此很贵。
e.g.
Handmade
hence
expensive.
2. Hence the great interest in animal-to-human transplants, known as
xenografts or xenotransplants (from the Greek word xenos, meaning
strange or foreign), which most scientists believe is the only long-term
solution to the organ shortage.
e.g. My early attempts at learning to drive were unsuccessful.
attempt: [c] an act of trying to do sth, especially sth
她尝试写诗失败了 。

difficult 企图,尝试 attempt to do sth; attempt at
我首次试做的巧克力蛋糕难吃极了。
(doing)
sth
;
attest
the
first/second
etc horrible.
attempt
My Her
She
first
passed
attempt
attempt
her
driving
at
at
poetry
a
chocolate
was
at
the
a
cake
failure.
first
tasted
attempt.
我曾经几次打算学开车,
却都没有学成。
她考汽车驾驶执照时一次就通过了。
There
have been attempts at xenotransplants
since the beginning of this
任何器官移植手术的主要问题在于,
接受器官的病人的免疫系
century
but none has been successful; the longest survivor was a 20-day统把植入器官视作入侵者,因此会对该入侵者发动大规模的攻
old baby
called Fae, who in 1984 was given the heart of a baboon.
击,激活人称防御素的酶来攻击异体,最终也会杀死病人。
activate: vt. technical to make an electrical
3. Thesystem
main problem
withprocess
any organ
is that the immune
or chemical
starttransplant
working 使
对于人体间的器官移植,人们通过对组织进行严格匹配以及
system
of
the patient
receiving the organ sees the transplant organ as an
活动,
激活;使活化
防盗铃误响了/一动就会响。
长期使用称作免疫抑制剂的药物,已经克服了这种排斥现象,
e.g.
The
burglar
alarmsystem
was activated
mistake/movement.
invader.
The immune
thereforebylaunches
a massive attack on the
而此类药物仅于十多年前才首次采用。
invader,
activating enzymes known as complement, which attack the
foreign body, eventually killing the patient as well. This rejection has
been overcome when transplanting organs between humans by the close
matching of tissue and the long-term use of drugs known as immunosuppressants, first introduced just over ten years ago. With
xenotransplants, however, rejection is even more severe; a normal pig’s
heart, for example, transfused with human blood can be destroyed in 15
minutes.
Animal Magic

go into doing sth: (of money, time, effort, etc)
Animal Magic
to be spend on sth or used to do sth 投入某事,
e.g. More government money needs to go into
用于某事
rebuilding
the inner cities.
政府需动用更多经费重建旧城区。
4. So for the past few years a lot of research has gone into preparing
animal organs by raising animals that have been genetically altered;
they are known as transgenic breeds. Animal embryos are being
injected with a human gene to produce human complement inhibitors,
which control the release of complement, so that after a transplant the
ironically:
adverb]
usedorgan
when as
talking
about a
human complement
“sees [sentence
the transgenic
animal
if it were
resemble: [vt.
not ininprogressive
or passive]
situation
which the opposite
of what you expected
human.
to look
likeb)
orifbe
similar
tointerest
someone
or sth
看
happens
or
is
true
说反话地,
讽刺地
infect:
a
feeling
or
that
you
have infects other
She这种形势与1940年的欧洲十分相似。
resembles
her
sister
in
e.g.
这主意是她最先想出来的。
5.e.g.
The
preferred
animals
for
xenotransplants
are
not otherformal
primates,
infect:
vt.+a)
to give
someone
a disease
originate:
[vi.
always
adv/prep,
notthe
in progressive]
to
起来像;显得像,像;相似,类似
people,
it
makes
them
begin
to
feel
same
way
or
have
the
Theonce
situation
appearance
closely
but
resembles
not in
character.
that of Europe
in 1940.
她和她姐姐外貌相似,但性格不同。
工业革命始于蒸汽机的发明。
considered
the
best
candidates
for
xenografts,
but pigs.situation
Ironically,
【医】传染;侵染;感染
infect
with
come
from
a
particular
place
or
start
in a particular
起
same interest使受影响; 感染
The
Industrial
Revolution
originated
火车发自伦敦。
艾滋病最初或许源于猴子体内的一种病
e.g.
全班几乎人人都染上了流行性感冒病毒。
other primates
resemble
humans
too
closely;
same
viruses
that
The
e.g.
flu
The
virus
captain's
infected
courage
almost
infected
thethe
entire
hisclass.
men.
船长的勇气感染了他的船员。
源;发源;发端于
originate
in/with/from/as
in/from
The
the
The
train
invention
idea
originated
originated
thein
steam
London.
withengine.
her.
毒,并通过某种渠道传染给了人类。
他们的隔阂是由误会而起。
Their
estrangement
originated
inof
a misunderstanding.
infect monkeys and apes
may
infect
humans,
and
a primate
organ
transplant could pass on fatal diseases; Aids probably originated as a
monkey virus that somehow infected humans.

Animal Magic
fatal: adj. having a very bad effect, especially
making someone fail or stop what they are doing 灾
难性的;毁灭性的;导致失败的
His
illness
was fatal
our
plan.
e.g.
他的患病给我们的计划带来灾难。
Pigs’ organs, though,
are
close
in function
and to
size
tofatal
thosetoof humans,
yet distant enough not to carry viruses fatal to humans. And pigs are
also cheap and easy to breed.
6. A British biotechnology company called Imutran, which is based in
Cambridge, is planning the world’s first pig-to-human heart transplant
some time this year as part of its clinical trials. Last year the Cambridge
scientists successfully transplanted transgenic pigs’ hearts into monkeys;
some of the monkeys were still alive after 60 days, beating the previous
best results of scientists in the United States who only achieved a
maximum survival rate of 30 hours.
7. If Imutran’s research continues as expected, transgenic pigs’ organs,
including kidneys and lungs, could be generally available by the year
2000.

Animal
Magic
“这将给全世界成百上千的病人以希望,不然他们会在
等待心脏、肺和肾脏中死去。”
“This will give hope to hundreds of thousands of patients around the
world who would otherwise die waiting for a heart, lung or kidney,”
said Christopher Sampler, Imutran’s Chief Executive. The transplants
然而,异种移植要克服的不仅是科
of pigs’ livers are not being considered at this stage.
学上的障碍,还有道德上的障碍。
e.g. The house
was in an uproar, with babies crying and people
8. However,
xenografts will still have to overcome ethical as well as
shouting.
uproar:
[singular,
u]
lot
ofinnoise
or angry
protest
scientific
barriers.
Already,
piga insulin
isanused
for diabetes
The
business
community
was
uproar
over
the and
new pig
tax heart
law.
但是预计动物权利的倡导者将不会接受
about
sthheart
骚动;怨愤;喧嚣
in
valves are
used
surgery,
solong
the(an)
useuproar
ofmidnight.
animal organs is
The in
uproar
inrepair
the cafe
lastedbe
after
商界因新税法而陷入一片哗然。
为人类医用而饲养和杀害动物的做法。
咖啡馆的喧闹一直持续到午夜之后很久。
not likely to cause an uproar. But it is expected that animal rights
campaigners will not accept the rearing and killing of large numbers of
bear (sth) in mind: to remember a fact or piece of information that
animals for human medical use. And, as Les Ward, Dirctor of the
is important or could be useful in the future 将…记在心中,记起;
Scottish group Advocates for Animals, has pointed out, what will
考虑 -synonym keep (sth) in mind
happen to the rest of the pig after the organs have been removed. Will
the meat be used for human consumption? “If so — and bearing in
mind that the pig contained human genes — is this not a form of
cannibalism?”

Hence
结果
as a result, thus, hence, so, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, as consequence
区别
accordingly, consequently, hence, so, therefore, thus
accordingly: 书面用词,强调根据某种原因而得出的结果,
其前可用冒号或分号,但不用逗号。
consequently: 正式用词,侧重符合逻辑的结果。
hence: 较正式用词,指接下来的东西是理所当然的必需的东
西,但强调其重要性。
so: 用于比较随便的场合,口语中多用。
therefore: 通常指引出一个推断出的必然结论。
thus: 多用于书面语中,可与therefore换用。

Hence
区别
hence,thereby,therefore
hence: adv. 正式的词,常用于不含动词的短语里,“因此,
从而,所以”
e.g. She grew up in Sudan; hence her interest in Nubian art.
The town was built near a bridge on the River Cam;
hence the name Cambridge.
thereby: adv. 正式的词,常用于法律中 “因此,以此”
e.g. He wished to travel and thereby study the customs of
other countries.
therefore:
adv. 正式的词 ①“因而,所以”
他想旅游,借此可以了解其他国家的风土人情。
e.g. The new car is smaller and therefore cheaper.
② “用于推理中:因此”
e.g. I think, therefore I exisit. 我思故我在。

go into
go into: [not in passive] to start to do a
particular type of job 加入某组织;从
事某职业
e.g. She's thinking of going into
business.
go into the Army/the
Church/Parliament 参军/加入教会/当议会议员
go into: to explain, describe, or
他对那件事长篇大论地解释起来。
examine sth in detail 详细调查
He went into a long explanation
(或深入研究)某事,解释
of the affair.
I don't want to go into the minor
details now.
我现在不想涉及枝节问题。 go into: [not in passive] to start
I’ll go into the matter.
to be in a particular state or
我会调查这件事。
condition 进入...状态
She went into hysterics.
My father went into a rage.
她歇斯底里大发作。
我父亲大发雷霆。
P3
Extended Activities

H
Dictation

Read more

Translation

Dictation
As civilization moves on in the direction of technology, it passes the
point of supplying all the basic essentials of life --- food, shelter, clothing,
and warmth. Then we are faced with a choice between using technology
to provide and fulfill needs which have been regarded as unnecessary or,
on the other hand, using technology to reduce the number of hours of
work which a man must do in order to earn a decent standard of living.
In other words, we either raise our standard of living above what is
necessary for comfort and happiness or we leave it at this level and
work shorter hours. Mankind has chosen the latter alternative. Men will
be working shorter and shorter hours in their future paid employment.
P3

Read more
P3
craze: n. zeal, enthusiasm (通常为一时的)狂热;疯狂;风行一时的
东西 craze (for sth)
e.g. Everyone in his family had a craze for Chinese food.
beam: [vn + adv./prep.]
to send a radio or television signal through the
他家人人酷爱中国食品。
air, esp. to somewhere very distant 发射电波;播送
e.g. This transmitter will be beamed at East Asia.
世界杯决赛从英国向日本作了实况转播。
这台发射机将用于对东亚广播。
rest
assured
formalwas
used
to tell live
someone
to worry,
because
The
World(that):
Cup Final
beamed
from not
Britain
to Japan.
what you say about a situation is true 放心
e.g. 你放心好了, 你儿子在这儿会快乐的。
cross-reference:
a notethat
thatyour
tells son
the reader
a book
to go to another
You can rest n.
assured
will be of
happy
here.
place in the book, to get further information (书 或文档中的)参见
项,互见条,相互参照

Read more
P3
throw sth ↔ up: British English to produce problems, ideas, results etc
stumble on/across/upon sth: phrasal verb to find or discover sth by
chance and unexpectedly 意外发现;偶然遇见 SYN- come across
(just) around/round the corner:
a. near 在附近
b. likely
即将来临
e.g. She
usedto
tohappen
live justsoon
around
the corner.
Victory is just around the corner.
胜利就在眼前。
I for one won’t …: I would like to be counted as one of the people who
(dislike reading on the computer.)

Translations for reference
The press had criticized her so often that in the end she had become
immune to what was said.

 Air
pollution is caused by industries and vehicles which release large
amounts of waste gas into atmosphere.
The doctor required me to wear goggles at work to prevent foreign
objects from getting into my eyes.

 As
parents can pass on their chromosomes to their offspring, some
diseases are hereditary.
He possesses a remarkable talent for doing business, but we don't see
him as a potential leader in business circle.

The epoch-making summit conference was beamed by satellite all over
the world.

P3
Ironically, most people came to watch the match on the
Ironically, the murderer was killed with his own gun.
day it poured with rain.
饶有讽刺意味的是,杀人者被自己的枪所击毙。
老天爷好像成心捉弄人,很多人前来看比赛却偏偏下
起瓢泼大雨。
Fly UP