Buddhism - Global History I
Buddhism AIM: HOW CAN BUDDHISM BE CONSIDERED A REACTION TO THE BELIEFS OF HINDUISM? Copy all notes in red. Answer reflection questions in your notebook. Buddhism • In complete silence, answer one of the following questions in your notebook: •Why do religions form? •What advice would you give to someone who wanted to be successful in life? Provide examples. Origins •Siddhartha Gautama was an Indian prince who left his palace and eventually discovered the existence of suffering. •He discovered that we are born only to age and die. Siddhartha wanted to discover how to end suffering so he sat under the Bodhi tree and meditated until he became enlightened. When Siddhartha achieved enlightenment, he became the Buddha or the Enlightened One. The Four Noble Truths Gautama found that there were 4 things to be true of human existence: The cause and cessation of suffering can be found in his Four Noble Truths. The Four Noble Truths Life is suffering. Desire and attachment cause suffering. Suffering can end. Follow the Noble Eightfold Path Turn and Talk (with your partner or STOP & JOT your response: ALL LIFE IS SUFFERING. DO YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE? WHY? Life is suffering but suffering can end. The Noble Eightfold Path •The Buddha encouraged his followers to follow the the Eightfold Path or (middle path) or to avoid extremes such as eating too much or eating too little. •The Eightfold Path are eight actions designed to help followers achieve enlightenment. •They are right view, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration. The Noble Eightfold Path Nirvana •Nirvana is the end of suffering. •By achieving nirvana, a person escapes samsara or the cycle of reincarnation. •Siddhartha achieved nirvana when he became enlightened. Nirvana is the end of suffering. Questions for Reflection (answer in your notebook) : •List and explain the Four Noble Truths . •Why does the Buddha tell his followers to follow the Noble Eightfold Path? •Define nirvana. •How does Buddhism differ from Hinduism?