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EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIAN

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EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIAN
VITAL SIGNS
EMERGENCY MEDICAL
TECHNICIAN - BASIC
Temple College EMS
Program
1
Vital Signs
• Vital signs are an outward clue to what
is going on in the patient’s body
Temple College EMS
Program
2
Vital Signs
• Baseline Vital Signs provide a basis for
comparison of later sets of VitalSigns
Temple College EMS
Program
3
Vital Signs
• It is important to monitor “trends” in
Vital Signs rather than individual sets
of Vital Signs
Temple College EMS
Program
4
Pulse
• Pulse Points
Carotid
Brachial
Radial
Femoral
Popliteal
Temple College EMS
Program
5
Pulse
• Pulse Points
Dorsal Pedal
Posterior Tibial
(Posterior and slightly
inferior to medial
Malleolus)
Temple College EMS
Program
6
• Rate
Pulse
–Adult
• 60-80 Beats/minute
–Child
• 80-110 Beats/minute
–Infant
• 120-150 Beats/minute
Temple College EMS
Program
7
Pulse
–Rhythm
• Regular
• Irregular
Temple College EMS
Program
8
Pulse
–Quality
• Full
• Weak (Thready)
• Bounding
Temple College EMS
Program
9
Respirations
• Rate
–Adult
• 12-24 Resp/min
–Child
• 20-28 Resp/min
Temple College EMS
Program
10
Respirations
• Rate
–Infant
• 30-70 Resp/min @ birth
• 30 Resp/min @ 6 months
Temple College EMS
Program
11
Respirations
–Rhythm
• Regular
• Irregular
Temple College EMS
Program
12
Respiration
–Quality
• Full
• Deep
• Shallow
• Labored
• Noisy
Temple College EMS
Program
13
Blood Pressure
• Systolic - Pressure on the arterial wall when
the heart contracts
• Diastolic - Pressure on the arterial wall when
the heart is at rest
Temple College EMS
Program
14
Blood Pressure
• Auscultated BP - Listening for both the
systolic and diastolic values
• Palpated BP - Feeling for the systolic
pressure
Temple College EMS
Program
15
Auscultated Blood
Pressure
• Adult
–Male
100+ Age (up to 50)
80
–Female
90 + Age (up to 50
80
Temple College EMS
Program
16
Auscultated Blood
Pressure
• Child
94 - 100
56 - 64
Temple College EMS
Program
17
Auscultated Blood
Pressure
• Infant
–At Birth
60 - 80
40 - 76
–At 6 Months
90
40-76
Temple College EMS
Program
18
Estimating Blood Pressure
• Radial Pulse Present?
– >80 Systolic
Temple College EMS
Program
19
Estimating Blood Pressure
• Femoral Pulse Present?
– >70 Systolic
– <80 Systolic
Temple College EMS
Program
20
Estimating Blood Pressure
• Carotid Pulse Present?
– >60 Systolic
– <70 Systolic
Temple College EMS
Program
21
Vital Signs
• DO NOT TREAT NUMBERS
- - - - - - TREAT PEOPLE!!!!
Temple College EMS
Program
22
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