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Ispra WP3b - E-Agri

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Ispra WP3b - E-Agri
WP 31.1 : Ground data collection for BioMA (Morocco)
Leading institution : UNIMI
Months: 1-30
Mohammed Jlibene, Nasserlehaq Nsarellah, Riad Balaghi
(INRA – Morocco)
1
Location of field experimental trials
2
Location of field experimental trials
INRA
Experimental
Station
Afourer
Annoceur
Coordinates
Latitud Longitude
e
32.217
-6.500
33.667
-4.850
Jemaa Shaim
32.350
-8.850
Semi arid
Khemiss Zmamra
32.633
-8.700
Semi arid
Marchouch
33.987
-6.496
Favourable
Sidi Allal Tazi
34.520
-6.324
Favourable
Sidi El Aydi
Tassaout
Agroecological zone
Major stresses
Irrigated
Mountain
Rusts, terminal heat
Cold, drought, Hessian
fly, rusts
Drought, Hessian fly, Leaf
rust
Drought, Hessian fly, Leaf
rust
Intermediate
33.167
31.420
-7.400
-6.467
Irrigated
Rusts, septoria, Hessian
fly, drought
Septoria, rusts, Hessian
fly
Drought, Hessian fly,
rusts
Rusts, terminal heat
3
Collected parameters for BioMA calibration
Species
Period
Soft
wheat
2001
2004
Durum
wheat
2002
2005
Nb
years
to 4
Nb
Nb
of Nb of trials Parameter
locations varieties
s
4
4
136
Sowing
Emergence
Tillering
Heading
Maturity
Height
Yield
to 4
6
24
1728
Tillering
Heading
Maturity
Height
Yield
4
Collected parameters for BioMA calibration
Characteristics of soft wheat cultivars used for BioMA calibration
Year of
Cultivar release Earline Productiv Adaptatio
ss
ity
n
Achtar
Kanz
Mehdia
Massira
Arrehan
e
1985 Mediu
m late
1985 Early
High
Medium
1987 Mediu Medium
m early
1992 Mediu Medium
m early
1997 Early
High
Resistance
to diseases
and
insects
Hessian fly
High
Susceptibl
e
Intermedia Intermedia
te
te
Intermedia Susceptibl
te
e
Intermedia Resistant
te
High
Resistant
Sensitivity Sensitivi
to Yellow ty
to
rust
Septoria
Susceptibl
e
Intermedi
ate
Intermedi
ate
Susceptibl
e
Resistant
Medium
Resistan
t
Medium
Resistan
t
Resistan
t
5
Collected parameters for BioMA calibration
Twenty four durum wheat varieties were used, among the varieties released
by INRA. These varieties are :
 Marzak, RGL0095, Isly, Sarif, O.Rabia, Amjad, Ourgh, Tarek, Sebou, Tomouh,
Marjana, RGN0027, Yasmine, Jawhar, Massa, Anouar and Karim which are
suitable for the Northern and Western parts of Morocco, longer season,
cooler winter and more favorable rain. These area may have Hessian fly
(according to the years) they often have Septoria, leaf rust, root rot and
fisarium head blight.
Irden, Nassira, Telset, Amria, Chaoui, Marouane (INRA1804, INRA1805,
INRA1806, INRA1807, INRA1808, INRA1809) which are suitable for Southern
and or Eastern parts of Morocco, which are warmer, shorter season, more
atmospheric water demand, and possibly with less rain. These areas have
problems mainly with Hessian fly and dryland root rot, in wet years they have
problems with septoria, leaf rust and and fusarium head blight and root rot.
6
Collected parameters for BioMA calibration
Criteria used to split these varieties in two groups, are by priority :
 Yield in the multiyear multisite experiment. Which is influenced by:
Plant phenology (earliness in heading flowering maturity etc) ,
Plant morphology (height, tillers number)
Plant phisiology (tolerance to drought)
 Resistance to Hessian fly
 Tolerance to root rot.
7
‫شكرا‬
謝謝您
Thank you
8
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