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the maison carree - MsGreensidesclass

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the maison carree - MsGreensidesclass
THE MAISON CARREE
THE MAISON CARREE




is situated in the French town of Nimes.
name means ‘squared house’.
but the house isn’t actually square.
built in the early years of the first century
AD.
 the temple was built by Marcus Agrippa.
 the temple originally sat in the middle of a
2000m2 sanctuary.
Who was Marcus Agrippa?
 (c. 63 BC–12 BC) was a Roman
statesman and general.
 He was a close friend, son-in-law,
lieutenant and minister to Octavian, the
future emperor Caesar Augustus. He was
responsible for most of Octavian’s military
triumphs, most notably winning the naval
Battle of Actium against the forces of Mark
Antony and Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
Name the following parts:







A=
B=
C=
D=
E=
F=
G=
Originally there was a
gilded bronze inscription on
the frieze over the entrance
porch.The inscription said:
“To Gaius Caesar, son of
Augustus, consul, to Lucias
Caesar, son of Augustus,
consul designate/Leaders
of the Youth”.
The design of the temple shows the
Hellenised Italic
tradition of temple architecture.
ETRUSCAN TEMPLES
GREEK TEMPLES
 cella fronted by a deep  use of stone (local
porch.
limestone).
 strong frontal aspect to  style of columns and
the temple.
mouldings.
 raised on a high
podium.
 the front of temple has 6 columns.
 two more free-standing
columns along the east
and west sides in a second
and third row.
 the columns are:
– Corinthian,
– fluted,
– tall and slender.
What is pseudo-peripteral?
= the appearance that there is a
portico along the sides.
The east and west
sides are surrounded
by a colonnade of
engaged columns
which encircle the
cult room (cella).
 the pediment was left bare.
 the entablature consists of
an architrave and a frieze
which is decorated with an
acanthus scroll design on
all but the north side.
 the ceiling under the porch
has coffers for decoration.
 there is a deep entrance
porch.
 the temple is entered via a
broad 15 steps staircase.
 the podium is 2.88m high
AND THE INSIDE … ?
 The interior is modern and we have no way
of knowing what it originally looked like.
 Sorry.
THE END
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