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A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

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A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
A COMPARISON OF
JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY, AND ISLAM
ABRAHAMIC RELIGIONS
1
 Date

and Place founded:
Judaism – approximately 1800 B.C. in Palestine

Some say the date is unknown
Christianity – approximately 1 A.D. in Palestine
 Islam – 622 A.D. in Saudi Arabia

“Eh! What gives?
Where’s the
originality!?”
2
 Founders
and Early Leaders
Judaism – Abraham and Moses
 Christianity – Jesus, Disciples (Moses
and Abraham are also prophets)
 Islam – Muhammad (Moses, Abraham,
and Jesus are also prophets)

“I hope we’re not over
budget…”
It is actually
controversial to depict
Mohammed through
art – so instead,
here’s a generic
silhouette of a guy.
3

Followers Called:
Judaism – Jews
 Christianity – Christians
 Islam – Muslims


Clergy Called:
Judaism – rabbis
 Christianity – bishop, pastor, ministers, priest
 Islam - imams

4
 House
of Worship
Judaism – synagogue or temple
 Christianity – church, cathedral, chapel
 Islam – mosque

Christian
Church
5
Synagogue
 Holy
City
Judaism – Jerusalem
 Christianity – Jerusalem
 Islam – Jerusalem, Mecca

Mecca
Jerusalem
6

Day of Worship
Judaism – Saturday
 Christianity – Sunday
 Islam - Friday

7
 Holy
Days
Judaism – Passover, Rosh Hashanah,
Yom Kippur
 Christianity – Christmas, Easter
 Islam – Ramadan

8
 Original
Language

Judaism – Hebrew

Christianity – Aramaic and Greek

Islam – Arabic
 Names
of God
Judaism – Yahweh and Elohim
 Christianity – God, the Trinity
 Islam - Allah

9
 Major



Locations TODAY
Judaism – Europe, Israel, North America
Christianity – Europe, North and South
America
Islam – Africa, Middle East, and Southeast
Asia
10
 Early



Expansion
Judaism – Little expansion mostly confined to
Israel
Christianity – by the end of the 4th century
Christianity spread across the entire Roman
Empire
Islam – Within 12 years, entire Arabian
peninsula; after 100 years stretched from
Spain to Southeast Asia
11
 Current
Worldwide Followers TODAY

Judaism – 14 million (ranks 12th)
Christianity – 2.1 billion (ranks 1st)
Islam – 1.3 billion (ranks 2nd)

In the USA


Judaism – 5.6 million
 Christianity – 159 million
 Islam – 1.1 million

12
 Sacred



Texts
Judaism – Hebrew Bible (Torah)
Christianity – Old Testament and
New Testament
Islam – Qur’an (Koran)
Hebrew Bible
13
Qur’an
 Ultimate
Reality (Type of
Theism and beliefs)



Judaism – One God, waiting for
their Messiah
Christianity – Trinity (God the
father, God the Son, and God the
Holy Spirit), already found
Messiah (Jesus).
Islam – One God, Allah is their
prophet and messiah
I didn’t know
what picture to
put here, so
instead, here’s
a picture of a
Jewish man
with a goose.
14
Divine Revelation
How do we know about God?
 Judaism – through prophets recorded in the
Hebrew Bible
 Christianity – through prophets and Jesus as
recorded in the Old and New Testament
 Islam – through God’s final prophet
Muhammad recorded in the Qur’an

Christian
prophets – no,
they aren’t
wearing funny
hats. Those
are halos.
Hebrew
Prophets
15
 Identity



of Jesus (How the religions view Jesus)
Judaism – False prophet
Christianity – Son of God, the Messiah, Savior
Islam – prophet of God
How Jesus
is often
depicted.
How Jesus
might have
actually
looked.
16
 Death

of Jesus
How the other religions believe Jesus died.
Judaism – death by Crucifixion
 Christianity – death by Crucifixion
 Islam – Did not die, but ascended into heaven
(a disciple took his place)

“It could be
worse.”
17
 Resurrection



of Jesus
Judaism – Denied
Christianity – Affirmed
Islam – Denied; since he did not die
“Hey guys,
what’d I
miss?”
18
 Means
of Salvation
Judaism – Belief in one God; good deeds
 Christianity – correct belief, good deeds; by
faith accept Christ as Savior (Protestants)
 Islam – Belief in one God; good deeds and
follow Five Pillars of Faith

19

Afterlife
Judaism – eternal heaven, or no afterlife
 Christianity – eternal heaven
 Islam – eternal paradise (heaven)




Judaism - eternal hell, or no afterlife
Christianity – eternal hell
Islam – eternal hell
Fun fact: The
depiction of
Hell as fire and
brimstone is
not grounded
in texts, and
was made up
centuries later
by various
preachers and
priests.
20
 Symbols



Judaism – Star of David
Christianity – cross
Islam – crescent with name of Allah in Arabic
21
 View



of Fellow Abrahamic Religions
Judaism – “Islam and Christianity are false
interpretations and extensions of Judaism.”
Christianity – “Judaism is a true religion,
but with incomplete revelation. Islam is a
false religion.”
Islam – “Jews and Christians are respected as
fellow believers, but with wrong beliefs and
only partial revelation.”
22
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