Air your opinion
New college English Unit Five I Preparation III Further Development II Reading Activities IV Translation & Writing Part I Preparation 1. Talking About Sports Activities 2. Guessing Activity 1 Talking About Sports Activities Directions: Divide the class into three groups. Each group is required to deal with one category to list as many items as possible. Activity 1 Talking About Sports Activities Individual Sports Sports That Require Two Players or More Team Sports swimming high-jump long-jump running skiing jogging weight-lifting javelin(标枪) hurdles(跨栏) discus(铁饼) shot put(铅球) gymnastics(体操) table tennis badminton snooker fencing dancing squash tennis chess bridge sumo-wrestling(相扑) basketball football volleyball water polo handball cricket ice hockey bike-relay-race Activity 2 Guessing Directions: Describe your favorite athlete. Chinese or international, to your group members, without mentioning the name and see who in your group can figure out the athlete you like most. Your description should include a few important facts about him or her. Part II Reading Activities 1. Pre-reading Questions 2. Text Organization 3. Sentence Study 4. Words & Phrases Pre-reading Questions 1. What are the most important qualities an athlete needs? An athlete should: ---- have strong willpower ---- be loyal to his team ---- be cooperative with his teammates ---- have a great sense of responsibility ---- be self-confident ---- be courageous ---- respect people, especially those who help him train. Pre-reading Questions 2. Do you consider star athletes good role models for young people? I don’t think star athletes are good role models for young people. It’s true that young people like them and can learn certain qualities from them, such as their toughness, good athletic skills, and strong willpower. Burt most of the athletes are only good at sports. They train hard physically, then they rise to fame and get a lot of money easily. This gives the youngsters the illusion that fame and money can come easily without much effort. What’s more some athletes are addicted to drugs or do illegal things now and then, which ruins the overall image of star athletes. Text Organization Para.1 Introduction Para.2-5 Athletes should be role models. Para.6-7 People sometimes expect so much that some athletes don’t want to be role models. Para.8-9 Conclusion Athletes should be role models Sentence Study 1. One of the reasons we get along so well, though, is that we both say what’s on our minds without worrying about what other people are going to think—which means we disagree from time to time. (Line 5) 【译文】尽管如此，我们能相处得很好的原因之一是，我们俩都是心里 想什么，就说什么，不在乎他人会怎么想，这就意味着我们时常会意见 不一致。 The reason is that… 原因是…… reason 后面接表语从句时，多用 that 引导。 【例句】The reason their cars sold so well was that they had a brilliant marketing strategy. Sentence Study 2. … it was clear that without immediate action, she would die from loss of blood and shock. (Line 9) 【句型】此句型中clear 常可被其他形 容词替换 如：it is obvious that, it is true that, it is evident that等 【例句】It is clear that you didn’t win her affection, otherwise she wouldn’t reject your invitation. Sentence Study 2. There are days when I don’t want to pose for a picture with every fan I run into, when I don’t feel like picking up babies and giving them hugs and kisses (no matter how cute they are), those are the days I just try to avoid the public. (Line25) 【译文】有些日子，我并不想同遇见的每个球迷都摆姿 势合影，不想抱起婴儿拥抱、亲吻（无论他们有多可爱）。 处在这种时候，我就尽量避开公众。 Sentence Study 3. I wouldn’t ask whether he lives his life exactly the way I would live it or whether he handles every situation just the way I would handle it. (Line34) 【句型】由 whether 引导的两个从句做 wouldn’t ask 的宾语，构成并列结构； “the way” 在句中意为 “in the same way that” （ 以 与 …… 相 同 的 方 式 ） ， 常 与 “just” or “exactly”连用。 Sentence Study 4. I wouldn’t ask whether he lives his life exactly the way I would live it or whether he handles every situation just the way I would handle it. (Line34) 【译文】但我不会问他是否以我的 那种方式生活，或者是否以我处理事 情的方式来对付每一个局面。 Words & Phrases 1. course (n.) 1) an area of land or water on which a race is held or certain types of sport played 跑马场；球场；场地 【例句】They are responsible for the maintenance of that race course. 2) the path along which something moves; direction of movement taken by someone or something 道路；路线；方向 【例句】 The plane changed its course to avoid storm. 3) a set of lessons or studies 课程 【例句】He has already decided to take that two-year business management course. Words & Phrases 2. follow one’s lead / example 【 例 句 】Many young hurdlers follow Liu Xiang’s lead to pursue their dream to become world champion. 很多年轻田径运动员(hurdlers)以刘翔为自己的榜样去追求自己 的世界冠军梦想。 follow the instructions 按照指示办事 follow someone’s advice 听从某人的劝告 follow the latest fashion 赶时髦 follow in one’s footsteps 步某人的后尘 Words & Phrases 3. pose v. 1) to (cause to) sit or stand in a particular position, esp. in order to be photographed, painted, etc. 使摆好姿势（照相、画像时摆好姿势） 【例句】 Just before the start of this season’s NBA All-Star Game, all the star players posed for a photograph. 就在本赛季的NBA全明星赛即将开始之前，所有的球星在一起合影。 2) to be the cause of (something difficult to deal with); present 造成，形成（难解决的问题） 【例句】The shortage of food poses a threat to the continued existence of this species. 食物短缺给这个物种的生存造成了威胁。 Words & Phrases 4. tolerate (n.) v. 1) to allow (something one does not agree with) to be practiced or done freely without opposition; permit 容忍；宽容；纵容 【例句】 You have made so serious a mistake that could never be tolerated. 2) to suffer (someone or something) without complaining or becoming annoyed 忍受 【例句】He could never tolerate such rumor and curse. Words & Phrases 5. publicity n. 1) public notice or attention 公众的注意 【例句】 Soccer star Beckham and singer Victoria’s family life always gets a lot of publicity. 2) the business of bringing someone or something to the attention of public宣传；推广；广告 【例句】A big publicity campaign to highlight the importance of saving resources will be carried out this Sunday. 本周日会开展一场以关注节约资源为主题的大型宣传活动. Part III Further Development 1. Air your opinion 2. Do they deserve so much Air your opinion Directions: Suppose you are a group organized by the International Olympic committee to discuss some serious problems. Read the following problems and focus on two of them for each group. Problem A: Some athletes take advantage of stimulants or drugs to win. Problem B: To host the Olympics Games sometimes involves dishonesty and bribery between some officials of the IOC and those from cities that are eager to host the games. Problem C: It’s unfair that the winners are not always the best athletes. Sometime some athletes will win just because they are famous and popular. Problem D: Some courtiers hire an international coach at great expense. Meanwhile some famous athletes go abroad and compete on behalf of other courtiers with those from their own homelands. Air your opinion Sample Problem A: Drugs are dangerous and they are forbidden. Athletes should be role models for young sports fans. If they don’t set a good example, perhaps their fans will follow them and take drugs, too. Winning is important, but the spirit of the Olympic Games – peace, friendship and fair play – is more important. Coaches, governments and officials concerned should take measures to prevent this harmful behavior. Air your opinion Sample Problem B: It is a great honor to host the Olympic Games. However, each country or city should respect the spirit of the Olympic Games, and obey the rules to compete with each other. The spirit of the Olympic Games is peace, friendship and fair play. If some countries or cities use illegal ways to attain their aim, the great spirit of the Games will be violated. Air your opinion Sample Problem C: This is a dirty practice and will make people, especially sports fans, indignant. Referees should observe the regulations strictly and develop a down-to-earth attitude towards sports competitions so as to treat each athlete equally. The International Olympic Committee should observe referees’ work carefully, punish regulation violators and dismiss them from the sports ground. Air your opinion Sample Problem D: I don’t think hiring international coaches is always bad. If they are more experienced than the local ones, why not have them help make achievement? Good results really matter. However, it’s pity that some famous athletes choose to work for other countries and compete against those from their own countries. Since athletes stand for their motherlands, they are not individuals any more during international games. Do they deserve so much Directions: Nowadays, star athlete have not only acquired fame but also made a lot of money. Do you think star athletes really deserve what they have got? Discuss the questions in groups and support your answer. The following expressions might be helpful to you. the intensity of training, fierce competition beyond what we can imagine, a vigorous training regime strict coaches, challenging jobs Do they deserve so much Samples: Athletes train very hard. The intensity is beyond what we can imagine. They get up very early in the morning and have a very vigorous training regime no matter how cold or hot it is. Coaches can be very harsh. In fact, very few athletes can get good result in world-class competitions. What’s more, their sports life is comparatively short compared with pop stars, who don’t train as hard as athletes, but earn more and are popular for a longer period of time. I don’t think that’s fair. So in my opinion, star athletes deserve what they get. Do they deserve so much I don’t think they deserve what they get. Most jobs involve strict training and are challenging too, but few people can make as much money as star athletes do. For example, scientists spent time and money to get a good education, and they have to work very hard to be able to make achievement in different areas. Now think about what they get. They can never be as popular as star athletes and their income means nothing as compared with athletes. It’s really unfair. Part IV Translation & Writing 1. Translation Skills 2. Writing Practice Translation Skills 重组法 Translation Skills 重组法的概念较为模糊。当原文的句子比较复杂、逻辑 关系比较混乱的时候，可以尝试此种译法。在理清英语 长句结构、理解原文意义的前提下，把英语长句译为若 干个小分句，摆脱原文语序和句子形式的约束，按照汉 语的叙述习惯重新组合句子。但是在翻译过程中还必须 同时考虑对原文表达意义的轻重、方式以及语气。 Translation Skills e.g. 1. The big problem of comprehension of the English text and the bigger problem of how to express it in rich, present-day Chinese, which ranges from the classical to the oral, both have to be solved in the course of translation. 理解英语文本是一个大问题。既然现代汉语文言口语兼收 并蓄，如何运用如此丰富多彩的文字来表达英语原文 含义是一个更大的问题。这两个问题在翻译过程中都 要得到解决。 Translation Skills e.g. 2. Learning is, in too many cases, a substitute for true knowledge. Books are less often made use of as spectacles with which to look at nature, than as blinds to keep out its strong light and shifting scenery from weak eyes and lazy persons. 书本理应是人们观察自然的透视镜，却常常被视力不佳和 生性懒惰的人用来遮光护眼，好使他们对自然的光芒 和变化的景色视而不见。那种以学识替代真知的人真 是太多了。 Translation Skills e.g. 3. Law-and-order is the longest-running and probably the best-loved political issue in U.S. history. Yet it is painfully apparent that millions of Americans who would never think of themselves as lawbreakers, let alone criminals, are increasingly taking liberties with the legal codes that are designed to protect them and their society. 法律和秩序是美国历史上持续时间最长、也可能是政治上最热门的话 题。然而，如今数以百万计的美国人尽管从来不认为自己会违反 法律，更不用说会成为罪犯，却在越来越随意地践踏那些专为保 护他们和他们的社会而制定的法规。显而易见，这不能不使人痛 心疾首。 Writing Practice Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the following topic: Athletes Should (Not) Be Role Models. In your composition, you should use at least six words or phrases from the box below: participate glory responsibility follow one’s lead contribute role model intensity contribute thanks to performance competitive perfection worship measure up to one’s expectations outweigh positive Writing Practice Athletes Should Be Role Models Whether they like it or not, athletes are role models. If they participate in national or international sports and win, we admire them. We don’t necessarily worship them, but we think about their courage and determination when we are discouraged. Most athletes have qualities that make them good examples for other people. They aim for perfection and have a lot of self-discipline（ 自律）. These are positive characteristics that most people would like to have. Since we live in a competitive world today, we need the qualities that athletes have in order to succeed. Writing Practice Some athletes, however, do not measure up to our expectations. They become greedy and selfish. Perhaps they think that because they are famous they can do anything they want. Even though some athletes become very rich and powerful, they do not take their social responsibility seriously. The role models we choose can come from any walk of life. In a sense, athletes are the center of attention. We can watch their performance on television, or we can read about them in the newspaper. We can also talk about them with our friends. Athletes are like public heroes who can inspire us. Thanks for Your Attention!