smileisland - Our bilingual project

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smileisland - Our bilingual project
We are going to do a tour of some countries of the
world to know its gastronomy and its popular
New Zealand has a notable British
nfluence regarding its food.
New Zealand, a country composed of islands, offers a
wide range of fish and seafood, all of qreat
quality, which influences in a decisive way its culinary
radition, this doesn't mean that there aren't plenty of meat
dishes, especially lamb or pork.
We can mention the kiwi,
amb ...
The majority of new-zealanders eat their main meal in the
evening. The majority of families try to eat dinner
ogether several times a week.
* Lamb is one of the most popular traditional dishes.
It is almost always cooked in the oven together
with potatoes and zapallo ( a type of pumpkin ). It is a
tradition to prepare it every Sunday.
* Fish and chips ( fish with potatoes fried ) is a typical
ood of New Zealand that is served
wrapped in newspaper.
* Hangi Maorí, is a local dish of the
maorí culture, it consists of putting
meat or fish in the oven
accompanied by ( sweet potato ) in
baskets and cooking it underground.
* Fried whitebait is made with
scrambled eggs and small fish and tomatoes.
As a dessert we can choose:
* Pavlova, it's a type of meringue
covered with whipped cream with fruit
on top.
* Lamingtons, a type of spongy
cake covered in chocolate, raspberry
jam or desicated coconut.
* Anzac biscuits.
The most popular drink is beer,it is
served in glasses full up to the top and
without foam. It is also common to
find all tupes of fruit juice.
The Day of Waitangi stands out, it is the national day of
New Zealand and is celebrated
on February 6. This day is
celebrated with concers,
activities for children and
traditional markets.
On Boxing Day they eat the left overs from
Christmas ( Christmas pudding, stuffed or roast
turkey, roast ham, cranberry sauce, cherries,
strawberries etc ).
Food seems to be the core of all the
significantevents ( weddings,
births... )
Some of the original food products from China
* Rice, (constitutes the prop of the
chinese diet ).
* Soy bean, ( constitutes an important part of the
Chinese diet. Both the milk and the sauce are extracted
to be used in seasoning. The soy bean
shoots are used to aceompany many
Chinese dishes ).
* Tea, ( has it´s roots in China. Te is
the national drink of China.
* Chinese ingredients:
The principal ingredients used in Chinese gastronomy
to season are garlic, ginger,
Chinese parsley or corriader
and green onions.
* Sauces and Chinese spices:
Soya sauce, oyster sauce, five spice
powder, rice vinegar...
* Chinese vegetables:
Bok choy, Chinese aubergines, Chinese cabbage,
Chinese broccoli, soy bean shoots, Chinese mushrooms,
bamboo shoots...
* Other basic ingredients:
Pastry for spring rolls, tofu or soya cheese, noodles,
rice noodles.
* A wok is a practical utensil often used
for frying.
* Cleavers and cutting blocks or chopping tables are
excellent for cutting, mincing, crumbling, griding and
crushing any type of food. Sometimes,
knives have a hole in the front part.
* Spatulas are often used for cooking and mixing
ingredients, ladies for frying ( excellent to lift food out
of boiling oil ), long chopsticks for
cooking ( ideal to sauté, fry, beat
eggs, mix noodles and stir ingredients ).
* Bamboo or metal steamers ( to cook in steam ). The
favourite food for eteam cooking is fish, meat or
seafood. One of the most popular dishes
is skeamed fish with ginger, steamed
crab, and of course the famous dim sums.
Traditional steamers are made from
The main methods of cooking are frying, roasting, boiling
and stir frying, which involves stirring all the ingredients
ogether that have been cut into small pieces, over a very
high fire, using very little oil. Cooking
ime is very short, five minutes.
A balanced Chinese food consists of two elements:
- The fan element from starches and cereals ( rice,
noodles ).
- The tsai element that contains meat and vegetables.
A typical table serving includes:
- A bowl of rice.
- Chopsticks.
- A porcelan spoon of soup.
- A plate to put under the bowl of rice used for bones
and discarded food.
- Small plate for sauces.
- Cup of tea.
A typical Chinese meal normally consists of various
”strong plates”. Usually all the plates are brought to the
table at the same time and everybody helps themselves.
There are normally a couple of meat dishes, one
vegetable, fish or seafood dish and a soup.
Boiled rice is the central food and the
base for the individual chopsticks that are served.
Desserts are not common. They normally finish off
with fresh fruit. Fortune cookies are not from China,
they are an American invention.
Frozen drinks, sodas or juices are not served with
typical Chinese food. The Chinese enjoy a cup of tea or
soup with their food.
Three delights fried rice.
Pork in sweet and sour sauce.
Won Ton.
Foo Yung.
Chinese mushrooms in vinegar.
Spring rolls.
Prawns in ginger.
Chop suey.
Fried banana.
Quince balls in sesame and coconut.
Shark fin soup ( one of the most famous dishes of the
region ).
Dim sum ( afternoon sandwiches that can be eaten
accompanied with green tea. They
can have various fillings: meat,
chicken, tofu, seaweed, vegetables...
Chinese festivals are based on the lunar calendar. Of all
the traditional Chinese holidays, the most important and
awaited festival is the spring holiday, when the Chinese
New Year is celebrated.
Some other important celebrations are:
* Chinese New Year. This holiday takes a lot of
preparation. Here are some of the
traditional dishes served on New Year´s day
Meat balls for good luck.
Mandarines for prosperity.
Apples for peace.
Sweet rice cake for increased wealth every year.
Fish for abundance.
Vegetables and noodles for a long life.
Chicken for wealth.
Mustard leaves for a good crop.
Soup to make this year better than the
Oranges for money and wealth.
Camaron for abundance.
* Moon holiday or Mid Autumn Festival. This is the
night the moon is at it's brightest. Relatives and friends
meet to enjoy the moonlight and of course to eat moon
* The Lantern Festival. Celebrated on the 15 th of the
first lunar month which coincides with the first full
moon of the year. A typical food for this day is sticky
rice balls stuffed with sweets or meat.
* Dragon Boat Festival. It's a day full of emotion with
the teams competing to cross the finishing line.
A tradition during this holiday is to eat Zongzi ( sticky
rice wrapped in bamboo or cane leaves ).
Apart from these tradictional Chinese holidays, many
local festivals are celebrated like the
festival of Bin Hills in Hong Kong
The gastronomy of Brazil has influences from
parts of Europe, Africa and indigenous people.
It is a rich and very varied diet, every region of
the country, has its own regional dish.
Some typical products of Brazil are coffee, tobacco,
sugar cane, fruits, etc...
The national plate is the feijoada ( made from a based
of vegetables and pork ). It is served with boiled rice,
vegetables and pieces of orange.
The native cooking offers elaborate
fish dishes, exotic fruits such as
Some local dishes of this area are: the tacacá not tucupi
swimming crabs or crabs, duck not tucupi.
The food of the Bay, region of the north-east, is
influenced by African cooking, where there are dishes
garnished with fish and seafood, bananas, coconuts,
roast peppers and oils.
Some dishes are: the vatapá, the cururú, the mosqueca...
The food in the South, it is represented by meats such
as steak, grilled meat and barbequed, this food is
influenced by German and Italian cooking. Some
local dishes of this area are: barreado, steak etc.
The center- west region, the food of Matto Grosso, the
most traditional dishes are loin and ham of pork, rice
with sua, roupa velha, etc...
The southeast region, food of Mines geris, is known
for the cheese it uses ( the queijo of Mines).
As for dessert it is necessary to mentiun fruits such
as mango, bananas, guavas, cherimoyas, etc...
Rich ice creams.
Regarding desserts we have to mentiun brigadeiro, a
dessert with chocolate and vanilla. Ambrosia, a pudding
made with an egg base. There are other sweets like the
guava sweet, papaya sweet and fig sweet.
The national drink is caipirinha made with cachaca
( distilled unmatured brandy from sugar cane ), lime
juice, sugar and ice; beer ( golden and very good ); mate
( tasted like tea but it's aroma is similar to tobacco ) and
fruit shakes. We cannot forget the excellent Brazilian
coffee. The guarana ( made with fruits that are grown in
the amazons ). Cane broth ( juice of sugar cane ).
Coconut milkshake (coconut made from,
rum and sugar, all this is blenden in a
mixer ).
Coconut water ( coconut water not the milk, is very
good for hydrating ).
Popular holidays in Brazil are the most expressive
and richest in the world. Amongst the large amount of
holidays they have we have to mention:
* January, 1st of January, New Year. National holiday.
It´s known world wide as a firework show that is
celebrated on the Copacabana Beach
( Rio de Janeiro ).
* In February, Carnival, though it is celebrated in all the
cities of Brazil, the most famous is that of Rio of
* March/ April, Holy Week, is celebrated in the majority
of towns in Brazil. We have to mention the one that is
celebrated in Brejo's city of the
Mothe of God.
Easter Week ( the week after Holy Week), tradition
of the rabbit (that symbolizes fertility) and Easter eggs.
* In June, Folklork Festival of Bumba-Meu-Boi,
celebrated in Parintins's city ( the amazon) where varied
local dishes are eaten such as
cheese of coalho, roast maize,
canjica, brigadeiro, roast meat and everything
accompanied by a good caipirinha.
* October ( 5 to October 22 )- Oktoberfest in
Blumenau ( Holy Catarina ) German culture holiday
with music, dances and a food festival in where an
average of 500 thousand barrells
of beer are drunk.
A special characteristic is that dishes are put on the
table at the same time, except the soup, which is served
before the food, and the dessert, which completes it.
Morrocan food is one of the richest and most diverse
foods in the world part of this is due to the different
cultures that live in Morroco.
It is usually homemade by women.
It's principal feature is the use of sweet and sour which
cames from the Orient.
Morrocan cooking is very famous,
Overall thanks to the use of natural products.
Morrocan cooking is usually simple and easy to cook,
its main ingredients are usually:
* Cuscous ( semolina )
* Vegetables ( some of the most popular are the
aubergine and garlic ).
Morrocan garlic is different to that from Europe
* Fruits ( the most important are citrus
fruits especially lemons . They also
use a lot of dried fruit, mainly dates and melons.
* Cereals ( is also a principal ingredient, mainly
used for bread, especially the famous pitta bread ).
* Meat ( the most common meat used is lamb or chicken)
* Fish and seafood ( usually cooked or fied ). To get good
ishdishes you should go to the coastal areas.
* Spices ( it is a fundamental food and used a lot in
morrocan cooking examples of some
spices are cinnamon, pepper, minta,
saffron, black pepper, and cummin.
Morrocans prefer to use aromatic plants and natural
herbs such as cilantro o parsley, basil, mint, onion or
* Tea ( is one of the drinks consumed the most
n Morroco. They drink it up to six times a day.
Morrocan desserts are well known.
The principals ingredients are dates
honey, almonds, walnuts, sesame....
Morrocans tend to eat with three fingers of his right
hand. They eat with their hands. The food is taken in a
low table with people lying on the floor. Women often
eat separately and at different times of the men. This
well seen sipping tea or burp loudly
high after eating. Morrocans tend to
eat three meals.
One of the most indispensable elements fo the
preparation of stews is Tajin.
Other instrument widely used clay
s the Tangier in which products are cooked.
The couscous is made in a cuscuseras.
Some of the common tools in traditional Moroccan
cuisine are the Ghorbal, the chtato, the
Magla ( sort of pan ), the Tanja ( pot )
There are many types of soups such as Harira
served every day during the month of Ramadan.
There are very typical dishes like Bissara is a puree of
The moroccan dish par excellence is the tablet of
darling.( pastela )
The most famous dish is couscous.
Other typical dishes are: the kebabs, the baddaz, the
Among desserts are chebakia, bahlawa.
Concerning the drinks should be noted especially tea.
Juices abound in the country especially orange juice.
Also consumed almond milk.
* Feast of lamb. Lasts two days. The festival is a ritual
animal sacrifice, a lamb, so that later the meat can be
eaten. On this day we eat lamb.
* Ramadán. Holy month for muslims. The month of
fasting. Men and women should stop eating and
drinking ( fasting ), perfume, sex and smoking from
sunrise to sunset. Harira eats, dates, sweet,..
The most common meat is beef and pork usually served
grilled and with varius sauces and toppings, as we
discussed before with vegetables.
Where fish is concerned, it is very
typical in coastal area.
Salmon is the most typical fish either salmon or salmon
One of the most typical dishes is fish and chips which
people eat in the streets.
Another dish is from Cornwall, the
pasty. It is a meat pie with vegetables and potatoes.
Roast beef and hyorkshire pudding is considered a
national dish.We can
define English cuisine as
the quality of its roast served with
different, elaborate sauces.
Some examples of desserts are pancakes, fruit pies,
chocolate and cheese.
* Mothering Sunday. This festival in the UK is the
equivalent of Mother´s Day in other countries. Mothering
Sunday is a time when children pay respect to their
Mothers. Children often give their Mothers a gift and a
Simnel Cake:
* Pancake Day. Pancake Day ( also know as Shrove
Tuesday ) is the last day before the period which
Christians call Lent. It is traditional on this day to eat
A pancake is a thin, flat cake, made of batter and fried
in a pan.
* Good Friday. On this day, Christians remenber the
day when Jesus was crucified on a cross. It is a
traditional to eat warm ” hot cross buns ” on Good
Friday. Hot Cross Buns with their combination of spicy,
sweet and fruity flavours have long been an Easter
The pastry cross on top of the buns
symbolises and reminds Christians
of the cross that Jesus was killed on.
Breakfast is the most important meal of the day. It is
usually eaten twice a day.
Breakfast - is one of the most abundant of the world, it is
always served with a lot of ingredients: tomatoes,
sausages, embultidos, bacon, fried or scrambled eggs,
chips etc. All this along with coffee
or tea and orange juice.
Afternoon snack-- is at tea time ( the tea is served with
muffins or pastries cookies...)
Enghish used to eat the cutlery
( knife, fork, spoon ).
For tea ( cups, teapot )
This island is located in the Pacific.
It is an exotic island.
Its inhabitants are very
hospitable with tourists.
The main ingredients the island are:
cuscous, pineapple, coconuts, tea,
turkey, rice, kiwi...
1. What are the national products of New Zealand?
2. What are the typical dishes of Morocco?
a) Harira.
b) Cuscous.
c) Pavlova.
d) Roast beef.
3. Name two popular Chinese festivals
4. What is the most important meal of the day for the
5. What are the typical products of Brazil?
Jose Antonio
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