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Dentalization rule

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Dentalization rule
2. Phonological processes,
phonological rules and
distinctive features
A  B / X_Y
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2.1 Assimilation
2

Nasalization, dentalization, and
velarization are all instances of
assimilation, a process by which one
sound takes on some or all the
characteristics of a neighboring sound.


If a following sound is influencing a preceding
sound, we call it regressive assimilation.
The converse process, in which a preceding
sound is influencing a following sound, is
known as progressive assimilation.
3
English Fricative Devoicing
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
/v/  [f]


[-nasal]  [+nasal] / ____ [+nasal]
Dentalization rule:


voiced fricative  voiceless / ____ voiceless
Nasalization rule:


/z/  [s] etc.
[-dental]  [dental] / ____ [dental]
Velarization rule:

[-velar]  [+velar] / ____ [+velar]
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2.2 Epenthesis, rule ordering and
the Elsewhere Condition



a hotel, a boy, a use, a wagon, a big man,
a yellow rug, a white house
an apple, an honor, an orange curtain, an
old lady
Epenthesis (Insertion) Rule:
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Plurals in English
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8
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




a. The [] appears after voiceless sounds.
b. The [] appears after voiced sounds.
c. The [] appears after sibilants.
//  [] / [–voice, C] _____ (Devoicing)
  [] / [+sibilant] _____ [] (Epenthesis)
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Rule ordering
11

The Elsewhere Condition
The more specific rule applies first.
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