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Primate Cities pros and cons

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Primate Cities pros and cons
The Law of the Primate City
•The primate city is commonly at least twice as large as the next
largest city and more than twice as significant.
Mark Jefferson, 1939
The City of Angels
FACTOIDS
•
Capital city of for more than 200 years
•
One of the world's populated cities
•
Registered population of over 5.5 million (Estimated actual population of up to 8 million)
•
1,568 sqkm area
•
Recently has seen explosive growth of urbanization
•
Growth started recently, in the fifties and sixties
Bangkok – Example of a Primate City
• Urban Primacy - where the
largest city is a many times
larger than the second city.
• A huge dichotomy exists
between Bangkok (5.9
million) and Thailand's
second city, Nakhon
Ratchasima (278,000).
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1st Qtr
2nd Qtr
Examples of Countries With Primate Cities
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France
UK
Mexico
Thailand
The United Kingdom
Factors Encouraging Primacy
• Favourable initial advantages for site
• Advantages maintained and enhanced
• Magnetic attraction for businesses, services and
people (cumulative effect)
• Disproportionate growth increases attractiveness
• Has a parasitic effect, sucking wealth, natural
and human resources.
For & Against Primate Cities in
an LEDC like Bangkok
FOR
• They attract overseas investment and
benefits that will eventually benefit the
whole country
AGAINST
• They are unstoppable monsters that create
serious problems, shortages and escalating
land prices that make them less attractive
places to live in.
Urban Problems In Bangkok
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Flooding
Refuse
Transport
Recreation
Pollution
Poor Planning
Finance
Conflicting demands
Rapid urbanization
Examples of Countries that Lack
Primate Cities
•
•
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•
India
U.S.A.
China
Canada
Australia
Brazil
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