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DR _ word _ leap _1

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DR _ word _ leap _1
Unit 6
A woman can learn anything a man can
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Teaching procedure
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News words & grammar
Reading comprehension
News words & grammar
• Words and phrases to drill (p168)
• Difficult sentences
$
$
• 1.
When I was a kid, everything in my
bedroom was pink. I have two sisters and
we had a complete miniature kitchen, a
herd of My Little Ponies and several Barbie
and Ken dolls. We didn't have any toy
trucks, G.I. Joes or basketballs. We did
have a Wiffle-ball set, but you would have
been hard-pressed to find it in our
playroom. Tomboys we weren't.
$
• 2.
So some people may find it ironic that I grew up to
be a mechanical engineer. In fact, I am the only female
engineer at my company. In order to get my college
degree, I had to take a lot of math and science classes. I
also had to work with a team of students as part of a
national competition to convert a gas-guzzling SUV into a
hybrid electric vehicle--that's where I learned how to fix
cars. I'm proud to say that I got A's in all my classes,
including multivariable calculus and differential equations.
I've always been pretty good at math and design, but I
didn't understand where that could take me. I was
expected to go to college, but no one ever told me I'd
make a good engineer someday.
$
• 3.
When I was in high school, I didn't
know the first thing about engineering. I
couldn't have distinguished a transmission
from an alternator. The car I drove needed
some work but I was afraid to take it to the
mechanic. Because honestly, the mechanic
could have shown me an electric can
opener and said, "This is part of your car
and it's broken--pay me to fix it," and I
wouldn't have known any better.
$
• 4.
At the end of my junior year of high
school, I heard about a summer program
designed to interest girls in engineering.
The six-week program was free, and
students were given college credit and a
dorm room at the University of Maryland. I
applied to the program, not because I
wanted to be an engineer, but because I
was craving independence and wanted to
get out of my parents' house for six weeks.
$
• 5.
I was accepted to the program and I
earned six engineering credits. The next year I
entered the university as an engineering major.
Five years later I had a degree and three decent
job offers.
• 6.
I can't help shuddering when I hear about
studies that show that women are at a
disadvantage when it comes to math. They imply
that I am somehow abnormal. I'm not, but I do
know that if I hadn't stumbled into that summer
program, I wouldn't be an engineer.
Reciting
$
• 7.
When I was growing up I was told, as
many students are, to do what I am best at.
But I didn't know what that was. Most
people think that when you are good at
something, it comes easily to you. But this
is what I discovered: just because a subject
is difficult to learn, it does not mean you
are not good at it. You just have to grit your
teeth and work harder to get good at it.
Once you do, there's a strong chance you
will enjoy it more than anything else.
$
• 8.
In eighth grade I took algebra. On
one test I got only 36 percent of the
answers correct. I failed the next one, too. I
started to think, Maybe I'm just no good at
this. I was lucky enough to have a teacher
who didn't take my bad grades as a
judgment of my abilities, but simply as an
indication that I should study more. He
pulled me aside and told me he knew I
could do better. He let me retake the tests,
and I pulled my grade up to an A.
$
• 9.
I studied a lot in college, too. I had moments of
panic while sitting underneath the buzzing fluorescent
lights in the engineering library on Saturday afternoons,
when I worried that the estrogen in my body was
preventing me from understanding thermodynamics. But
the guys in my classes had to work just as hard, and I
knew that I couldn't afford to lose confidence in myself. I
didn't want to choose between my femininity and a good
career. So I reminded myself that those studies, the ones
that say that math comes more naturally to men, are
based on a faulty premise: that you can judge a person's
abilities separate from the cultural cues that she has
received since she was an infant. No man is an island. No
woman is, either.
$
• 10.
Why are we so quick to limit ourselves? I'm not
denying that most little girls love dolls and most little boys
love videogames, and it may be true that some people
favor the right side of their brain, and others the left. But
how relevant is that to me, or to anyone, as an individual?
Instead of translating our differences into hard and fast
conclusions about the human brain, why can't we focus
instead on how incredibly flexible we are? Instead of
using what we know as a reason why women can't learn
physics, maybe we should consider the possibility that
our brains are more powerful than we imagine.
$
• 11.
Here's a secret: math and science
don't come easily to most people. No one
was ever born knowing calculus. A woman
can learn anything a man can, but first she
needs to know that she can do it, and that
takes a leap of faith. It also helps to have
selective hearing.
$
decent: adj.
1. 可接受的,像样的, 过得去的;
2. 得体的,体面的;
3. 可观的,相当好的
Identify the meaning of ”decent” in the following
examples.
The hospital has no decent equipment.
a decent wage
That dress isn't decent.
3
2
1
imply: vt.
express or state indirectly 暗含,暗指
His gesture implied satisfaction.
他的手势意味着他满意了.
What does the author imply?
What can we infer from the dialogue?
$
stumble into
1)
$
fall into by accident, 绊倒,跌倒
不一会儿他绊跌到捕熊人设的陷阱里。
In a moment he stumbled into a trap set by a
bear-catcher.
2)
step into accidently 步入
As young people stumble into society, they often
face confusion and illusion(错觉).
When it comes to 当谈到
$
Carol is no match for her mother when it
comes to cooking.
卡罗尔在烹饪方面不是她妈妈的对手。
Translation: (p174)
他这人话不多,但要说玩电脑那他就太机灵了,
同学们都不是他的对手。
He is a man of few words, but when it comes to
playing computer games, he is far too clever for his
classmates.
indication: n.
$
a sign that something will happen, is true, or exists
迹象,指示
1. There seems to be every indication
that there will be an earthquake.
所有迹象似乎都表明将要发生地震。
2. Not being able to ask any questions can be an
indication of a larger problem.
一个问题也提不出来表明存在更大的问题。
leap:
$
1) n. a sudden jump 跳, 跳跃; (fig 比喻) rapid increase
or change 激增; 骤变:
big leap in the price/oil production
价格、石油产量激增
That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap
for mankind.
2) v. jump vigorously; move quickly
A frog leapt out.
My heart leapt for joy at the news.
听到这个消息我激动万分。
$
take a leap of faith
勇敢一试
冒险一试
convert: vt.
$
change the nature, purpose, or function of something
转换,改建,改装(某事的形式或者用途)
The room was converted from a kitchen to a lavatory.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
We are descending now, the lavatory has been
closed.kinds
To beof
safe,
please
fasten
seat belts,
bring
Many
clean
energy
areyour
converted
into
your seatsince
backs they
and tables
the environmental
upright position
electricity,
cause toless
and open the window shades. All electronic devices
pollution.
should be turned off.
Thank you!
distinguish: vt.
$
recognize the difference between (people or things)
People who cannot distinguish between colors are
said to be color-blind.
这对双胞胎长得很像, 无人能分
辨出谁是谁。
The twins are so alike that no one can distinguish
one from the other.
~ (between) A and B; ~ A from B
=tell sth./sb apart
区分、辨别
$
• distinguish: vt
• distinguished: adj
• (used of persons) standing above others in
reputation;
• our distinguished professor
prefixes
$
1. miniature
mini-: of small size, length 小的, 短的:
2. transmission
trans-:
across; beyond
横穿; 通过; 超越;
into another place or state 进入另一处或另一状态
$
Exercise: Identify the meaning of the following
words and expressions.
minibus, miniskirt, minicab
小型汽车,迷你裙,小型出租车
trans-racial adoption(领养),
transplant,
Transformer,
transport
跨越种族领养,
移植(器官),移种(植物);
变形金刚;
运输,运送
$
• Challenging your brain!
Useful Expressions
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1. 把…改成
convert… into…
2. 对…一无所知
don’t know the first thing about…
3. 把…区分开来
distinguish… from…
4. 渴望独立
be craving independence
5. 不禁不寒而栗
can’t help shuddering
6. 处于劣势
at a disadvantage
7. 在…方面
when it comes to…
$
8. 偶然闯进
stumble into
9. 轻而易举地把它学好
it comes easily to somebody
10. 咬紧牙学好它
grit your teeth to get good at it
11. 极有可能
there’s a strong chance that
12. 把成绩提高到A
pull the grade up to an A
13. 恐惧的时候
moments of panic
14. 基于
be based on
$
15. 文化熏陶
cultural cues
16. 人不是孤岛
No man is an island
17. 毫无疑问, 不可否认
There’s no denying that…
18. 与…相关联
be relevant to
19. 不容改变的结论
hard and fast conclusions
20. 生来就懂
be born knowing
21. 有敢冒风险而为的精神
take a leap of faith
22. 有所选择地听别人的话
have a selective hearing
News words & grammar
• Words and phrases to drill (p168)
• Difficult sentences
$
$
We did have a Wiffle-ball set, but you would have been
hard-pressed to find it in our playroom.
1. What is the function of “did” in this sentence?
“Did” here is used for emphasis. It means “确实”
This sentence is a concessive clause (让步状语从句)
with an emphatic “did”.
e.g.:
Contemporary women do enjoy lots of rights, but
complete gender equality is still a dream to be
realized.
$
Tomboys we weren’t.
1. Paraphrase the sentence.
We weren’t boyish girls.
2. Analyze the sentence pattern.
这个句子是个倒装句,起到的是强调
“tomboys”这个宾语的作用。倒装句有很多用
法。
Little did he say at the meeting.
Out rushed the girl.
Only then did he realize his mistake.
I couldn’t have distinguished a transmission
from an
$
alternator. ..Because honestly, the mechanic
could have shown me an electric can opener
and said, “This is part of your car and it’s
broken — pay me to fix it,” and I wouldn’t
have known any better.
What is the function of the pattern “ could/would have
done” here?
This pattern is the use of subjunctive mood. (虚拟语气
在该句中,此句型的应用表示对过去事情的假设。
暗含“要是你给我一个变速器和交流发电机,我也
分辨不出来。”;“要是我开车去修,修车师傅会
…”; “要是修车师傅说…, 我也不知道他在敲诈。
Comprehension
• Part Division of the Text
• Game---Q&A
• Further discussion
$
Part Division of the Text
Parts
1
Para(s).
1~6
2
7~9
3
10~11
$
Main Ideas
The author didn’t expect to become an
engineer as she was growing up.
The author realizes that she has succeeded
because she was not limited by the common
belief that women can’t be good at math and
science.
The author urges us to focus on the flexibility
and power of our brain, not gender
differences.
Game---Q & A
$
• 每组选取一个问题(10’), 由一位代表负责
读题(纸条),其他组员回答
• 若该组不能回答或答错,则改问题变为抢
答(5’),分数由答对的小组获得
Choose a lucky number
$
$
• 1. Where can we find this sentence in the text : “The
car I drove needed some work but I was afraid to
take it to the mechanic.”
• There are two questions:
• ① What does “work” here refer to?
• It refers to necessary repair or maintenance the car
needed.
• ② Why was the author afraid to do so?
• Because she didn’t know anything about engineering,
not to mention how to fix a car.
$
• 2. Where can we find this sentence in the text : “I can’t help
shuddering when I hear about studies that show that women
are at a disadvantage when it comes to math.”
• There are two questions:
• ① what does “shudder” mean? Try to explain the meaning in
English
• Shake uncontrollably; tremble with fear or disgust
• ② Why did the author shudder?
• Because the studies clearly indicate that a normal woman
can’t beat a man in the aspect of math, only abnormal ones
could do well in math, but the author is really good at math.
$
• 3. Is the learning process easy for the author?
• In your opinion, what kinds of things could the
author gain from this process? (at least list five
things)
• Open-ended.
• Tips : the knowledge of engineering
•
a sense of accomplishments
•
a strong sense of self-confidence
•
a strong mind
•
an ability of independent thinking
$
• 4. Where can we find this sentence in the text : “I had
moments of panic while sitting underneath the buzzing
fluorescent lights in the engineering library on Saturday
afternoons, when I worried that the estrogen in my body was
preventing me from understanding thermodynamics.”
• There is one question:
• How do you understand “the estrogen in my body was
preventing me from understanding thermodynamics”?
• This part means being a woman may prevent the author from
understanding a subject which is usually regarded as a male
subject.
$
• 5. Where can we find this sentence in the text : “No man is an
island. No woman is, either.”
• There are two questions:
• ① how do you understand this sentence?
• No man is an island was said by an English poet named John
Donne, which means no one can live an isolated life without
being affected by others.
• ② what does the author try to emphasize?
• In this sentence, by changing the famous quotation, the
author consciously ignores the fact that “man” refers to all
the human beings, the author focuses on “woman”.
$
• 6. Where can we find this sentence in the text : “So I reminded
myself that those studies, the ones that say that math comes more
naturally to men, are based on a faulty premise: that you can
judge a person’s abilities separate from the cultural cues that she
has received since she was an infant.”
• There are two questions:
• ① What do the studies indicate?
• They indicate that a woman’s ability is dependent on her nature,
not on her nurture or her efforts.
• ② What does “cultural cues” refer to?
• Cultural cues refer to indirect suggestions as to how to behave
appropriately picked up through observing others, in short,
exterior atmosphere or nurture.
$
• 7. Where can we find this sentence in the text : “A
woman can learn anything a man can, but first she
needs to know that she can do it, and that takes a leap
of faith. It also helps to have selective hearing.”
• There are two questions:
• ① What does “takes a leap of faith” mean?
• It refers to “taking the risk of being wrong”.
• ② What does “selective hearing” mean?
• It means that when people give your advice, you should
decide by yourself on which one you would follow or
ignore.
$
• 8. The author suggests in part one that she stumbled
into engineering. Try to find evidence in the text. You
can turn to p165 for help.
• … , she was not a tomboy.
• …, but not to an engineering department.
• …, she didn’t know the first thing about engineering.
• …, but because she craved independence from her
parents.
• … already earned her six credits in engineering.
$
• 9. The author seems to suggest that she didn’t
become an engineer entirely by accident. Try to find
evidence in the text. You can turn to p165 for help.
• … at math and design.
• … she participated in a national competition to
convert an SUV into a hybrid electric vehicle.
• … work harder at it.
• … that she should study more.
• … had to work hard at coursed she found difficult,
which encouraged her to keep going.
Further discussion
$
Research task & discussion:
$
• Presenting with the ppt (5min/)
• Each team chooses one or two aspects, and finds out
as many reasons as possible behind the inequity
• Discussing after the presentation
$
ppt
陈述
语言
内容
对其他小组
的评论
原因 组员 见解
美观
发音 自然 流畅
表意 语法 现象
探讨 参与 新颖
准确 大方 清晰
清楚 正确 陈述
*
度 深刻
5
5
10
10
10
10
10
20
10
总分
100
10
原因探讨*评分细则:1.条理清晰,分点阐述,占 5分
2.充分利用各种数据、图表,并标明来源,占 10分
3.分为“先天原因”和“后天原因”两大方面进行分析,占 5分
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