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Era of Protest & Change Movements of the 1960`s and 1970`s

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Era of Protest & Change Movements of the 1960`s and 1970`s
Era of Protest &
Change
Movements of the
1960’s and 1970’s
DO NOW: How do you
define counterculture?
Counterculture: (define)
• Adopting values that are “counter” to
mainstream American culture
• “Rebelled” in the following ways (ex.)
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Dress
Hair
Music
Behavior-”sex, drugs, rock – n – roll”
Communities
Protests
Religion (Eastern exploration)
Counterculture or “Hippies”
• Questioned authority
• Question traditional boundaries
• Distrust government
• Question and rebel against social norms of
their parents generation
Counterculture or “Hippies”
• Valued:
–Youth- DO NOT TRUST ANYONE
OVER 30!
–Spontaneity
–freedom of expression
–Peace, love, happiness
–“freer attitude”
• **DO NOT NEED TO COPY**
• Percentage of students who agreed with the
statement, "The war in Vietnam is pure
imperialism"
• 1969
16%
1970
41%
• Percentage of students calling themselves
"radical or far Left"
1968
4%
1969
8%
1970
11%
Visual Comparisons
What events led to the counterculture
movement?
1. The “Beat” Movementfreedom from materialism (recall
“consumerism” of 1950s)
2. Civil Rights Movementincreased idea of social &
political protest
Answers:
3. Anti-war movement
(Vietnam)
4. Baby boom - after WWII the
large # of college students alone
impacted “social change”
“Hippies”
• (Consider) How young people looked was
somewhat symbolic of their way of
thinking-”non-conformity”
• Typical values:
– The “trinity”- sex, drugs, rock-n-roll
– Peace and love
– Freedom
– Etc.
Use of drugs
• The experimental use of drugs has a
significant impact on the counterculture
(CC) movement
• Timothy Leary –
– Harvard researcher
– “invented” LSD (acid)
– Advocated to “tune in, turn on, drop out”
– Idea was-open your mind, experimentation
1967-“Summer of Love”
• San Francisco- about 2,000 people
gathered at Haight Ashbury – hippie
movement (“peace & love”)
• Very high rates of drug use led to:
– 1. Increased crime
– 2. Increase in the generation gap – a lack of
understanding between older/younger
people
Sexual Revolution
• What were some of the
“traditional restrictions”
regarding sexual behavior
BEFORE this movement?
(think 1950s)
Sexual Revolution
• **One of the strongest indicators
of the generation gap. (WHY do
you think???)
– i.e. 2/3 of Americans over 30
reject premarital sex
– Under 30- majority did not
– This is a shift from 1950s
Sexual Revolution
A. “reject” traditional family life
B. New living patterns (nonnuclear)
C. Communes-small communities
where people have common
interests & share resources
Impact on society, family life,
politics, etc.???
• In 1955 only 6% of white teenage
childbearing occurred outside of marriage;
today it is 42%. (Impact on family life?)
• US: Teenage Pregnancy Rate, Birth Rate
and Abortion Rate 1972 – 2005 « small-m
• Trends-discuss sheets/stats.
Impact on society, family life,
politics, etc.???
• Another important impact:
• Helped to spark the
Environmental Movement
• (read Extreme Town examples)
Religion & Spirituality
• Recall: “traditional Christian values” –
i.e.- up until 1962 school started with a
daily prayer. What type of prayer?
• Counterculture movement:
– Seek “enlightenment” – i.e. – transcendental
meditation
– Explore – Buddhism, Hindu, Dao, etc.
– Idea to live in “Harmony with nature” – like
Native Americans
Music & Art
• What role does music play in depicting
culture? (Think historically & currently)
• Music & Art-plays a large role in
movement. Why?
– Music & Art tend to reflect popular culture
(what is going on at the time)
– Music themes: protest, anti-war,
– **Listen, lyrics, discuss
Music
• “Rock & Roll” – increase popularity =
changed culture
• Rock became “a weapon of cultural
revolution” – radical change
• Common Themes of music =
– reject traditions
– Reject political parties
– Protest
– Question authority
– Distrust government
– Freedom
– Experimentation – “sex, drugs, rock-n-roll”
Music’s “Evolution”
• Early 1960’s vs. late 1960’s = postmovement vs. during movement
• Listen to examples:
– Beatles- early/late
– Beach Boys
– Etc.
Woodstock
•
•
•
•
•
August 15, 16, 17th 1969
600 acres in Bethel, NY
Largest gathering of music in History
3 Days of peace, love, music
Almost 500,000 people watch over 25
bands
• Tickets were pre-sold but the directors
made it free after 1st day
Woodstock
• Many thought it would be disastrous
• It was not – aside from overuse of drugs
the festival turned out to be peaceful
Impact =
• Became the icon of the 1960s Hippie
Counter Culture
•How did the trends of
the counterculture
movement contribute
to its downfall?
Answers
• 1. extreme excesses
• 2. disillusionment (did it change
what they wanted to change?)
• 3. drug addictions
• 4. death – drug overdoses, etc.
(Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, Jim
Morrison)
• 5. A 1969 Music Festival
– Rolling Stones were getting ready
to play
-- Hells Angels were hired for
“security”
-- Black man ended up getting
stabbed
-- Impact = contradictory to “peace,
love”
-- People began to view as shallow,
self-centered, over indulgent
Overall Impact - examples
• Created the “Woodstock
Generation”
• Growing “rights” revolution
• Helped lead to the environmental
and other movements
• How else might it have impacted
the U.S. socially, politically?
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