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赛
List of Tennis 事
Tournaments
Key Words
tournament
锦标赛,联赛
The Four Grand Slam
四大满贯
ITF :International Tennis Federation
国际网球联合会,网联
ATP :Association of Tennis Professionals
职业男子网球联合会
WTA :Women‘s Tennis Association tour
女子职业网球协会
The Main Organizations
★ ITF (International Tennis Federation 国际网球联合会,网联)
HQ:
London
Duties: 1.It‘s responsible for all matters relating to tennis tournament;
2.Develop and modify rules of tennis;
3.Open training courses for tennis coaches of developing countries;
4.Coordinate matches of Juniors , Adult and Seniors.
★ ATP (Association of Tennis Professionals 职业男子网球联合会)
HQ:
America
Duties: 1. Coordinate the partnership between professional players and events;
2.Organizing and managing professional players’ score, ranking, bonus
distribution
3.Set out rules and the granting or cancel qualification
★ WTA (Women‘s Tennis Association tour 女子职业网球协会)
HQ: Florida
Duties:it’s responsible for all matters about the players
☆ The Four Grand Slam
四大满贯
ⅡTeams 团体赛
☆ Davis Cup (men’s)
戴维斯杯即世界男子网球团体赛
☆ Fed Cup (women’s)
联合会杯即世界女子网球团体赛
☆ Hopman Cup (mixed teams)
霍普曼杯
ITF
ⅠTournaments 锦标赛
组
织
的
赛
事
What is Grand Slam ?
The four Grand Slam tournaments, also called the Majors, are the most
important tennis events of the year in terms of world ranking points,
tradition, prize-money awarded, and public attention. They are:Australian
Open 、French Open 、Wimbledon 、US Open.
A singles player or doubles team that wins all four Slam tournaments in the
same year is said to have achieved the Grand Slam. If the player or team
wins all four consecutively, but not in the same calendar year, it is called a
Non-Calendar Year Grand Slam. Winning all four at some point in a career,
even if not consecutively, is referred to as a Career Grand Slam, while
winning the four majors and a gold medal in tennis at the Summer Olympics
has been called a Golden Slam since 1988, when Steffi Graf accomplished
that feat in a single calendar year.
Grand Slam
Period
时间
Tournaments
赛事
Location
地点
Surface
场地
January~
February
1~2月
Australian Open
澳网
Melbourne
墨尔本
Hard (Plexicushion)
硬地(较硬)
May-June
3~5月
French Open
法网
Paris
巴黎
Clay
红土
June-July
6~7月
Wimbledon
温网
London
伦敦
Grass
草地
AugustSeptember
8~9月
US Open
美网
New York City
纽约
Hard (DecoTurf)
硬地(较软)
■Australian Open .Sunshine
Australian Open is the youngest one of
the Four Grand Slam. It began in 1905.
The competition is held annually from
January to February in Melbourne,
Australia National Tennis Center. In
1968l, it was listed as one of the four
Opens. It is the same as the U.S. Open
with a hard tennis court, which is helping
for the base line driving、top spin or
back spin.
Australian position itself as the Grand
Slam in Asia Pacific region and encourage
more Asian players to participate. The
central court --- Laver Stadium has a
retractable roof and seating to
accommodate 10000 people. The
Australian Open during a time when the
local summer, the players must have the
stamina to cope with.
■French Open. Fairy Tales
French Open began in 1891. It usually
starts from late May turn to early June
each year. Competition will take place in
a Large stadium which is named Roland
Garros in the west of Paris. Since it
became the court of the French Open in
1927, it has been the Holy Land for the
Word-famous tennis players.
French Open's clay is the red paradise
that many players dream of. The red
clay is suitable for bottom-line-type
players. So, a match often can play for
four to five hours. In this kind of
site ,players are quite difficult to win,
they need to have superior skills and
lasting endurance.
■Wimbledon Open. Epic
Wimbledon Open is the oldest and most
prestigious one of the four Opens. It
was founded in 1877. The grass pitches
are Wimbledon’s features. Play the ball
on the grass, the ball goes faster. There
is almost no arc and very low-lying when
the ball falls to the grass.
To play in the Wimbledon grass, players
must have a kind of strong offensive-mind.
The winners are almost the players who
are tactical flexible. Audience are quite
enjoyable here.
■ U.S. Open. Blues
U.S. Open began in 1881, Newport,
Rhode Island in the United States .It
is usually held between August to
September. The site is hard-surfaced
pitches. Such kind of pitches reflect
speed and power. To win the race, the
athletes must have a good physical
condition.
The U.S. Open attracts many players
to participate. Although its influence
is not as wide as Wimbledon Open,
but its higher than the Australian
Open or French Open.
The Tournaments Arranged by ATP
★The Masters
★International Series Gold
ATP
★international tournament
组
织
的
赛
事
The Tournaments Arranged by ATP
The Women's Tennis Association (WTA) divides the
main women's tournaments into several categories.
Premier Tournaments is a new category for tennis
tournaments on the 2009 WTA Tour.
The Premier Tournaments are replacing Tier I and
Tier II events except that the number of those
tournaments is being reduced to 20 (from 26 Tier
I/II events). Tier III and IV are replaced with the
International Tournaments category.
WTA
组
织
的
赛
事
NOTE-TAKING
Terms
网球拍 : racket
拍柄粗细 : grip size
拍框厚度 : construction
材料构成 : composition
开放式站位 : open stance
关闭式站位 : closed stance
上网型球员 : net player
拍颈 : throat
拍柄 : handle
缠把 : grip
拍面 : racket face
直线球 : down the line shot
斜线球 : crosscourt shot
进攻 : attack
落点 : placement
钛金属 : titanium
碳纤维 : graphite
玻璃纤维 : fiberglass
握拍法 : grip
正手击球 : fore hand
反手击球 : back hand
正手挥拍 : forehand swings
反手挥拍 : backhand swings
环状引拍 : circular backswing
直线引拍 : flat backswing
发球 : service or serve
抛球 : ball toss
抽球: drive
截击 : volley
平击球 : flat
上旋球 : top spin
下旋球 : back spin
随挥 : finish
步法 : foot work
转体 : nip rotation
拍面角度 : vertical face
Terms
分 : point
局 : game
盘 : set
局点 : game point
盘点 : set point
赛点 : match point
破发点 : break point
0分 : love
15分 : fifteen
30分 : thirty
40分 : forty
15平 : fifteen all
平分 : deuce
占先 : advantage
发球占先 : advantage server
接发球占先 :advantage
receiver
名次 : ranking
球童 : ball boy (ball kids)
主裁判 : chair umpaire
司线员 : linesmen
司网裁判 : net ,cord judge
脚误裁判 : foot fault judge
比赛开始 : play ball
两跳 : not up
交换发球 : change service
交换场地: change sides
三盘两胜 : the best of three
五盘三胜 : the best of five
第一轮 : the first round
四分之一决赛 : quarterfinals
半决赛 : semifinals
预赛 : qualifying matches
决赛 : final
单打 : singles
双打 : doubles
混双 : mixed doubles
抢7局 : tie-break
外卡 : wild card ( WC )
种子选手 : seeded players
正选选手 : main draw players
球穿网 through
平局决胜制 tie-break
时间到 time
抛球、挑边 toss
强烈旋转球 twist
截击、拦网 volley
收拍 wind up
Thank
you!
~Sunny
Fly UP