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新视野第四册课件十

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新视野第四册课件十
New Horizon College English
Unit 10 : Section A
How to Cultivate “EQ”
新视野
Pre-reading Activities
Text Analysis
Main idea and
Structure
Expressions & Patterns
Summary
How to apply to our real
life the typical expressions
and patterns taken from
the text
Exercises
Blank filling
All the exercises
for Section A
议论文与说明文写
作技巧
Writing
II. Text Analysis:
Main Idea and Structure
New Words & Text
Main Idea & Structure
New Words
Main Idea
Text
Structure
Main Idea of Each Part
Part Ⅰ
Part Ⅱ
Part Ⅲ
Part IV
New Words
New Words
• EQ
• IQ
• incorporate
• maturity
• trigger
Back
Phrases and Expressions
• make a contribution to
• sort through
• aim at
• on purpose
• in the act of doing (sth.)
• take note of
• set aside
• reflect on/upon
• pull away from
• keep at
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New Words
Back
Proper Names
•
•
•
•
上一页
Daniel Goleman
Emotional Intelligence
Time
Karen Boylston
下一页
Text
Back
How to Cultivate “EQ”
Para. 1
What is the most valuable
contribution employees make to their
companies, knowledge or judgment? I say
judgment. Knowledge, no matter how broad,
is useless until it is applied. And application
takes judgment, which involves something of a
sixth sense—a high performance of the mind.
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Para. 2
This raises interesting questions
about the best training for today’s business
people. As Daniel Goleman suggests in his new
book, Emotional Intelligence, the latest
scientific findings seem to indicate that
intelligent but inflexible people don’t have the
right stuff in an age when the adaptive ability
is the key to survival.
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Para. 3
In a recent cover story, Time magazine
sorted through the current thinking on intelligence
and reported, “New brain research suggests that
emotions, not IQ, may be the true measure of
human intelligence.” The basic significance of the
emotional intelligence that Time called “EQ” was
suggested by management expert Karen Boylston:
“Customers are telling businesses, ‘I don’t care if
every member of your staff graduated from
Harvard. I will take my business and go where I
am understood and treated with respect.’”
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Para. 4
If the evolutionary pressures of
the marketplace are making EQ, not IQ, the
hot ticket for business success, it seems
likely that individuals will want to know
how to cultivate it. I have a modest proposal:
Embrace a highly personal practice aimed
at improving these four adaptive skills:
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Para. 5
Raising consciousness. I think
of this as thinking differently on purpose.
It’s about noticing what you are feeling
and thinking and escaping the conditioned
confines of your past. Raise your
consciousness by catching yourself in the
act of thinking as often as possible.
Routinely take note of your emotions and
ask if you’re facing facts or avoiding them.
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Para. 6
Using imagery. This is what you
see Olympic ski racers doing before entering
the starting gate. With their eyes closed and
bodies swaying, they run the course in their
minds first, which improves their performance.
You can do the same by setting aside time each
day to dream with passion about what you
want to achieve.
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Para. 7
Considering and reconsidering
events to choose the most creative response to
them. When a Greek philosopher said 2,000
years ago that it isn’t events that matter but
our opinion of them, this is what he was
talking about. Every time something
important happens, assign as many
interpretations to it as possible, even crazy
ones. Then go with the interpretation most
supportive of your dreams.
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Para. 8 Integrating the perspectives of others.
Brain research shows that our view of the
world is limited by our genes and the
experiences we’ve had. Learning to
incorporate the useful perspectives of others is
nothing less than a form of enlarging your
senses. The next time someone interprets
something differently from you—say, a
controversial political event—pause to reflect
on the role of life experience and consider it a
gift of perception.
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Para. 9
The force of habit—literally the
established wiring of your brain—will pull
you away from practicing these skills. Keep
at it, however, because they are based on
what we’re learning about the mechanisms
of the mind.
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Para. 10
Within the first six months of life
the human brain doubles in capacity; it
doubles again by age four and then grows
rapidly until we reach sexual maturity. The
body has about a hundred billion nerve cells,
and every experience triggers a brain
response that literally shapes our senses. The
mind, we now know, is not confined to the
brain but is distributed throughout the body’s
universe of cells. Yes, we do think with our
hearts, brains, muscles, blood and bones.
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Para. 11
During a single crucial threeweek period during our teenage years,
chemical activity in the brain is cut in half.
That done, we are “biologically wired” with
what one of the nation’s leading brain
researchers calls our own “world view”. He
says it is impossible for any two people to
see the world exactly alike. So unique is the
personal experience that people would
understand the world differently.
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Para. 12
However, it is not only possible to
change your world view, he says, it’s actually
easier than overcoming a drug habit. But you
need a discipline for doing it. Hence, the
method recommended here.
Para. 13 No, it’s not a curriculum in the
sense that an MBA is. But the latest research
seems to imply that without the software of
emotional maturity and self-knowledge, the
hardware of academic training alone is worth
less and less.
上一页
II. Text Analysis:
Main Idea and Structure
Back
What is the text mainly about?
The new research shows that EQ may be crucial
for business success. To cultivate our EQ, our
effort should be aimed at improving four adaptive
skills: raising consciousness; using imagery;
considering and reconsidering events to choose the
most creative response to them; and integrating
the perspectives of others. As long as we keep at
such effort, we can make it, for they are based on
our knowledge about the mechanisms of the mind.
In effect, without EQ, IQ alone is worth little.
II. Text Analysis:
Main Idea and Structure
Back
How is the text organized?
The author begins his article with a pointed
question, thereby bringing up the topic, his ready
answer—a high performance of the mind or EQ.
Then he devotes most of his ink to how to cultivate
EQ through listing four adaptive skills and why
the skills go a long way towards the cultivation of
EQ through explaining the mechanisms of the
mind. Finally, he reaches a conclusion that,
without EQ, IQ alone is worth less and less, which
in turn reemphasizes the role of EQ.
For details
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II. Text Analysis:
Main Idea and Structure
EQ is the hot ticket for business
Part 1 (Paras.
1-3)
The
introduction
of
EQ.
success.
Four adaptive skills need to be
Part
2 (Paras.
4-8)
Proposals
(four
skills)
to
cultivate
it.
improved to cultivate EQ.
The four Part
skills3are
based
on
the
(Paras.work.
9-12)
Why
the
four
skills
mechanisms of the mind.
Without EQ,
academic
training
Part
4
(Para.
13)
Conclusion: reemphasis on EQ.
alone is worth less and less.
Back
II. Text Analysis:
Main Idea and Structure
Back
Main idea?
Part I
(Paras. 1-3)
Part II
Part III
Part IV
According to some new research,
EQ, compared with IQ, renders
businessmen more adaptable and
more able to succeed. Under the
changing pressure of the market,
therefore, it is the hot ticket for
business success.
Devices for developing it?
General-specific (总分法)
For details
Back
General statement:
This
partvaluable
is organized
in a generalThe
most
contribution
for employees
to illustrate
the
tospecific
make ismanner
not knowledge
but judgment,
significance
EQ for employees
the a
which
involvesofsomething
of a sixth in
sense,
world
of business.of the mind.
high
performance
Specific details:
details
• The book Emotional IntelligenceForsays
that the
latest scientific findings prove that intelligent
but inflexible people in our age don’t have the
adaptive ability.
• According to Time magazine, emotions may
be the true measure of human intelligence.
返回
II. Text Analysis:
Main Idea and Structure
Main idea?
Part I
Part II
(Paras. 4-8)
Part III
Part IV
Since EQ is the key to business
success, four skills are listed for
individuals to cultivate it.
Devices for developing it?
Listing (列举法)
For details
Back
Back
If EQ is the hot ticket for business success, here
is a LIST of four adaptive skills to cultivate EQ.
1.
consciousness.
4.
2. Raising
Integrating
Using
imagery.
the
others.
3.
Considering
andperspectives
reconsidering
events to
By applying
listing
to theofdevelopment
Raise
by catching
choose
theyour
mostconsciousness
creative
response
to them.
of
this
part,
the
author
makes
the
four
Learning
Set aside time
to incorporate
each day and
others’
imagine
useful
with
yourself
in the
actclear
of thinking;
take note of
adaptive
skills
at
a
glance.
passion,
perspectives
with
your
is _______________________
nothing
eyesimportant
closed,
less than
about
a form
________
whatofyou
When
something
happens,
_____________________________
what
you are thinking and feeling and ask
______________.
want
____________________.
enlarging
to achieve
your interpretations
senses When some
one
assign
as
many
to
it
as
______________________________________
whether you are facing facts or avoiding
For details
interprets
something
differently,
consider
it
possible
________,
even
crazy
ones.
Then
go
with
the
them.
a gift of perception
__________________.
interpretation
most supportive of your
dreams.
返回
II. Text Analysis:
Main Idea and Structure
Back
Main idea?
Part I
Part II
Part III
(Paras. 9-12)
Part IV
It is possible to cultivate EQ through
the improvement of four adaptive
skills, because they are based on the
mechanisms of the mind. So long as
you have a discipline for practicing
the skills, it is actually easier than
overcoming a drug habit.
Devices for developing it?
Explanation (解释法)
For details
Back
(Para. 9) Keep at it, however, because they are
based on what we’re learning about the
mechanisms
of
the
mind.
Explanation is used in this part to
confirm
practicability
(Para.
10) Thethe
mind,
(Para. 11)of
We are
cultivating
EQ by “biologically
practicing the
fourwith
we now
know, is not
wired”
confined
the brain inour
ownII.
“world
skillstomentioned
Part
This view”.
but makes
is distributed
Everyone
the world in
very convincing
the sees
proposal
throughout
theatbody’s
of “keep
it”. a unique way as their
universe of cells.
experience has molded
their thinking. For details
(Para. 12) With a discipline, however, we can
change our world view, thus improving our skills.
返回
II. Text Analysis:
Main Idea and Structure
Back
Main idea?
Part I
Part II
Without EQ, academic training
alone is worth less and less.
Devices for developing it?
Part III
Part IV
(Para. 13)
In this small part, the notable feature
is the use of metaphor: emotional
maturity and self-knowledge being
the software, and academic training
the hardware.
III. Expressions & Patterns
A. Expressions
1. to raise questions
about sth.
2. to have the right
stuff
3. to sort through
4. to be the true
measure of…
5. the hot ticket for
success
6. to embrace a highly
personal practice
>more
B. Patterns for you
to use as models
1. Typical patterns for
revealing
interrelations
between things
2. Typical patterns for
advancing one’s
advice
>more
III. Expressions & Patterns
Back
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
to escape the
conditioned confines of
your past
in the act of doing sth.
to take note of
to do sth. in one’s mind
to dream with passion
about sth.
to choose the most
creative response to sth.
to assign many
interpretations to
14. to go with the
interpretation
15. to integrate the
perspectives of others
16. nothing less than
17. to reflect on sth.
18. to pull sb. away from
doing sth.
19. to keep at sth.
20. to trigger a brain
response
21. to shape one’s senses
22. to need a discipline for
doing sth.
III. Expressions & Patterns
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1. 提出了关于······的问题
 to raise questions about sth. (L. 5)
活学活用
将这些劣质或被污染的
食品的公开曝光使人们
对食品卫生产生了新的
担忧。
Public exposure of the bad or contaminated
foods raised new fears about food sanitation.
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2. 具有······才能/素质
 to have the right stuff (for/to do)… (L. 7)
活学活用
没有人天生就有顶尖成功
者的素质;而关键在于其
后天所学得的知识和技能。
No one is born with the right stuff for a top
achiever; what matters lies in his/her
acquired knowledge and skills.
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3. 整理······;捡出······
 to sort through… (L. 9)
活学活用
在信息爆炸的时代,能
从大量信息中找出所需
信息,这本身就是财富。
In the age of information explosion, it is wealth
itself to sort through masses of sources and
sort out the needed.
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4. 是衡量······的真正尺度
 to be the true measure of… (L. 10)
活学活用
实践是检验知识的真正
尺度。
Practice is the true measure of knowledge.
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5. 走向成功的通行证
 the hot ticket for success (L. 15)
活学活用
在过去十年中, MBA证
书是美好事业前程的通
行证。如今,它已不如
以前炙手了。
In the last decade, an MBA diploma was the
hot ticket for a bright prospect in career.
Now, it begins to cool down.
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6. 积极进行自我训练
 to embrace a highly personal practice (L. 18)
活学活用
要想成功的话,一个人
应该积极地进行自我训
练,而不是随大流混日
子。
In order to succeed one has to embrace a
highly personal practice and not to go with
the tide and fool around.
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7. 摆脱往事带来的种种限制
 to escape the conditioned confines of your
past (L. 24)
活学活用
她的故事证明,创造性
的关键取决于能否冲破
固有知识的限制。
Her story has born out the truth that the key to
being creative depends on whether or not to break
through the confines of one’s existing knowledge.
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8. 正在做某事时
 in the act of doing (sth.) (L. 25)
活学活用
真是说曹操曹操就
到;大家正在夸你
能干,你就来了。
Just as the saying goes, you can hear the
fluttering of an angel’s wing in the act of
mentioning him. As we are praising your
capabilities, you come on the scene.
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9. 注意;注意到
 take note/notice of… (L. 26)
活学活用
注意他人身上的优点
并克服自身的缺点,
你会天天向上。
Take notice of the merits in others and get
rid of the demerits in yourself and you will
make progress every day.
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10. 在头脑中做某事
 to do sth. in one’s mind (L. 29)
活学活用
一味空想,不干实
事,注定一无所获。
It is bound to gain nothing to act only in
your mind and do no down-to-earth work.
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11. 带着激情想象一番某事
 to dream with passion about sth. (L. 31)
活学活用
人们发现,不时地带着激情
想象你生活中光明的一面极
有助于你未来的成功。
It turns out that occasionally dreaming with
passion about the bright side of your life goes
a long way towards your success in the future.
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12. 对某事作出最富创意的反应
 to choose the most creative response to sth.
(L. 34)
活学活用
一般说来,你对周围事
物作出的反应可以表明
你的生活态度。
In general, what response you choose to the
things around you can serve as an indication
of your attitude towards life.
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13. 多方面看问题;从多个角度解释某事
 to assign many interpretations to sth. (L. 34)
活学活用
从尽可能多的角度看待
自己遇到的问题,就可
能找到最佳的解决方案。
By assigning as many interpretations to one’s
problem as possible, one is likely to hit upon
the best solution to it.
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14. 照着那种理解去做
 to go with the interpretation (L. 35)
活学活用
她一会儿这么说,一会儿那
么说,搞得大家无所适从。
She spoke differently on
different occasions so that
everybody got confused, not
knowing what to go with.
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15. 综合考虑/吸纳别人的看法
 to integrate/incorporate the perspectives
of others (L. 37; L. 38)
活学活用
企业在进行重大决策时要综
合考虑各方意见,既有董事
的意见,也有员工的意见。
In critical decision-making, an enterprise needs
to incorporate the ideas of all sides, including
employees as well as directors.
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16. 简直就是;无异于
 nothing less than (L. 39)
活学活用
对商界而言,以诚信
为代价牟取暴利无异
于自掘坟墓。
As far as the business world is concerned, seeking
big profits at the cost of honesty is nothing less
than a form of bringing ruin upon itself.
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17. 考虑;沉思
 to reflect on/upon (L. 41)
活学活用
值得深思的是,这位清华园的
年轻厨师在托福考试中何以考
得630分。
What is worth reflecting on is how the young
cook from Tsinghua University got 630 points
in TOEFL test.
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18. 妨碍某人做某事
 to pull sb. away from doing sth. (L. 42)
活学活用
妨碍这个学生进步的
正是他的不良习惯和
缺乏毅力。
What pulls the student away from moving
forward is nothing but his bad habit and lack
of perseverance.
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19. 继续做某事;坚持干某事
 to keep at sth. (L. 43)
活学活用
只要你坚持你的追求,
幸运女神会不期而至。
As long as you keep at what you are striving
after, the Goddess of Luck will drop in
unexpectedly.
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20. 激发大脑的反应
 to trigger a brain response (L. 47)
活学活用
常常只有刻骨铭心的痛才
会使人顿悟自己生活中一
去不复返的东西的意义。
More often than not, it is the pain engraved
on one’s mind that can trigger one’s sudden
insight into the meaning of what has gone
out of one’s life for ever.
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21. 影响着人的感知
 to shape one’s senses (L. 48)
活学活用
近期的一次问卷调查
表明,大众媒介左右
着公众对时事的看法。
A recent questionnaire suggests that mass
media shape public opinions on current
events.
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22. 做某事需要训练
 to need a discipline for doing sth. (L. 57)
活学活用
和友谊一样,创造性思
维也是可以培养的,但
需要训练。
Creative thinking, like friendship, can be
cultivated. But a discipline is needed for
nurturing it.
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1. Typical patterns for revealing interrelations
between things:
原句: And application takes judgment,
which involves something of a sixth sense—
a high performance of the mind. (L. 3)
而知识的应用需要判断力,判断力涉及某
种第六感觉—是思维的高度运用。
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句型提炼
Sth. takes/needs/calls for/requires sth.
else, which involves/entails…—…
某一事物需要另一事物,而另一事物又
涉及到······ —即······
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应用:a. 正义感需要智
勇双全,而智勇双全又
涉及到诸多其它因素—
—即同情心、判断力、
法律知识等。
The sense of justice calls for a good
combination of wisdom and courage, which
involves lots of other factors—sympathy,
judgment, knowledge about the law, etc.
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应用:b. 智力的开发需
要情商的培养,而情商的
培养又涉及到适应性技能
——自我意识、自我激励、
自我控制和与人沟通能力
的改善。
The development of intelligence requires the
cultivation of EQ, which entails the improvement
of adaptive skills—self-awareness, self-motivation,
self-control and communication skills.
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2. Typical patterns for advancing one’s advice:
原句: Every time something important
happens, assign as many interpretations to it
as possible, even crazy ones. Then go with the
interpretation most supportive of your
dreams. (L. 34)
每当发生重要事情时,要尽可能多方面地看
问题,甚至作超乎寻常的理解,然后照着最
有利于自己理想的那种理解去做。
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句型提炼
1. Every time sth. + adj. happens, do as + adj.
+ n. + prep. + it as possible, even… one(s).
Then go with… most supportive of your
dreams.
每当发生······事情时,要尽可能······,甚
至······,然后照着最有利于自己理想
的······去做。
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(划线部分可替换)
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应用:a. 每当发生不顺
心的事情时,要尽可能作
出积极的反应,哪怕是过
于乐观的反应,然后照着
最有利于自己心态平和的
反应去做。
Every time something unhappy happens, choose
as positive a response to it as possible, even an
over-optimistic one. Then go with the response
most supportive of the peace of your mind.
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III. Expressions & Patterns
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应用:b. 每当发生棘
手的事情时,要想出尽
可能多的解决办法,哪
怕是离奇的办法,然后
照着最有利于自己发展
的办法去做。
Every time something sticky happens, work
out as many cures for it as possible, even
fantastic ones. Then go with the cure most
supportive of your advancement.
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III. Expressions & Patterns
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原句: The next time someone interprets
something differently from you —say, a
controversial political event —pause to reflect
on the role of life experience and consider it a
gift of perception. (L. 39)
下次如果有人对某件事与你有不同的看法,
比如某个有争议的政治事件,停下来想想这
其实是生活阅历使然,应把它看作一种感知
能力的馈赠。
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句型提炼
2. The next time…(从句)—say, …—
pause to… and consider it (as)…
下次如果······,比如······,停下
来······,应把它看作······
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应用:a.下次如果下属对
你群起而攻之,比如严厉
批评你武断,停下来想想
它的积极意义,应把它视
为自己做人的一面镜子。
The next time your men all turn against you—
say, a harsh criticism on your arbitrariness—
pause to reflect upon its positive significance
and regard it as a mirror of your conduct.
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应用:b.下次如果你的努
力以失败而告终,比如又
失恋了,停下来反思一下
自己的所作所为,应把它
看作是经验的馈赠。
The next time your efforts end in failure—
say, another failure in love games—pause to
reflect on your behavior and consider it a gift
of experience.
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III. Expressions & Patterns
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原句: The force of habit—literally the
established wiring of your brain—will pull you
away from practicing these skills. Keep at it,
however, because they are based on what we’re
learning about the mechanisms of the mind.
(L.42)
习惯的力量——严格说就是头脑里已建立的思维
方式——会妨碍你操练这些技能。然而要坚持下
去,因为它们是以对思维机制的认识为基础的。
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句型提炼
3. The force of…— literally…— will….Keep
at…, however, because…
······的力量——严格说就是······ ——
会······。然而要坚持······,因为······
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应用:a. 诱惑的力量—严格说
就是你内心的渴望—会驱使你
背离做人的原则。然而你要坚
持下去,因为它们会使你的人
生完美。
The force of temptation—literally your inner
desire—will steer you away from acting on your
principles of conduct. Keep at it, however,
because they will lead your life to perfection.
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III. Expressions & Patterns
应用:b. 亲情的力量——
严格说就是血缘关系——
会妨碍你秉公办事。然而
你要坚持下去,因为你代
表的是人民的利益。
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The force of emotional attachment—literally
the ties of blood—will pull you away from
acting justly. Keep at it, however, because you
are representative of the people’s interests.
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IV. Summary
Emotional Intelligence (or EQ) is what
____ we
to
use, as individuals, when applying judgment __
compared to the
solving problems. IQ can be ___________
process
hardware of our brain: how fast we _______
store it. EQ
information and how well we can _____
similar to the software of our minds:
is more _________
what we do with
____ the information to come to a
decision Emotional Intelligence (or EQ), which
_______.
defined as the role emotions
can broadly be _________
determining our perception of the
play in ___________
affects our
world and how this perception ______
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IV. Summary
conclusions. That involves something of a sixth
performance of the mind. In a
sense— a high ___________
sense our brains process information in
literal _____
differ from person to person.
habitual ways that __________
level of maturity, self-awareness
Every one’s ____
therefore we all
and experiences are different; ________,
see the same problem differently. A high level of
to
EQ suggests
_______ an ability to easily adapt
________
changes, to understand
__________ other people’s points of
well to others as individuals.
view and to relate
___________
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V. Exercises
Comprehension
《读写教程4》EX: II, P. 258
Vocabulary
《读写教程4》EX: III, P. 258
《读写教程4》EX: IV, P. 259
Collocation
《读写教程4》EX: V, P. 259
Word Building
《读写教程4》EX: VI, P. 260
《读写教程4》EX: VII, P. 261
Structure
《读写教程4》EX: VIII, P. 262
《读写教程4》EX: IX, P. 262
Translation
《读写教程4》EX: X, P. 262
《读写教程4》EX: XI, P. 263
III. Exercises--Comprehension
Back
《读写教程 IV》: Ex. II, p. 258
II. Answer the following questions.
1. Why does the author believe that judgment
rather than knowledge is the most
important contribution employees make to
their companies?
Because he believes that knowledge is
useless until it is applied. And application
of knowledge takes judgment.
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III. Exercises--Comprehension
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2. What stuff do intelligent but inflexible people
lack according to Daniel Goleman?
The ability to adapt./The adaptive skills.
3. What is the author’s suggestion for people who
want to develop their emotional intelligence?
Accept a highly personal practice to improve the
four adaptive skills: raising consciousness, using
imagery, considering and reconsidering events
to choose the most creative response to them
and integrating the perspectives of others.
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4. What should people do to raise their
consciousness according to the author?
Thinking differently on purpose. It involves
noticing what you are feeling and thinking and
escaping the conditioned confines of one’s past.
5. Why do Olympic ski racers close their eyes, sway
their bodies and imagine themselves running the
course before entering the starting gate?
Because by doing this they can improve their
performance.
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III. Exercises--Comprehension
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6. Why does the author suggest integrating the
perspectives of others?
Because your view of the world is limited
by your genes and experiences you’ve had
and by integrating the perspectives of
others you can enlarge your senses.
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III. Exercises--Comprehension
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7. What does our ability to think and reason
involve according to the author?
The author believes that our ability to think
and reason is not confined to the brain but
is distributed throughout the body’s
universe of cells and we think with our
hearts, brains, muscles, blood and bones.
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III. Exercises--Comprehension
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8. What does the author mean by saying
“without the software of emotional maturity
and self-knowledge, the hardware of
academic training alone is worth less and
less”?
By saying this, the author means without
cultivating emotional intelligence, the
academic training is useless.
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V. Exercises--Vocabulary
Back
《读写教程 IV》: Ex. III, p. 258
III. Fill in the blanks with the words given
below. Change the form where necessary.
consciousness confine capacity controversial
incorporate sort
maturity mechanism
perspective
trigger cultivate recommend
1. Computer-based communications, or
telecommunications, can offer many
educational opportunities; therefore, educators
will need to adapt current teaching methods to
__________ these new media into the classroom.
incorporate
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V. Exercises--Vocabulary
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consciousness confine capacity controversial
incorporate sort
maturity mechanism
perspective
trigger cultivate recommend
2. Since its release, Dr. Goleman’s Emotional
Intelligence has ________
triggered heated debates on
the importance of EQ in one’s success in
work and in life.
3. Due to different life experiences and social
perspectives on an
backgrounds, people’s ___________
event may vary from person to person.
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V. Exercises--Vocabulary
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consciousness confine capacity controversial
incorporate sort
maturity mechanism
perspective
trigger cultivate recommend
cultivating emotional
4. Dr. Goleman believes that _________
intelligence will become more and more
important as business and communication
continually evolve in the new millennium(千年).
5. When psychologists began to write and think
confine it to
about intelligence, they used to _______
cognitive (认识能力的) aspects, such as memory
and problem-solving.
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consciousness confine capacity controversial
incorporate sort
maturity mechanism
perspective
trigger cultivate recommend
6. The purchase of 500 tanks is part of a
capacity by
strategy to increase military ________
25% over the next five years.
Controversial as EQ is, the company has
7. ____________
attached much importance to the
development of emotional intelligence of
its staff.
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V. Exercises--Vocabulary
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consciousness confine capacity controversial
incorporate sort
maturity mechanism
perspective
trigger cultivate recommend
8. Working in a refugee camp and seeing
the sufferings of the war victims had
consciousness
helped to raise his political ____________.
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V. Exercises--Vocabulary
Back
《读写教程 IV》: Ex. IV, p. 259
IV. Fill in each of the blanks in the following
sentences with a suitable preposition or
adverb.
1. He believes that emotional intelligence
represents a way in which IQ psychologists
can make particularly significant
contributions _____
to their clients in the
future.
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2. We know it’s easy to say, but you’ll soon
start to see and feel the benefits of dieting.
Keep ____
at it and you will succeed.
3. So just when she was four years old, little
Joanna was confined ____
to hospital for two
years while the operations took place.
4. A special period should be set ______
aside solely
for the purpose of carrying out an
inspection.
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5. His suicide has been partly assigned ____
to
lack of on-campus therapy for emotional
problems.
6. We can begin to understand this vital
principle he argued for when we reflect
________
on/upon how we have been emotionally
wounded in the past.
7. The child tried to pull _____
away from his
mother’s comforting arms, but she held
fast.
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8. They have obviously taken note ____
of what
they have seen on campus and what they
have thought to bring you this wonderful
educational program.
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V. Exercises--Collocation
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《读写教程 IV》: Ex. V, p. 259
V. Look at the following sentence taken from
your reading text. Just think about what
other words you can use to modify
“pressure” and fill in the sentences with the
right word.
e.g. If the evolutionary pressures of the
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marketplace are making EQ, not IQ, the
hot ticket for business success, it seems
likely that individuals will want to know
how to cultivate it.
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V. Exercises--Collocation
Back
1. However, it is unwise to seal them off
completely with tape as changes in
atmo______
atmospheric pressure may cause damage
to some instruments.
2. Drink more than this and you run the risk
blood pressure, which in
of developing high bl___
turn can lead to a heart attack or a stroke.
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intense pressure from
3. It was under in_____
congressional Democrats that the White
House announced yesterday that President
Bush will ask Congress for an additional $200
million grant for Poland, almost doubling his
previous request.
4. Mr. Badran, a former intelligence chief, has
public pressure to bring in
bowed to pub___
democratic reforms and investigate people
blamed for the country’s economic crisis.
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5. The laboratory, one of the four run by the
Science and Engineering Research Council,
has come under increasing fina_____
financial
pressure as its annual budget has fallen
sharply in real terms.
6. And in the light of the recent Beverley
Lewis tragedy, Adrienne Baker puts the
case for self-help groups to relieve the
enormous pressure felt by
isolation and enor_____
the mothers of handicapped (有缺陷的)
children.
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V. Exercises--Collocation
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7. Furthermore, the very notion of selfdetermination implies the need to exclude
any out____
outside pressure on a country.
8. During the interview she said nothing about
personal pressure she had felt in her
the per_____
work these years.
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V. Exercises—Word Building
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《读写教程 IV》: Ex. VI, p. 260
VI. The prefix multi- can be added to nouns and
adjectives to form new adjectives. Adjectives
formed in this way express the idea that
there is a large number of a particular thing,
or a large amount of a particular quality.
For example, a “multinational” company is
one which operates in a number of countries.
multicultural: including
multi + cultural
multi + storey
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people who have different
customs and beliefs
multi-storey: having
several levels
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V. Exercises—Word Building
Back
Now study the meaning of the words given
below and then complete the following
sentences with some of them.
multimedia
multipurpose multi-choice
multi-circle
multiparty
multicolored
multinational multicultural multimillion
multi-dimensional
multicolored
1. Outside, the bright lights and ___________
signs blinked and gleamed in the cold
darkness.
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V. Exercises—Word Building
multimedia
Back
multipurpose multi-choice
multi-circle
multiparty
multicolored
multinational multicultural multimillion
multi-dimensional
2. There is also a section on future planning of
services for ____________
multicultural elders.
3. Nowadays, __________
multimedia means a computer
using different media, such as laser discs,
CD-ROMs, cable TV and who knows what
else.
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V. Exercises—Word Building
multimedia
Back
multipurpose multi-choice
multi-circle
multiparty
multicolored
multinational multicultural multimillion
multi-dimensional
multinational
4. The UN has decided to send a ____________
force to keep peace in the area.
5. Crime is a ________________
multi-dimensional problem: to
find a solution to the problem requires the
joint efforts of our educators, parents and
social workers.
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V. Exercises—Word Building
multimedia
Back
multipurpose multi-choice
multi-circle
multiparty
multicolored
multinational multicultural multimillion
multi-dimensional
6. According to the Time magazine, the
Indian software industry will win the
___________
multimillion dollar contract.
7. In these countries political parties have
had to compete in _________
multiparty and
proportional electoral systems and usually
share power in government.
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V. Exercises—Word Building
multimedia
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multipurpose multi-choice
multi-circle
multiparty
multicolored
multinational multicultural multimillion
multi-dimensional
8. They have just transformed the hall into a
multipurpose sports hall for different
____________
indoor activities such as basketball, table
tennis and volleyball.
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V. Exercises—Word Building
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《读写教程 IV》: Ex. VII, p. 261
VII. The prefix semi- combines with nouns
and adjectives to form new nouns and
adjectives. This prefix has two basic
meanings: 1) exactly half; 2) partly but
not completely.
semi + darkness
semi + annual
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semi-darkness: almost
but not entirely dark
semi-annual: happening
every half year
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V. Exercises—Word Building
Back
Now study the meaning of the words given
below and then complete the following
sentences with some of them.
semi-retired semi-darkness semi-official
semi-skilled semi-conscious semi-detached
semi-final
semi-annual
semi-automatic
semi-permanent
1. He was back in Glasgow again, this time
on a semi-permanent
______________ basis.
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semi-retired semi-darkness semi-official
semi-skilled semi-conscious semi-detached
semi-final
semi-annual
semi-automatic
semi-permanent
semi-finals promised to be two
2. The open __________
very tight games and they did not
disappoint.
3. Then we received information that the
soldiers in their neighboring country have
been armed with semi-automatic
_____________ rifles or
fully automatic rifles.
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V. Exercises—Word Building
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semi-retired semi-darkness semi-official
semi-skilled semi-conscious semi-detached
semi-final
semi-annual
semi-automatic
semi-permanent
4. That house will cost you a lot of money; it is
a _____________
semi-detached house fronted against the
beautiful bay, situated in the heart of this
popular development.
5. The children stared forward into the
semi-darkness of the undergrowth with fear.
_____________
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V. Exercises—Word Building
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semi-retired semi-darkness semi-official
semi-skilled semi-conscious semi-detached
semi-final
semi-annual
semi-automatic
semi-permanent
6. He is in London for a ___________
semi-official threeday visit to promote trade in cars between
the two countries.
7. If the company does not get any new
orders soon, some unskilled and
semi-skilled
__________ workers will have to be laid off.
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V. Exercises—Word Building
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semi-retired semi-darkness semi-official
semi-skilled semi-conscious semi-detached
semi-final
semi-annual
semi-automatic
semi-permanent
8. Johnson, having worked for four different
employers during the past forty years, is
___________ on two-thirds final salary;
semi-retired
now he will have to work on for a few
months to introduce new salesmen to their
areas.
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V. Exercises—Structure
Back
《读写教程 IV》: Ex. VIII, p. 262
VIII. “No matter” is used with who, which,
where, when, and how. Clauses with no
matter who, no matter what, etc. suggest
that the action they refer to will not
make any difference in all circumstances.
Now rewrite the following sentences by
using the “no matter” structure.
Model: Knowledge,
Knowledge isnouseless
until
matter
howit is
broad,
useless
untilit itis isvery
appliediseven
though
applied.
broad.
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V. Exercises—Structure
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1. They smiled almost continuously
regardless of what was said.
They smiled almost continuously, no
matter what was said.
2. I told him to report to me after the job was
completed even though it was late.
I told him to report to me after the job
was completed, no matter how late it was.
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3. You’ll find Coca-Cola wherever you go.
No matter where you go, you’ll find
Coca-Cola.
4. You can get the sum that you’re assured of
according to the legal document regardless
of when you die, whether you’re a hundred
and twenty or whatever.
No matter when you die, whether you’re a
hundred and twenty or whatever, you can
get the sum that you’re assured of
according to the legal document.
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5. He is a very skilled and brilliant player and
also a proper gentleman on the tennis court.
He has great respect for all the players
whether a low ranked or high ranked player.
He is a very skilled and brilliant player and
also a proper gentleman on the tennis
court. No matter whom he plays with,
whether a low ranked or high ranked
player, he has great respect for them.
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V. Exercises—Structure
Back
《读写教程 IV》: Ex. IX, p. 262
IX. When you use “so” with “that”, you can
change the order of the words in the first
clause for greater emphasis. You put “so”
and the adjective at the beginning of the
clause, with the clause in inverted order.
Now rewrite the following sentences
beginning with “so”.
is the
personalis so
Model: So
Theunique
personal
experience
experience
people
would
unique and that
people
would
understand
the world
world differently.
differently.
understand the
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V. Exercises—Structure
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1. His method was very advanced and no
one could match him.
So advanced was his method that no one
could match him.
2. The rate of progress is very rapid and
advance seems to be following on almost a
monthly basis.
So rapid is the rate of progress that
advance seems to be following on almost
a monthly basis.
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3. He was very successful and offers flowed in
from publishers and editors on both sides of
the Atlantic.
So successful was he that offers flowed in from
publishers and editors on both sides of the
Atlantic.
4. Their network was very effective and
workers were able to organize two unusual
nationwide protests.
So effective was their network that workers
were able to organize two unusual nationwide
protests.
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V. Exercises—Structure
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5. The famine was very serious and the United
Nations sent food and water supplies to the
area.
So serious was the famine that the United
Nations sent food and water supplies to the
area.
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V. Exercises—Translation
Back
《读写教程 IV》: Ex. X, p. 262
X. Translate the following into English.
1. 我一直在整理这些旧文件,看看能把哪些
扔掉。
to throw away
have been
sorting through
I’ve been sorting through these old
papers to see what can be thrown away.
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V. Exercises—Translation
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2. 他们继续工作,谁也没有注意到时间的流
逝。
to go on
working
to take no
note of
the passage
of time
They went on working, taking no note of
the passage of time.
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V. Exercises—Translation
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3. 当他记下他所看到的东西时,简直就等于
是说出了真相。
to put down
to speak the truth
nothing less than
He had been speaking nothing less than the
truth when he put down what he had seen.
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V. Exercises—Translation
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4. 随着年龄越来越大,你就开始要考虑生活
中难以预料的事了。
as one gets older…
the uncertainty
of…
to reflect on/
upon
As you get older you begin to reflect on
the uncertainty of life.
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V. Exercises—Translation
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5. 电话的使用仅限于业务往来方面。
the use of
telephone
to be confined to
sth. alone
The use of telephone is confined to
business calls alone.
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V. Exercises—Translation
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6. 我不停地干,终于在凌晨三点干完了。
to keep at sth.
I kept at it and finally finished at 3
o’clock in the morning.
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7. 他弯下身子,滑了一下,伤了背。
in the act of
bending down
to slip
In the act of bending down, he slipped
and hurt his back.
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8. 老年人日托中心为整个公共服务系统
做出了宝贵的贡献。
day centers
for the
elderly
to make a
contribution
to
the public
service
Day centers for the elderly make a
valuable contribution to the overall public
service.
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V. Exercises--Translation
Back
《读写教程 IV》: Ex. XI, p. 263
XI. Translate the following into Chinese.
1. Raising consciousness. I think of this as
thinking differently on purpose. It’s about
noticing what you are feeling and thinking and
escaping the conditioned confines of one’s past.
提高意识程度。我把这看作是思考中有目的
的独辟蹊径。这是指注意自己感受到什么,
在想什么,摆脱掉往日带给自己的种种限制。
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V. Exercises--Translation
2. This is what you see Olympic ski racers
doing before entering the starting gate.
With their eyes closed and bodies swaying,
they run the course in their minds first,
which improves their performance.
这就是奥林匹克滑雪赛手在进入起跑门之
前所做的。他们闭上眼,摆动身体,在头
脑中先把整个滑雪道跑一遍,这能提高他
们在实际比赛中的表现。
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V. Exercises--Translation
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3. Every time something important happens,
assign as many interpretations to it as
possible, even crazy ones. Then go with the
interpretation most supportive of your
dreams.
每当发生重要事情时,要尽可能多方面地看
问题,甚至作超乎寻常的理解,然后照着最
有利于自己理想的那种理解去做。
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V. Exercises--Translation
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4. Learning to incorporate the useful
perspectives of others is nothing less than
a form of enlarging your senses.
学会吸纳他人有用的观点就等于是一种扩
大自己的见识的方式。
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V. Exercises--Translation
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5. The force of habit—literally the established
wiring of your brain—will pull you away
from practicing these skills.
习惯的力量——严格说就是头脑里已建立的
思维方式——会妨碍你操练这些技能。
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V. Exercises--Translation
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6. The mind, we now know, is not confined
to the brain but is distributed throughout
the body’s universe of cells.
我们现在知道,思想活动并不局限在脑部,
而是遍布全身范围的细胞中。
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V. Exercises--Translation
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7. He says it is impossible for any two people
to see the world exactly alike. So unique is
the experience that molded the device with
which they “know”.
他说任何两个人都不可能对外界有完全
一样的看法。个人的体验都是独一无二
的,以至人们对外界的理解都不相同。
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V. Exercises--Translation
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8. But the latest research seems to imply that
without the software of emotional maturity
and self-knowledge, the hardware of academic
training alone is worth less and less.
但最新的研究似乎表明,缺乏情感成熟和自
我了解这一软件,单靠纯学院式的培训这一
硬件是没有用的。
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Ⅵ. Writing
Diagnoses of the Problem with Sb./Sth.
1. 某人/事中存在的问题是······
2. 根据问题的特征说明其成因。
(因果关系说明文)
写作模式
参考范文
写作模式(因果关系说明文)
Back
1) A preliminary diagnosis of sb./sth. can
find that sb./sth. is cursed/troubled mainly with
the problem of... 2) As his/its specific symptoms,
he/it is subject to…, apt to…, and therefore
almost always at the mercy of... 3) A deeper
probe/research/insight into the problem,
however, can reveal something worthy of our
careful consideration.
(划线部分可替换)
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Ⅵ.
Writing
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4) To the best of my insight/knowledge/
understanding, he/it is the product of... (成因说明
I) 5) It turns out that... 6) …, for example,…
while… 7) He/It is also a good mirror of… (成因
说明II) 8) He/It reflects faithfully, but in
expanded dimensions,…
9) And above all, he/it is the victim of... (成因说
明III) 10) According to the experts
concerned,… 11) As a result of this,… 12)
Clearly, an effective cure/remedy for the problem
rests/lies much with…
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(划线部分可替换)
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Ⅵ.
Writing
Back
Diagnoses of the Problem with the
College Student
1) 我国大学生中存在的主要问题是······
2) 根据问题的特征说明其成因。
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Ⅵ.
Writing
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1) A preliminary diagnosis of the modern
college student can find that he is cursed mainly
with the problem of being impulsive. 2) As his
specific symptoms, he is subject to changing
moods, apt to look for immediate results, and
therefore almost always at the mercy of his
wavering confidence in anyone else as well as in
himself. 3) A deeper probe into the problem,
however, can reveal something worthy of our
careful consideration.
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Ⅵ.
Writing
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4) To the best of my insight, he is the product
of the eagerness of this society for quick success. 5)
It turns out that some people in our society are
anxious about immediate benefits. 6) Some
businessmen desire to make their fortune in a flash.
7) He is also a good mirror of the undue
expectations of his parents, teachers, and superiors.
8) He reflects faithfully, but in expanded
dimensions, the weakness and anxiety of those who
failed to realize their life values but now pin excess
hope on him.
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Ⅵ.
Writing
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9) And above all, he is the victim of inadequate
cultivation of emotional intelligence. 10) According
to the experts concerned, our school work has
given too much weight to intellectual training to
cultivate students in IQ. 11) As a result of this,
many a student lacks adaptive skills in the face of
adversity and emergency. 12) Clearly, an effective
remedy for the problem rests much with the
improvement of his EQ, namely a good mixture of
self-awareness, self-control, self-confidence, and
self-motivation.
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THE END
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Text
如何培育“情商”
Para. 1
员工对公司最有价值的贡献是什
么,是知识还是判断力? 我说是判断力。
不管知识面有多宽,如果得不到应用,那就
毫无用处。 而知识的应用需要判断力,判
断力涉及某种第六感觉——是思维的高度运
用。
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Text
Para. 2
这就提出了现今关于企业界人士最
佳培训课程的有趣问题。 正如丹尼尔·戈尔
曼在他的新书《情感智能》中所说,最新的
科研结果似乎表明,在一个适应能力是生存
关键的年代,聪明但缺乏灵活性的人并不具
备这种适应的才能。
Text
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Para. 3
《时代周刊》最近的封面故事列举
了关于智能的一些流行看法,报道说,“新的
人脑研究表明,情感,而不是智商,可能是
衡量人的智能的真正尺度。” 《时代周刊》
称之为 “情商” 的情感智能的根本意义,在
企业管理专家凯伦·波尔斯顿的话中可见一斑:
“顾客对企业说 ‘ 我可不在乎你的每个员工
是否都毕业于哈佛,我只愿与能理解我、尊
重我的企业打交道。’ ”
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Text
Para. 4
如果说市场的进化发展所造成
的压力使得情商,而不是智商,成为企业
走向成功的通行证,那么,人们似乎很可
能希望懂得如何培养情商。我有个小小的
建议:积极进行自我训练,努力提高以下
四项适应性技能:
Text
Para. 5
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提高意识程度。我把这看作是思
考中有目的的独辟蹊径。这是指注意自己感
受到什么,在想什么,摆脱掉往日带给自己
的种种限制。尽可能多地注意到思考时的自
己,以此来提高意识程度。要习惯性地注意
自己的情感,问问自己是在面对事实还是逃
避事实。
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Text
Para. 6
利用意象。这就是奥林匹克滑雪
赛手在进入起跑门之前所做的。他们闭上眼,
摆动身体,在头脑中先把整个滑雪道跑一遍,
这能提高他们在实际比赛中的表现。 我们也
可以这样做,每天留出时间来带着激情想象
一番自己想要获得的成就。
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Text
Para. 7
反复考虑各种事件,并对它们做
出最富创意的反应。2,000年前的一位希腊
哲学家说过,重要的不是事件本身,而是我
们对事件的看法,他说的正是此意。每当发
生重要事情时,要尽可能多方面地看问题,
甚至作超乎寻常的理解,然后照着最有利于
自己理想的那种理解去做。
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Text
Para. 8
综合考虑他人的看法。大脑研
究表明,人们对外界的看法受到遗传基因
及个人经历的局限。学会吸纳他人有用的
观点就等于是一种扩大自己的见识的方式。
下次如果有人对某件事与你有不同的看法,
比如某个有争议的政治事件,停下来想想
这其实是生活阅历使然,应把它看作一种
感知能力的馈赠。
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Text
Para. 9
习惯的力量——严格说就是头
脑里已建立的思维方式——会妨碍你操
练这些技能。然而要坚持下去,因为它
们是以对思维机制的认识为基础的。
Text
Para. 10
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人脑的容量在生命开始的最初六
周增长了一倍,到四岁时又增长一倍,其后大
脑的容量迅速发展直到性成熟为止。人体有大
约1,000亿个神经细胞,每一次经历都会激发
脑部的反应,而这种反应实际上影响着我们的
感知。我们现在知道,思想活动并不局限在脑
部,而是遍布全身范围的细胞中。是的,我们
的确是在用心、用脑、用肌肉、用血液和骨骼
来思考。
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Para. 11
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我们的青少年阶段有一个为期三周
的关键时期,此时脑部的化学反应活动一分为
二。完成了这一变化,正如国内一位重要的大
脑研究人员所说,我们“对外界的看法” 就
“在生理上定型了”。他说任何两个人都不可
能对外界有完全一样的看法。个人的体验都是
独一无二的,以至人们对外界的理解都不相同。
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Text
Para. 12
然而,他说,人们对外界的看法
不仅有可能改变,而且实际上这比克服毒瘾
要容易。但是,要想做到这一点需要训练。
因此我们推荐了上述做法。
Para. 13
这并不是像MBA那样的课程。
但最新的研究似乎表明,缺乏情感成熟和自
我了解这一软件,单靠纯学院式的培训这一
硬件是没有用的。
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