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Islam - Mr Wyka`s Weebly

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Islam - Mr Wyka`s Weebly
A Comparison of
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
Abrahamic Religions
Writing from Notes Assignment
Comparative Religions
1
• TN SPI
– 6.1.3 Recognize the world’s major religions and
their founders (Judaism, Christianity, Islam,
Buddhism, Hinduism, Moses, Jesus, and
Mohammad)
2
Writing Assignment
• You will take detailed notes on this
presentation today.
• Using your notes, you will write an AP level
Comparison essay off the following prompt:
Compare the history and beliefs of two of the
following religions:
Judaism - Christianity - Islam
3
Important
• I can not spend an hour on each slide. Note
only the most important information you will
use tomorrow on your essay.
• Write fast. Write the main point only.
Abbreviate.
• When I click through, I can not go back.
4
• Date and Place founded:
– Judaism – approximately 1300 B.C. around
modern day Israel
• Some say the date is unknown
• Ancient Canaan
– Christianity – approximately A.D. 33 around
modern day Israel
• Ancient Roman province of Judaea
– Islam – A.D. 622 in modern day Saudi Arabia
• Mecca and Medina
Which is the oldest of these three
monotheistic religions?
5
• Founders and Early Leaders
– Judaism – Abraham and Moses
– Christianity – Jesus
– Islam - Muhammad
6
• Followers Called:
– Judaism – Jews
– Christianity – Christians
– Islam – Muslims
• Clergy Called:
– Judaism – rabbis
– Christianity – bishop, pastor, ministers, priest
– Islam - imams
7
• House of Worship
– Judaism – synagogue or temple
– Christianity – church, cathedral, chapel
– Islam – mosque
– Day of Worship
• Judaism – Saturday
• Christianity – Sunday
• Islam - Friday
8
• Original Language
– Judaism – Hebrew
– Christianity – Aramaic and Greek
– Islam – Arabic
• Names of God
– Judaism – Yahweh and Elohim
– Christianity – God, the Trinity
– Islam - Allah
9
• Major Locations TODAY
– Judaism – Europe, Israel, North America
– Christianity – Europe, North and South America
– Islam – Africa, Middle East, and Southeast Asia
10
• Early Expansion
– Judaism – Little expansion mostly confined to
Israel
– Christianity – by the end of the 4th century
Christianity spread across the entire Roman
Empire
– Islam – Within 12 years, entire Arabian peninsula;
after 100 years stretched from Spain to Southeast
Asia
11
• Current Worldwide Followers TODAY
– Judaism – 14 million (ranks 12th)
– Christianity – 2 billion (ranks 1st)
– Islam – 1.3 billion (ranks 2nd)
– In the USA
• Judaism – 5.6 million
• Christianity – 159 million
• Islam – 1.1 million
12
• Sacred Texts
– Judaism – Hebrew Bible
– Christianity – Old Testament and New Testament
– Islam – Qur’an (Koran)
13
• Ultimate Reality (Type of Theism)
– Judaism – One God
– Christianity – One God expressed in a Trinity (God
the father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit)
– Islam – One God
14
• Divine Revelation
How do we know about God?
– Judaism – through prophets recorded in the
Hebrew Bible
– Christianity – through prophets and Jesus as
recorded in the Old and New Testament
– Islam – through God’s final prophet Muhammad
recorded in the Qur’an
15
What is the name of the prophet of Islam?
‫ُم َح َّمد‬
16
How do the 3 faiths view Jesus?
17
• Identity of Jesus
– Judaism – False prophet
– Christianity – Son of God, the Messiah, Savior
– Islam – prophet of Allah (God)
18
Which of the three monotheistic
religions believes that Jesus is
the Son of God?
19
• Death of Jesus
– Judaism – death by Crucifixion
– Christianity – death by Crucifixion
– Islam – Did not die, but ascended into heaven (a
disciple took his place)
20
• Resurrection of Jesus
– Judaism – Denied
– Christianity – Affirmed
– Islam – Denied; since he did not die
21
• Means of Salvation
– Judaism – Belief in one God; good deeds
– Christianity – correct belief, good deeds; by faith
“accept Christ as Savior” (Protestants)
– Islam – Belief in one God; good deeds and follow
Five Pillars of Faith
22
• Afterlife
– Judaism – eternal heaven, or no afterlife
– Christianity – eternal heaven
– Islam – eternal paradise
or
– Judaism - eternal hell, or no afterlife
– Christianity – eternal hell
– Islam – eternal hell
23
• Symbols
– Judaism – Star of David
– Christianity – cross, crucifix
– Islam – crescent with name of Allah in Arabic
24
• View of Fellow Abrahamic Religions
– Judaism – “Islam and Christianity are false
interpretations and extensions of Judaism.”
– Christianity – “Judaism is a true religion, but with
incomplete revelation. Islam has elements of
truth (ie. belief in one God) but is a false religion.”
– Islam – “Jews and Christians are respected as
fellow believers, but with wrong beliefs and only
partial revelation.”
25
Writing Assignment
• Tomorrow, using ONLY YOUR notes, you will
write a brief essay (5 paragraph) describing
the origins, history and beliefs of Judaism,
Christianity, or Islam.
• Your essay will be graded as a test.
26
Writing Assignment
• Using your notes, write an AP level
Comparison essay off the following prompt:
Compare the history and beliefs of two of the
following religions:
Judaism - Christianity - Islam
• Pre-write time.
• Essay tomorrow. Being absent won’t help.
Graded as a test. Does everybody have the
rubric?
27
Women in Islam
• Read the Changing Status of Women section
on page 272.
• Write down 3 positive examples of women’s
roles in Islamic society and 3 negative
examples based on the reading.
• Turn to the students around you and exchange
your work. Read your peer’s work and
critique it, writing down your critique on their
paper. Give it back when finished.
28
Fly UP