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203.02 Space Planning

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203.02 Space Planning
Competency: 203.00
Draw Floor Plans
Objective: 203.02
Analyze accepted principles of single-view
residential space planning.
Determine owner’s needs
 Successful design
 Represents
owner’s lifestyle
 Meets owner’s needs
Client needs
 Considerations and requirements
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Family structure and number
Family or individuals’ interests and activities
Financial considerations
Location of lot
Number of levels
Architectural style
Zoning ordinances and covenants
Levels
 One-story homes
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No stairs
More costly to build
Require large lot
 One & a half story homes
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Steep roof allows attic living space
Dormers let in air and light
Levels
 Two-story homes
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Economical to build
Smaller roof and foundation
area
 Split-level homes
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Ideal for sloping lot
Separate sleeping, living,
recreation areas
Traffic Patterns
 Analyze traffic flow
 Main traffic areas
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Halls
Stairs
Foyers
Entrances to rooms
Exterior entrances
Traffic Patterns
 Halls
 Minimum
width of 3’-0”
 Allow for furniture movement
 Overly long halls waste space
 Door locations
 Guide
traffic
 Locations
 Doors
& openings near corners
Entrances
 Minimum of 2
 Outside & inside waiting area
 Porch
& Foyer
 Flooring materials
 Sturdy
& cleanable
 First impression
Entrances
 Main
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3’-0” minimum door
width
Easily identifiable
Coat closet
Foyer
View to outside
 Service
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Leads to laundry,
kitchen, utility
areas, etc.
2’-8” minimum
width
Room Planning
 Living area
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Living room
Dining room
Foyer
Recreation or family room
Great room
Sunroom
Home office
Den
Gathering spaces
Room Planning
 Types of Floor Plans
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Closed/Formal
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Contain access through doors or openings
Traditional style homes
Open/Informal Plans
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Partial separations
Combine several spaces/rooms
Area rugs or furniture provide visual separation
Floor height elevations may differentiate rooms
Living Room
 Purpose determines size and layout
 Limit traffic through room
 Centrally located near entrance
 Views to outside
 Close to dining and entertaining area
Dining Room
 Purpose determines size and layout
 Adjacent to kitchen and living area
 Accessible to outside dining
 Space for serving and movement
Sleeping Area
 Bedrooms
 Baths
 Dressing Rooms
 Closets
 Homes categorized by number of
bedrooms & baths
 Three bedroom homes most common
Bedrooms
 Grouped in quiet separate area
 Master bedroom separated from others
 Size & layout related to furniture & function
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70 sq ft minimum
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9’-0” in any direction
Movement around furniture
Planned activities
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Reading
Writing
Watching TV
Hobbies
Bedrooms
 Doors
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Accessible to a hall
Swing into room
2’-6” minimum
width
Size allows for
furniture movement
 Windows
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Ventilation & light
Means of egress
Use wall space
Dressing Areas
 Separate room or alcove
 Sinks, make-up counters,
 Mirrors, chairs
 Closets
 Adjacent to Master bath
Bathrooms
 Plumbing fixtures
 Water
closet
 Shower
 Tub
 Lavatory
 Bidet
Bathrooms
 Lavatories
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Wall-hung
Pedestal
Countertop
 Various sizes & styles of fixtures
 Water closet
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15” min. from CL to wall or adjacent fixture
2”x 6” stud construction for plumbing
Optionally compartmentalized
Bathrooms
 Located near of adjacent to bedrooms
 Bath sizes
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5’-0” x 8’-0” minimum full bath
3’-0” x 7’-0” minimum half bath
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Lavatory and water closet only
Furnishings
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Hampers
Linen shelves
Counter space
Medicine cabinet
Mirrors
Bathrooms
 Require natural ventilation or fan to remove
moisture
 Grouping increases efficiency
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Centralized plumbing
 Modifications for medical/disabled clients
 Linen closets
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Nearby location
Minimum 18” deep
Service Areas
 Kitchen
 Laundry
 Garage or Carport
Kitchen
 Food preparation
 May include
 Dining
 Laundry
 Storage
Kitchen
 Three work centers
 Food
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storage and preparation
Refrigerator, cabinets, pantry, countertop
 Cooking
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Range, oven, microwave, countertops
 Clean-up
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Sink, dishwasher, countertops
Kitchen
 Work Triangle
 Line
from center front of each work
center
Range
 Refrigerator
 Sink
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 Sum
of all sides should not exceed 22’
 Traffic lanes should not impede work
centers
Kitchen
 Counters & Cabinets
 Sufficient
for operations and storage
 Base cabinets = 24” deep
 Wall cabinets = 12” deep
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Drawn as hidden lines
Kitchen Styles
 Straight line
 Ideal
for small spaces
Apartments
 Cottages
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 Limited
amount of cabinets
R
Kitchen Styles
 L-shaped
 In
small/medium size kitchens
 Attractive
R
Kitchen Styles
 Corridor
 Small/medium
size kitchens
 Efficient for long narrow space
 Not for heavy traffic areas
 4’ minimum between cabinets
R
Kitchen Styles
 U-shape
efficiency
 Medium size kitchens
 6’ between legs of “U”
R
 High
Kitchen Styles
 Island
cabinets
 42” clearance on all sides
R
 Stand-alone
Kitchen Eating Areas
 Family kitchen
 Open/Informal plan
 Table & chairs or eating counter
Laundry
 Size/Location varies
with function
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Washing
Drying
Ironing
 Close to kitchen and
other work areas
 Arrange
appliances/fixtures
efficiently
 Preparation
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Hampers/bins
 Washing
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Sink
Washer
Detergents
 Drying
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Dryer
Drying line
 Folding & ironing
Garage/Carport
 Size depends on number of cars and other
purposes
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Single car space
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Double car space
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11’x 19’ to 16’x 25’
20’x 20’ to 25’x 25’
Increase space for storage and/or work area
 May be separate structure or attached to home
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Style matches home
Breezeway
Carport
 One or more walls removed
 No door provided
 Less
expensive than garage
 Less protection than garage
 Better suited to mild climates
Garage
 Doors vary in style, construction, size
 Floors
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Slope toward doors or built-in drain
4” thick poured concrete with vapor barrier
Apron connects floor to paved driveways
Driveways
 Turnaround
 Widths
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10’ for a single-car garage
18’ for a double-car garage
Turning radii of 15’ at street
Layout varies
Outside Living Areas
 Porches
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Built of various materials
Structurally connected to the home
Raised above grade
 Patios
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Located at ground level
Constructed of concrete
 Decks
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Structurally connected to the home
Constructed of wood
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