3.2.1 Contemporary societal relationships with the
Unit 3, Outcome 2 On completion of this unit, students should be able to analyse and evaluate the factors influencing contemporary societal relationships with outdoor environments, with reference to specific outdoor experiences. 3.2.1 Contemporary societal relationships with outdoor environments reflected in different forms of conservation, recreation, primary industries, and tourism practices In simple terms we will explore what people DO in natural environments. Conservation Conservation means…………………………………………. We now know that Australian conservation began in the early 1800’s with groups like the Field Naturalist of Victoria, and become popular in the 1970’s when people began to realise the huge impact our industries where having on the environment. In short conservation is people working to protect and restore natural environments. eg. Research into the state of the natural environments, erosion, salinity and feral control, management of tracks and water catchments. Conservation is now accepted of being of greater importance and people therefore are more likely to take part in conservation activities then in colonial times. Positive impacts of conservation • Environment groups eg • Creation of National Parks • Management strategies eg • Conservation Laws • Minimal impact strategies eg • Reduction in use of resources eg • Reduction of waste and pollution • Education and awareness • Development of environmentally friendly energy sources • Any others? 3.2.1 Contemporary societal relationships with outdoor environments reflected in different forms of conservation, recreation, primary industries, and tourism practices Recreation Recreation is….. Koori’s spent less than five hours as a day working/hunting whereas colonists spend all the daylight hours working and therefore they had little time for activities such as horse riding and picnicking. These days people have far more time for recreation, and more choice; as a result society has become more isolated from nature (air conditioning, cars, internet, gaming), and therefore needs to travel further to gain access to outdoors recreation pursuits like: Mountain bike ride, hiking, surfing, climbing, kayaking, skiing and bushwalking. Other more passive recreation could be just relaxation, bird-watching, and fishing. People become involved in recreational activities for many reasons including, fitness and health, relaxation, connecting with nature. List as many positive impacts and negative impacts of recreation, think a widely as you can. 1. . 2. . 3. . 4. . 5. . 6. . 7. . 8. . 9. . 10. . Positive impacts • Improved physical health. • Break from the stresses of modern life. • Stronger connection with nature. • Improved mental health • Demand for more parks and conservation. • Brings much needed revenue and jobs to smaller towns such as alpine and coastal areas. • Vic government has removed gate entry to nearly all parks to encourage Victorians to visit natural environs…… but why……. and what’s the pay-off. Negative Impacts -More injuries in often hard to reach places. -More people means greater impacts such a rubbish, erosion of tracks, bushfires, decreased habitat. -Increased costs of land management. -With greater management comes less adventure 3.2.1 Contemporary societal relationships with outdoor environments reflected in different forms of conservation, recreation, primary industries, and tourism practices. Primary Industries Includes most types of farming, logging, and mining. Basically the natural environment is used as a resource for profit, whether it is sold domestically or exported. Society placed laws to restrict the full exploitation of our natural resources such as minerals, flora and fauna. While they all are potentially renewable (with the exception of minerals) they are rarely sustainable. Primary industry provides essential goods and basic needs however this always comes at a costs. At the time of the first settlers ‘the costs’ were of no concern, however more recently greater restrictions, laws, guidelines and licences restrict overharvesting and total exploitation. Research both positive and negative impacts of the following primary industries. Cattle grazing Logging Mining Fishing Crop farming POSITIVE Cattle grazing Logging Mining Fishing Crop Farming NEGATIVE 3.2.1 Contemporary societal relationships with outdoor environments reflected in different forms of conservation, recreation, primary industries, and tourism practices. Tourism Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. Australian financially benefits greatly from both domestic and international tourists. The greatest benefit is from overseas where the $ boosts are economy and provides millions of jobs. Tourism like all other industries has it’s own set of both positive and negative impacts on the environment and society, which for the most part are obvious. Tourism almost always use the environment as a resource. Either as a focally point or in more of a ‘playground’ for recreational activities. Features the environment that the tourism activity uses in their advertising campaigns. They also always feature the activity in the best weather conditions for that activity Types of tourism Mass Tourism –think of retirees and bus trips. Wine Tourism – think of small groups of something wine snob staggering around in minibuses Adventure Tourism –risky activities in remote and sometimes dangerous places. Eco-Tourism –responsible low impact tourism, to often sensitive or pristine areas designed to educate as well as entertain. A % of $ usually goes to conservation the area. Eg ocean kayaking, hiking, snorkelling. Wildlife Tourism – is specifically observing animals in their habitat. This is closely related to eco tourism and has many of the same benefits. Examples include shark cage diving, whale watching, and African wildlife safaris.