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Buddhism
Buddhism
By: Tanner
What is Buddhism?
• Buddhism is a major world
religion, or in a better sense,
philosophy.
• It is the 4th largest religion of
the world, and has about
300,000,000 people living by it.
• It explains the purpose of life,
injustices and inequality
around the world.
• It also helps people by
providing a way of life that will
lead to true happiness.
The History of Buddhism
•
•
Gautam Buddha - The Originator of Buddhism
The word 'Buddha' is a title and not a name in itself. It means 'one who is awake' (in
the sense of having 'woken up to reality'). The title was given to Siddhartha Gautama,
who was born in Lumbini (Nepal), approximately 2,500 years ago. He did not claim to
be a God and he has never been regarded as such by Buddhists. He was a human
being who became Enlightened, understanding life in the deepest way possible.
Siddhartha was born into the royal family of a small kingdom, on the Indian-Nepalese
border. According to the traditional story, he had a cloistered upbringing, but was
jolted out of complacency when he encountered the harsh realities of life, such as old
age, sickness and death.
He left His home in search of the real meaning of life. He practiced meditation under
various teachers and then took to asceticism. The rigorous asceticism that He
followed virtually led Him to the verge of death. But, true understanding seemed as
far away to Him as ever and eventually, He abandoned this path. He sat down
beneath a pipal tree and vowed that "flesh may wither, blood may dry up, but I shall
not rise from this spot until Enlightenment has been won". After forty days, the
Buddha finally attained Enlightenment.
•
Buddhism teaches the Middle Way is a life lived between the extremes of self-denial
and self-indulgence.
What Did Buddha Teach?
• He taught the 4 Noble
truths which sum up
Buddhism religion
• He also taught the noble
eight fold path
• He taught to lead a moral
life, be mindful and aware
of thoughts and actions
and to develop wisdom
and understanding
• He also taught the 5
precepts
What are the Four Noble Truths?
• The first was that life is suffering
• You can’t live without death, frustration, etc.
• The second is that suffering is caused by craving
and aversion
• Getting what you want doesn’t guarantee happiness, it
deprives you of it
• The third is that suffering can be overcome, and
true happiness attained
• If we stop craving useless things, and live each day at a time
(not living in the future) we will be happy and free.
• The fourth is that the Noble eight fold path leads
to the end of all suffering
The Noble Eightfold Path
It taught 8 simple rules:
• To have a right
understanding
• To have right thoughts
• To use right speech
• To do right actions
• To deal with right
livelihood
• To give a right effort
• To have a right
mindfulness
• To use the right
meditation
The 5 precepts
•
•
•
•
•
Do not take the life of anything living
Do not take anything not freely given
Abstain from overindulgence
Refrain from untrue speech
Avoid intoxication
• (Do not lose mindfulness)
This is the moral code of the Buddhists
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