...

Penal Substitution - forest hills church of christ

by user

on
20

views

Report

Comments

Transcript

Penal Substitution - forest hills church of christ
Penal Substitution
Did Jesus Die in My Place?
What Is Penal Substitution?
1. Penal Substitution is that theory of the atonement which demands
the payment of the penalty for sin by a substitute in order for God to
remain just while justifying man.
2. In other words, God cannot justly forgive man unless the punishment
for sin is suffered by a substitute for man.
What Is Penal Substitution?
3. And, according to the theory, Jesus is that substitute.
4. He died in your place and mine that you and I might be forgiven.
5. But if the theory were true, either Calvinism or Universalism would
follow because salvation would then be unconditional.
What Is Penal Substitution?
6. Calvinism imagines that:
a. All humans are born totally depraved.
b. God unconditionally elected certain individuals to salvation.
c. Jesus died as a substitute for the elect.
d. All the elect will persevere to the end.
What Is Penal Substitution?
7. Universalism holds that:
a. Jesus died as a substitute for all.
b. Therefore, all will be saved.
8. Both affirm that all those in whose place Jesus died will be saved
because their sins were punished in the person of Jesus.
What Is Penal Substitution?
9. This theory is held by some who are neither Calvinists nor
Universalists but these seem to be inconsistent.
a. Because, if Jesus was punished for the sins of anyone, then those
for whose sins He was punished will not be punished.
b. Nor would they need forgiveness since their sins have already
been punished.
c. Why would this not be the case?
The Role of Jesus’ Death
1. What one is willing to sacrifice for a person or cause is an indicator of
the love he has for that person or cause.
2. The life of a living thing is in the blood thereof.
Leviticus 17:11
'For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I
have given it to you upon the altar to make
atonement for your souls; for it is the blood
that makes atonement for the soul.'
The Role of Jesus’ Death
1. What one is willing to sacrifice for a person or cause is an indicator of
the love he has for that person or cause.
2. The life of a living thing is in the blood thereof.
3. Therefore, to shed the blood of a living thing is to sacrifice the life
thereof.
4. The sacrifice of Jesus’ life is the ultimate demonstration of God’s love
and Christ’s love for mankind.
Romans 5:1-4
Therefore, having been justified by faith, we
have peace with God through our Lord Jesus
Christ, through whom also we have access by
faith into this grace in which we stand, and
rejoice in hope of the glory of God. And not
only that, but we also glory in tribulations,
knowing that tribulation produces
perseverance; and perseverance, character;
and character, hope.
Romans 5:5-6
Now hope does not disappoint, because the
love of God has been poured out in our hearts
by the Holy Spirit who was given to us. For
when we were still without strength, in due time
Christ died for the ungodly.
Romans 5:7-9
For scarcely for a righteous man will one die;
yet perhaps for a good man someone would
even dare to die.
But God demonstrates His own love toward
us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ
died for us. Much more then, having now been
justified by His blood, we shall be saved from
wrath through Him.
Romans 5:10-11
For if when we were enemies we were
reconciled to God through the death of His
Son, much more, having been reconciled, we
shall be saved by His life.
And not only that, but we also rejoice in God
through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom
we have now received the reconciliation.
Romans 8:31-33
What then shall we say to these things? If God
is for us, who can be against us? He who did
not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up
for us all, how shall He not with Him also freely
give us all things? Who shall bring a charge
against God's elect? It is God who justifies.
Romans 8:34-36
Who is he who condemns? It is Christ who
died, and furthermore is also risen, who is even
at the right hand of God, who also makes
intercession for us. Who shall separate us from
the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or
distress, or persecution, or famine, or
nakedness, or peril, or sword? As it is written:
"For Your sake we are killed all day long; We
are accounted as sheep for the slaughter."
Romans 8:37-39
Yet in all these things we are more than
conquerors through Him who loved us. For I
am persuaded that neither death nor life, nor
angels nor principalities nor powers, nor things
present nor things to come, nor height nor
depth, nor any other created thing, shall be
able to separate us from the love of God which
is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
John 3:16
"For God so loved the world that He gave
His only begotten Son, that whoever believes
in Him should not perish but have everlasting
life."
John 15:13
"As Greater love has no one than this, than to
lay down one's life for his friends."
1 John 3:16
By this we know love, because He laid down
His life for us. And we also ought to lay down
our lives for the brethren.
The Role of Jesus’ Death
a. If the Son of God had come into the world immediately after the
sin of Adam and Eve, there is no way anyone could ever have
appreciated the love of God.
b. And one could hardly reciprocate a love that he does not
appreciate.
The Role of Jesus’ Death
c. For this reason, God incorporated the concept of sacrifice into
religion so that, in the fullness of time, His love could be
demonstrated—through the sacrifice of His Son—so that man
could appreciate it and would be motivated to reciprocate it.
The Role of Jesus’ Death
5. The Old Testament was taken out of the way and the New Testament
was dedicated by the pouring out of Christ’s blood and the sacrifice of
His life.
Colossians 2:13-14
And you, being dead in your trespasses and
the uncircumcision of your flesh, He has made
alive together with Him, having forgiven you all
trespasses, having wiped out the handwriting of
requirements that was against us, which was
contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the
way, having nailed it to the cross.
Hebrews 10:1-2
For the law, having a shadow of the good
things to come, and not the very image of the
things, can never with these same sacrifices,
which they offer continually year by year, make
those who approach perfect. For then would
they not have ceased to be offered? For the
worshipers, once purified, would have had no
more consciousness of sins.
Hebrews 10:3-5
But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of
sins every year. For it is not possible that the
blood of bulls and goats could take away sins.
Therefore, when He came into the world, He
said: "Sacrifice and offering You did not
desire, But a body You have prepared for
Me.
Hebrews 10:6-7
"In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You
had no pleasure. Then I said, 'Behold, I have
come-- In the volume of the book it is written of
Me-- To do Your will, O God.' "
Hebrews 10:8-10
Previously saying, "Sacrifice and offering,
burnt offerings, and offerings for sin You did
not desire, nor had pleasure in them" (which are
offered according to the law), then He said,
"Behold, I have come to do Your will, O
God." He takes away the first that He may
establish the second. By that will we have been
sanctified through the offering of the body of
Jesus Christ once for all.
Hebrews 9:16-18
For where there is a testament, there must also
of necessity be the death of the testator. For
a testament is in force after men are dead,
since it has no power at all while the testator
lives. Therefore not even the first covenant
was dedicated without blood.
The Role of Jesus’ Death
5. The Old Testament was taken out of the way and the New Testament
was dedicated by the pouring out of Christ’s blood and the sacrifice of
His life.
6. The shedding of Jesus’ blood in His death on the cross also reveals
“the goodness of God” that “leads … to repentance.”
Romans 2:3-4
And do you think this, O man, you who judge
those practicing such things, and doing the
same, that you will escape the judgment of
God? Or do you despise the riches of His
goodness, forbearance, and longsuffering, not
knowing that the goodness of God leads you
to repentance?
The Role of Jesus’ Death
7. It also provides a focal point for man’s faith in God and in His Son.
Romans 3:21-24
But now the righteousness of God apart from
the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law
and the Prophets, even the righteousness of
God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and
on all who believe. For there is no difference;
for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of
God, being justified freely by His grace
through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus,
Romans 3:25-26
whom God set forth as a propitiation by His
blood, through faith, to demonstrate His
righteousness, because in His forbearance
God had passed over the sins that were
previously committed, to demonstrate at the
present time His righteousness, that He might
be just and the justifier of the one who has
faith in Jesus.
The Role of Jesus’ Death
7. It also provides a focal point for man’s faith in God and in His Son.
8. Finally, only the shedding of the precious blood of Jesus the Lamb
could demonstrate the enormity of sin.
Romans 8:1-2
There is therefore now no condemnation to
those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not
walk according to the flesh, but according to
the Spirit. For the law of the Spirit of life in
Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of
sin and death.
Romans 8:3-4
For what the law could not do in that it was
weak through the flesh, God did by sending
His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on
account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh,
that the righteous requirement of the law might
be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to
the flesh but according to the Spirit.
Therefore
1. Jesus did not die in my place or yours.
2. It was His place, and His alone, to die on that cross.
3. He died on the cross, not as punishment but as a sacrifice for sin.
John 1:29-31
The next day John saw Jesus coming toward
him, and said, "Behold! The Lamb of God
who takes away the sin of the world! This is
He of whom I said, 'After me comes a Man
who is preferred before me, for He was before
me.' I did not know Him; but that He should be
revealed to Israel, therefore I came baptizing
with water."
John 1:32-34
And John bore witness, saying, "I saw the
Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and
He remained upon Him. I did not know Him,
but He who sent me to baptize with water said
to me, 'Upon whom you see the Spirit
descending, and remaining on Him, this is He
who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.' And I have
seen and testified that this is the Son of
God."
John 1:35-36
Again, the next day, John stood with two of
his disciples. And looking at Jesus as He
walked, he said, "Behold the Lamb of God!"
2 Corinthians 5:20-21
Now then, we are ambassadors for Christ, as
though God were pleading through us: we
implore you on Christ's behalf, be reconciled
to God.
For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin
for us, that we might become the righteousness
of God in Him.
2 Corinthians 5:20-21
We are Christ's ambassadors, and God is
using us to speak to you. We urge you, as
though Christ himself were here pleading with
you, "Be reconciled to God!"
For God made Christ, who never sinned, to be
the offering for our sin, so that we could be
made right with God through Christ.
Therefore
1.
2.
3.
4.
Jesus did not die in my place or yours.
It was His place, and His alone, to die on that cross.
He died on the cross, not as punishment but as a sacrifice for sin.
He did this that we might realize both the enormity of sin and the
magnitude of His love and His Father’s love for us and that we might
be motivated to love them in return.
Fly UP