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No Slide Title - Pegasus @ UCF

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No Slide Title - Pegasus @ UCF
Integrated Theories of Crime

Multifactor Theories – 1st hint of
interdisciplinary work

Latent Trait Theories

Developmental or Life Course Theories
INTEGRATED THEORIES
Multiple factor theories that
attempt to blend seemingly
independent concepts into coherent
explanations of criminality.
Multifactor Theories
Social Development Model (SDM)
MAJOR
PREMISE
Weak Social controls
produce crime. A
person’s place in the
structure influences
his or her bond to
society.
STRENGTHS
Combines
elements of social
structural and
social process
theories. Accounts
for variations in
the crime rate.
Multifactor Theories:
Elliott’s Integrated Theory
MAJOR PREMISE
Strained and weak social bonds lead
youths to associate with and learn from
deviant groups.
STRENGTHS
Combines elements of learning, strain, and
control theories.
Multifactor Theories:
Integrated Structural Theory
MAJOR PREMISE
Delinquency is a
function of family
life, which is in turn
controlled by the
family’s place in the
economic system.
STRENGTHS
Explains the
relationship
between family
problems and
delinquency in
terms of social and
economic
conditions.
Latent Trait Theories
B
e
h
a
v
i
o
r
Age
An individuals level of self control (a latent
trait) is established early in life and their
behavioral trajectory will forever be stable
(good or bad).
Latent Trait Theories:
General Theory
MAJOR PREMISE
People choose to commit
crime when they lack selfcontrol. People lacking in
self-control will seize
criminal opportunities.
Merges Choice and
Control Theories
Together
The General Theory of Crime
Impulsive personality
Low self-control
Crime and
deviance
Criminal
Opportunity
Weakening of
social bonds
Questions That Are Important to
Life-course Theorists





Why people begin committing antisocial acts?
Why do some stop or desist, while others continue or
persist?
Why do some escalate the severity of their criminality that is, go from shoplifting to drug dealing to armed
robbery- while others deescalate and commit less
serious crime as they mature?
If some terminate their criminal activity, what, if
anything, causes them to begin again?
Why do some criminals specialize in certain types of
crime, while others are generalists engaging in a garden
variety of antisocial behavior?
Developmental or
Life Course Theories
B
e
h
a
v
i
o
r
Age
As individuals mature and develop over the
lifecourse, different socializing and life
experiences affect behavioral trajectories. So
once deviant, not necessarily always deviant
Problem Behavior Syndrome
(PBS)
A group of antisocial
behaviors that cluster
together and typically
involve family dysfunction,
substance abuse, smoking,
precocious sexuality and
early pregnancy, educational
underachievement, suicide
attempts, sensation seeking,
and unemployment.
Life-Course Theories
Personal
and social
factors
control the
onset and
stability of
criminal
careers.
Farrington’s
MAJOR
theory
of
Major Premise
PREMISE
delinquent
development
Makes use
of data
collected
over a 20year period
to
substantiate
hypothesis
Life-Course Theories:
Interactional Theory
MAJOR PREMISE - Criminals go through
lifestyle changes during their offending careers.
STRENGTHS - Combines sociological and
psychological theories.
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