...

Uint10

by user

on
2

views

Report

Comments

Description

Transcript

Uint10
普通高等教育“十一·五”规划教材
Beyond Oxford
Practical college English Course
学林出版社
预备级
Table of Contents
2
Ten
Festivals and Celebrations 喜庆连连
 Festivals
节日庆典
 Ceremonies
庆典仪式
学林出版社
Back
Next
Festivals 节日庆典
3
Focus
S: Festivals around us
L: Waiting for Santa Claus
L: Special things for special days
S: Sending e-cards
R: Thanksgiving
W: Writing a New Year greeting card
语法重读
Back
学林出版社
Next
1. Starter — Festivals around us
4
Look at the pictures. What are they about? Match them with the
following sentences.
( B ) 1. People hold boat races at the Dragon Boat Festival.
( C ) 2. Fireworks are let off to celebrate the Spring Festival.
(A ) 3. Mooncakes are especially welcomed for celebrating the Midautumn Festival.
Back
学林出版社
Next
1. Starter — Festivals around us
5
Notes
1. People hold boat races at the Dragon Boat Festival. 人们会在端午节举
行划船比赛。
*festival n. 节日,喜庆日
e.g. This is the most important festival in this country.
festival的形容词形式是festive,意思是“节日的,欢乐的,喜庆的”。
e.g. The city took on a festival air.
该词的名词性延伸词为festivity,意思是“节日欢庆;喜庆”。
e.g. I hope this festivity will end soon and I will return to a more normal life.
2. Fireworks are let off to celebrate the Spring Festival. 人们燃放烟花以庆
祝春节。
let off意为“燃放,使爆炸”。 e.g. Boys like to let off crackers.
Back
学林出版社
Next
2. Waiting for Santa Claus
6
Lee and Mary are talking about the Christmas vacation.
Listen to the tape or CD and fill in the blanks to complete the
sentences.
local family
1. Lee spent the Christmas holiday with a __________.
lovely gifts put on the Christmas tree.
2. There were a lot of _________
Christmas stockings for the gifts
3. Lee and his friends hung some _________________
from Santa Claus.
4. Lee had a really ________________.
wonderful holiday
Back
学林出版社
Next
2. Waiting for Santa Claus
7
Mary: Hello, Lee. Did you enjoy your Christmas vacation?
Lee:
Sure. I spent the holiday with the Smiths, a local family.
Mary: Yes?
Lee:
We decorated a Christmas tree and put a lot of lovely gifts under
it.
Mary: Sounds great. You must also have prepared something for the
gifts from Santa Claus?
Lee:
Ha, yes. We got several Christmas stockings.
Mary: Ah, it seems you had a really wonderful holiday.
Back
学林出版社
Next
2. Waiting for Santa Claus
8
Notes
1. I spent the holiday with the Smiths, a local family. 我和当地史密斯一家
一起过的节。
the Smiths指代史密斯一家人。通常,英语中“the+姓氏复数”表示某
某一家人。例如:the Jones,the Whites等。
a local family是the Smiths的同位语,起补充说明作用。
2. You must also have prepared something for the gifts from Santa Claus?
你一定为迎接圣诞老人的礼物做了些准备吧?
must have done sth.是一个表示对过去或刚刚结束的动作进行推测的结构
。may,might也可以用于这个结构,不过可能性较小。还有一点要记住
,“must/may/might+现在完成时”结构只用于表示肯定的推测。如果要
表示对过去否定的推测,或用于疑问句中表示推测,可以用can’t和can。
Back
学林出版社
Next
3. Special things for special days
9
Each special day has its own special things or activities.
Listen to the tape or CD and fill in the blanks.
Every country has its own (1) ________
festivals and the West is no (2)
different
_________.
celebrated Christmas,
In the West, four festivals are often (3) _________:
Easter, Thanksgiving and Halloween. For Christmas, a big meal, a
must On Easter, people eat
Christmas tree, and gifts are all a (4)______.
eggs Pumpkin pie and roast turkey are popular on
chocolate (5) _____.
fun for children. They love carving
Thanksgiving. Halloween is (6) ____
pumpkin lanterns.
Back
学林出版社
Next
4. Sending e-cards
10
Focus in
1 4pairs to role-play the situation.
Work
A
B
◆ Asks B what to send to his/her
◆ Wants to send some e-
friends for the coming Mid-autumn
cards to his/her friends
Festival
◆ Says there are a lot of
◆ Asks how to choose or make a card websites for him/her to
◆ Wants to surf the Internet and tries
choose
to make some e-cards by himself/
◆ Says it is easy to design
herself
some cartoon e-cards with the
◆ Thanks B for his/her advice
help of some websites
Click Here
For Reference Answer
学林出版社
Back
Next
4. Sending e-cards
11
A:
Hi, Nelson, the Mid-autumn Festival is coming soon. Have you
had your gifts ready?
B:
A:
B:
Sure. I’m going to send some e-cards for my friends.
Sounds great. But is it difficult to send an e-card?
I don’t think so. In fact, there are a lot of websites. And you can
also make one by yourself.
A:
B:
Can I design a card by myself?
Certainly. With the help of some websites, we can make or
design some cartoon e-cards by ourselves.
A:
That’s wonderful. Then I’ll surf the Internet and try to design
some e-cards by myself. Thank you so much.
You are welcome.
B:
Back
学林出版社
Next
12
Text Lead-in
A. Do you think we Chinese should celebrate thanksgiving?
B. What is the typical food of thanksgiving dinner?
Hints
On the dinner table, people will find apples, oranges, chestnuts,
walnuts and grapes. There will be plum pudding, mince pie, other
varieties of food and cranberry juice and squash. The best and most
attractive among them are roast turkey and pumpkin pie.
Back
学林出版社
Next
5. Thanksgiving
13
Read the passage on Thanksgiving and do the exercises.
Thanksgiving
is
a
holiday
celebrated in much of North
America, generally observed as an
expression of gratitude, usually to
God. The most common view of its
origin is that it was to give thanks to
God for the autumn harvest. In the
United States, the holiday is
celebrated on the fourth Thursday in
November. In Canada, where the
harvest generally ends earlier in the
year, the holiday is celebrated on the
second Monday in October.
Translation
学林出版社
*harvest n. 收获,收割,收
*generally
ad.
一般地,通常,
感恩节
成
☆gratitude
n. 感激,感谢
大体上
北美大部分地区的人们都庆祝感
e.g. They will have a good
e.g.
He
Tom
for
dinner
☆origin
n.invited
起源,来源,起因
e.g.
He
generally
keeps
silent
at
恩节,通常是为了表达对上帝的感
harvest this year.
激之情。关于它的起源,最普遍的
to
e.g.express
Dohis
yougratitude.
know the origin of
meetings.
After the harvest we stored the
说法是:这个节日是为了感谢上帝
Don’t
overdo
your gratitude.
this word?
Children
generally
dislike carrots.
grain.
赐予秋天的丰收。在美国,人们在
Many American people are of
此 外 , harvest 还 可 用 作 及 物
11月的第四个星期四过感恩节。而
British origin.
在加拿大,收获通常结束得早,因
动词,表示“收割,收获”。
此这个节日也被提早到十月的第二
e.g. We got ready to harvest the
个星期一庆祝。
wheat.
Back
Next
5. Thanksgiving
14
Thanksgiving is traditionally
celebrated with a feast shared
among friends and family. In the
United States, it is an important
family holiday, and people often
travel across the country to be
with family members for the
holiday. (To be continued)
*share vt. 分享,分担,共有
*traditionally ad. 传统地
在感恩节这天,人们通常和亲
e.g.
We can share one
e.g.
Chocolate
eggs
are
朋好友共享一顿丰盛的大餐。在美
umbrella.
traditionally eaten on Easter Day.
We share a lot of interests.
国,它是重要的家庭聚会日,人们
Traditionally, we eat fried foods
share还可用作名词,表示“一
为和家人聚到一起过节,会不辞辛
on that day.
份,份额;股份”。
苦长途跋涉回家。
traditionally派生自名词tradition,
e.g.
I had no share in the
意思是“传统,惯例”。
matter.
e.g.
They
value
Chinese
She’s got all her money in stocks
traditions.
and shares.
Translation
学林出版社
Back
Next
5. Thanksgiving
15
The Thanksgiving holiday is
generally a four-day weekend
in the United States, in which
Americans
Thursday
are
and
given
the
Friday
off.
Thanksgiving is almost entirely
celebrated at home, unlike the
Fourth of July, which is linked
to a variety of shared public
celebrations.
此处unlike是介词,引导一个方式(比
较)状语。
a variety ad.
of 种种,各种
美国的感恩节通常是一个“四日
*entirely
全部地,整个地
*unlike prep. 不同于,不似
e.g. IThis
shopagree
dealswith
in watches
e.g.
entirely
you.
e.g.
This
photo
is
very
unlike
him.
周末”,因为周四和周五都放假。
in
a him,
variety
of
styles.
该词还可以用作形容词,意为“不似
For
it
will
be a entirely new
感恩节基本都在家里庆祝,这点不
A
variety of products are shown
的,不像的”。
hobby.
同于有着各种公众庆典活动的国庆
e.g.the
Theshelves.
two brothers are very much
on
entirely 派 生 自 形 容 词 entire , 表
unlike.
节。
This
restaurant offers a variety of
示“全部的,整个的”。
unlike由like加否定前缀un-构成,like
breakfast
e.g.
I readfoods.
the entire book.
还可以与否定前缀dis-构成一个动词,
此处a
variety of的意思相当于a
即dislike(不喜欢)。
lot
different
e.g. of
I dislike
whatthings。
he says and what he
does.
Translation
学林出版社
Back
Next
5. Thanksgiving
16
Focus
15
A.
Choose
the best answer according to the passage.
1. Thanksgiving is celebrated on _____ in the United States.
A. the first Thursday in November
B. the fourth Thursday in December
C. the first Friday in December
D. the fourth Thursday in November
2. People in Canada usually ______.
A. do not celebrate Thanksgiving
B. celebrate Thanksgiving on the same day as the Americans
C. celebrate Thanksgiving earlier than the Americans
D. celebrate Thanksgiving later than the Americans
Back
学林出版社
Next
5. Thanksgiving
17
Focus 1 5
3. People in the United Sates celebrate Thanksgiving _____.
A. at home
B. at large restaurants
C. in parks
D. publicly
4. For Thanksgiving, people in the US can usually stay away
from work for _____ days.
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
Back
学林出版社
Next
5. Thanksgiving
18
B. Find in the text the words or expressions with similar
meanings to the following.
1. different from
unlike
__________
2. many kinds of
a variety of
__________
3. celebrate
observe
__________
4. wholly
__________
entirely
5. thankfulness
gratitude
__________
Back
学林出版社
Next
6. Writing a New Year greeting card
19
Focusare
1 6to write a New Year greeting card to your client. Read the
You
sentences in the box. Then select four of them to complete the four-
sentence New Year greeting card below.
Dear Mr. Smith,
As the year ends, we think about all we are grateful for. Our
_______________________________________________________
relationship with you is one thing we treasure. Thank you for the
_______________________________________________________
opportunity to serve you.
_______________________________________________________
We wish you a merry Christmas and much success in the new
_______________________________________________________
year.
___________________
Sincerely yours,
John Lee
Back
学林出版社
Next
6. Writing a New Year greeting card
1.
Focus
1 6joyous (快乐的) time
At this
20
of year, we are grateful (感激的) for our work with
you.
2.
As the year ends, we think about all we are grateful for.
3.
Best wishes for a prosperous (繁荣的) new year.
4.
I hope you and all your co-workers, family, and friends have a lovely holiday
season.
5.
I hope you have a holiday that fills your heart with joy!
6.
It has been a pleasure to work with you this year.
7.
Merry Christmas!
8.
Our relationship with you is one thing we treasure (重视).
9.
Thank you for the opportunity to serve you.
10. We wish you a merry Christmas and much success in the new year.
11. We wish you happiness and peace in a new year filled with hope. Happy
holidays!
12. We wish you the best of holidays and a happy new year!
学林出版社
Back
Next
7. Read me!
21
Back
学林出版社
Next
Ceremonies 庆典仪式
22
Focus
S: Important ceremonies
L: German Oktoberfest
L: Weddings in Denmark
S: Cannes Film Festival
R: Opening ceremony speech
W: Writing a welcome speech
R: White Christmas
综合练习
Back
学林出版社
Next
1. Starter — Important ceremonies
23
Look at the pictures of some ceremonies and match them with
the names.
Graduation
ceremony
C
Opening
ceremony
Award
ceremony
Wedding
ceremony
Anniversary
ceremony
B
D
A
E
Back
学林出版社
Next
2. German Oktoberfest
24
A foreign student is asking a German student about the
Oktoberfest.
Listen to the tape or CD and choose the best answer to
complete the dialogue.
Back
学林出版社
Next
2. German Oktoberfest
25
Arnold: Hello, Martin, I really enjoyed the Oktoberfest celebration this Friday. I
thought Oktoberfest was just (A. a beer festival B. a bear festival C. a
beer ceremony)! Can you tell me more about it?
Martin: The Oktoberfest is not only about (A. drinking wine and partying B.
drinking beer and partying C. beer drinking and taking part in it). It has
a lot of history behind it.
Arnold: Yes. I learned about (A. the festival and ceremony B. the tradition and
festival C. the tradition and culture), and at the same time, we were
getting up there and dancing. It was really fun.
Martin: Even though beer is a big part of the culture, people don’t drink just to
get drunk. In fact, (A. be drinking B. getting drunk C. drink wine) is
not allowed.
Arnold: This tells something about (A. German festival B. German tradition C.
German culture) that people don’t really understand. This is a very good
chance to get to know the German culture.
ANSWER
A-B-C-B-C
学林出版社
Back
Next
3. Weddings in Denmark
26
Wedding customs are different from culture to culture.
Listen to the tape or CD and answer the following questions.
1. Why did the Danish people prepare for a wedding secretly?
Because they thought that to show happiness openly would make
evil spirits angry and jealous.
2. What would happen at the end of the wedding ceremony?
A jar of beer would be broken into pieces.
3. What did the broken pieces of the jar indicate?
The girl who picked up the largest piece would get married first,
while the girl with the smallest one would never be able to get
married.
Back
学林出版社
Next
3. Weddings in Denmark
27
Until recently, in some country areas of Denmark, preparations for a
wedding lasted for many days but were made secretly, because to show
happiness openly would make evil spirits angry and jealous.
At the end of the ceremony a large jar of beer was taken to the
courtyard. The hands of the new couple were joined over the jar and it
was broken into pieces. These pieces were picked up by girls of
marriageable age. The girl with the largest piece would marry first
while the girl with the smallest one would never be able to get married.
Back
学林出版社
Next
3. Weddings in Denmark
28
Notes
1. Preparations for a wedding lasted for many days but were made secretly,
because to show happiness openly would make evil spirits angry and jealous. 人
们会花好几天进行婚礼的筹备工作,但筹备是秘密进行的,因为大肆张扬幸
福将会触怒恶灵,招来他们的嫉妒。
*secretly ad. 秘密地
e.g. He entered the room secretly.
secretly的形容词形式是secret,表示“秘密的,机密的”。
e.g. This is their secret hiding place.
secret还可用作名词,表示“秘密”。e.g. This is our secret.
☆evil a. 邪恶的,坏的,罪恶的 e.g. People will soon discover your evil
deeds.
evil还可用作名词,表示“邪恶,罪恶;恶行”。
e.g. The good will defeat the evil in the end.
☆spirit n. 幽灵,鬼魂;精神
e.g. The spirits of dead warriors seemed often to visit the area.
*jealous a. 嫉妒的
e.g. Don’t always be jealous of others.
Back
学林出版社
Next
3. Weddings in Denmark
29
2. These pieces were picked up by girls of marriageable age. 适婚女子会把
碎片捡起来。
of marriageable age做定语,修饰girls。
☆marriageable a. 适宜结婚的,到达结婚年龄的
e.g. She is not of marriageable age.
May is a marriageable month.
3. The girl with the largest piece would marry first while the girl with the
smallest one would never be able to get married. 捡到最大碎片的女子注定
会第一个结婚,而捡到最小碎片的女子注定会孤独终身。
这是由while引导的并列句,表示一种对比关系。
e.g. Some stayed while others left.
Back
学林出版社
Next
4. Cannes Film Festival
30
Jack and Susan are talking about the Cannes Film Festival. Put
the sentences in the correct order. Then role-play the dialogue
with a partner.
Back
学林出版社
Next
4. Cannes Film Festival
31
1
Jack:
But I watched on TV that the weather wasn’t fine that day.
2
Jack:
Hi, Susan, you’re back. How was your trip?
3
Jack:
How long did the festival last?
4
Jack:
So you were finally able to be present at the opening ceremony of the
Cannes Film Festival.
5
Jack:
Did the ceremony start with a Spanish film La Mala Education?
6
Susan: The rainy weather and dark skies couldn’t hold back people’s
enthusiasm.
7
Susan: Yes. You know I’d been looking forward to that.
8
Susan: You said it. This marked the first time the festival has opened with a
Spanish film.
9
Susan: It ran from the opening ceremony on the evening of May 12 until the
closing ceremony on May 23.
10
Susan: It was wonderful.
ANSWER
学林出版社
(2)-(10)-(4)-(7)-(1)-(6)-(5)-(8)-(3)-(9)
Back
Next
Text Lead-in
32
A. Which wedding ceremony do you prefer? Western style or Chinese
style?
B. List out some vows at a western wedding ceremony. Role-play the
wedding procedure.
Back
学林出版社
Next
5. Opening Ceremony Speech
33
Read the welcome speech by Rebecca at the Opening Ceremony of the
Hong Kong International Travel Expo Hong Kong (ITE HK) (adapted).
Then do the exercises.
I am happy to be here today to
extend to you all a very warm
welcome to Hong Kong on the
occasion of the opening ceremony of
the Hong Kong International Travel
Expo.
Over the past 16 years, the ITE has
become one of the leading travel
expositions in Asia. It is very
important to us, as Hong Kong is the
established home to this important
trade event.
Translation
学林出版社
香港国际旅游博览会开幕式欢迎辞
*extend
vt. 致,给予
Expo是Exposition的缩写。
e.g.
The Chairperson extended
值此香港国际旅游博览会开幕之际
e.g.theThe
Russian
Expo
on
occasion
of Dinosaur
值……之际
warm welcome to all guests
,我非常高兴地对各位嘉宾的到来致
is the I’m
largest
e.g.
heretraveling
to give dinosaur
you all
present at the meeting.
以热烈欢迎。
exposition
in the
my
best wishes
onworld.
the occasion of
☆established
a.
已确立的;公认
I extend my heartful thanks for
在过去的16年中,香港旅博会已成
the
WorldFestival.
Expo 2010 Shanghai
the
Spring
的
your help.
China
为亚洲最主要的旅游博览会之一。香
e.g. This is a well established fact.
港作为这一重要贸易活动的中心,对
我们而言意义重大。
Back
Next
5. Opening Ceremony Speech
34
In the midst of tourism growth in
Hong Kong, we know only too well
that tourists’ choices are growing
quickly. We are also aware of the
competition from other places. That
is why we must keep reviewing our
position and work hard to strengthen
it.
I would like to end by wishing ITE
HK great success and all of you a
successful and memorable stay in
Hong Kong. Thank you.
在香港旅游业的良性增长中,
only too 实在,非常
我们也深切了解到游客面临的选择
e.g. If you’d like me to help
将会越来越多。我们也意识到来自
you,
I’d be
too glad to.
be
aware
of only
意识到
*strengthen
vt.
巩固
其他地区的竞争。因此,我们需要
Mark
was was
only
too ofhappy
e.g.
No one
aware
danger.to
e.g.
Exercise
will strengthen your
agree
with her.
不断审时度势,努力巩固我们的地
body.
☆memorable
a. 难忘的
尤其要注意,在too
... to do结
位。
You
can
see athe
area where
we
e.g.
It was
memorable
day for
构前面若加上only,就不再是
最后,预祝香港国际旅游博览
need
to strengthen.
business
students and chemical
“太……以致于不”的意思了
会取得圆满成功。祝愿各位来宾的
engineering
students.
,此时要将only
too看作是一个
香港之行硕果累累、美好难忘。谢
短语。
谢!
Translation
学林出版社
Back
Next
5. Opening Ceremony Speech
35
A. Answer the following questions.
1. Which of the following sentences will be put at the beginning of a speech?
a, c, d, f
_____________
2. Which sentences will be put at the end of a speech? _______
b, e
a. It is a great pleasure for me to be present at this ceremony.
b. Finally, I wish this event great success and wish all of you a pleasant stay
here.
c. I would like to extend my warmest welcome to all of you.
d. This is a very happy and memorable occasion for me.
e. I hope your visit here will be happy and memorable.
f. It gives me great pleasure to have this chance of being with you all today.
Back
学林出版社
Next
5. Opening Ceremony Speech
36
B. Fill in the blanks to complete the sentences, using the
correct forms of the words in the box.
grow
establish
lead
strength
compete
leading actor in Pirates of the Caribbean.
1. Johnny Depp is the ________
established in the town.
2. The firm was soon firmly __________
growth is most important.
3. Economic ________
competition
4. Everyone in modern society faces keen ___________from
other people.
5. The soldiers have strengthened
__________ their defenses.
Back
学林出版社
Next
6. Writing a welcome speech
37
Complete a welcome speech for the opening ceremony for
your school’s new library, referring to the Mind Map.
Mind Map
1. the opening ceremony
2. need a new and better library
3. make good use of
4. take good care of
5. wish … great success
Back
学林出版社
Next
6. Writing a welcome speech
38
A Welcome Speech for the Opening Ceremony
for the New Library
I am glad to be here today to warmly welcome all of you to our
_______
school
the opening ceremony for our new library
on the occasion of _________________________________.
We know very well that the old library has not been able to offer
enough books for our teachers and students for the past two years. We also
need a new and better library to help with their
understand that both of them _____________________________________
____________________.
Today the new library is opened, so I hope
teaching and learning
they can make good use of it and take good care of it
___________________________________________.
I would like to end by wishing _____________________________
this opening ceremony great success
and
all of you greater achievements with the help of our new library
______________________________________________________.
Thank you very much!
Back
学林出版社
Next
7. Read me!
39
White Christmas
The sun is shining, the grass is green,
The orange and palm trees sway (摇晃).
There’s never been such a day in Beverly Hills, LA.
But it’s December the 24th,
And I’m longing to be up north.
I’m dreaming of a white Christmas,
Just like the ones I used to know,
Where the treetops glisten.
And children listen
To hear sleigh (雪橇) bells in the snow.
I’m dreaming of a white Christmas,
With every Christmas card I write,
May your days be merry and bright,
And may all your Christmases be white.
I’m dreaming of a white Christmas,
Just like the ones I used to know,
Back
学林出版社
Next
Grammar
40
Exercise I
Choose the best answer to indicate the basic pattern or complete
each sentence.
1. The bank loaned him half a million yuan to buy an apartment near
his company.
A. S + V + Cs
B. S + V + O
C. S + V + Oi +Od
D. S + V +Od +Co
2. The beggar found the policeman fixing his eyes on his bag.
A. S + V + Cs
B. S + V + O
C. S + V + Oi +Od
D. S + V +Od +Co
Back
学林出版社
Next
Grammar
41
3. There always _____ some risk for investment in the stock market.
A. has
B. exists
C. have
D. to be
4. There ____ five traffic accidents in this part of the road this week.
A. are
B. had been
C. have been
D. be
5. In our company, great changes ___ since the new manager came.
A. took place
B. take place
C. will have taken place
D. have taken place
Back
学林出版社
Next
Grammar
42
6. Ever since I arrived here, I ____ in the dormitory because it is
cheaper.
A. lived
B. was living
C. had been living
D. have been living
7. Though he ____ well prepared before the job interview, he
failed to answer some important questions.
A. will be
B. would be
C. has been
D. had been
8. According to my schedule, I ____ the report by the end of this
week.
A. will have finished
B. should be finishing
C. will be finishing
D. am going to finish
学林出版社
Back
Next
Grammar
43
9. She has refused her husband’s suggestion that she give up her job just
because she _______ a baby.
A. has expected
B. will expect
C. is expecting
D. will be expecting
10. By the time you get to Shanghai tomorrow, I _______ for
Chongqing.
A. am leaving
B. will leave
C. shall have left
D. had left
11. This time next week I’ll be on vacation. Probably I _______ on a
beautiful beach.
A. am lying
B. have lain
C. will be lying
D. will have lain
Back
学林出版社
Next
Grammar
44
12. Linda feels exhausted because she _______ so many visitors
today.
A. has been having
B. had been having
C. was having
D. had had
13. The project to clear up the polluted river _______ by the end of
next year.
A. will have been completed
B. will have completed
C. is being completed
D. has been completed
14. I didn’t go with them to the beach yesterday. But I do wish I
_______ there.
A. have been
B. had been
C. was
D. am
Back
学林出版社
Next
Grammar
45
15. If you _______ smoking and drinking, your health will improve
soon.
A. gave up
C. had given up
B. give up
D. will give up
16. This article is well written because special attention _______ to the
choice of words and style of writing.
A. had been paid
C. will be paid
B. has been paid
D. will have been paid
17. According to the official, the space shuttle _______ in the outer
space at this time tomorrow.
A. will be flying
C. will have flown
学林出版社
B. will fly
D. would be flying
Back
Next
Grammar
46
18. The swimmer seemed very tired as he _______ for at least eight
hours already.
A. was swimming
B. had swum
C. had been swimming
D. has been swimming
19. None of them realized what _______ in the next room when the rain
was pouring down.
A. went on
B. had gone on
C. would go on
D. was going on
20. Before the trial last week, the public _______over the killing of the
official by a waitress.
A. had been arguing
B. were arguing
C. have been arguing
D. argue
Back
学林出版社
Next
Grammar
47
Exercise II
Fill in each blank with the proper form of the word given in the
brackets.
has enjoyed/has been enjoying a better health since
1. My mother (enjoy) _________________________
we came to live in this beautiful seaside city.
will have found a good solution to
2. By the end of next month, we (find) _____________
the technical problem.
3. He doesn’t know much of the local tradition as he (not be) has
________
not been
there up till now.
will have earned sixty credits by the time they
4. Most students (earn) ______________
graduate.
had not drunk so much coffee yesterday afternoon, I
5. If I (not drink) _____________
would have been able to sleep well last night.
Back
学林出版社
Next
Grammar
6. I (work) have worked/have been working
48
in the Human Resources
Department since I joined the company five months ago.
will have lived in this small
7. By this time next year my family (live) _____________
town for 20 years.
will travel by bike on the
8. The boy is daydreaming that he (travel) __________
Moon someday in the future.
9.
The
doctor
wanted
to
know
how
the
patient
(react)
had reacted/had been reacting to the new medicine during the past week.
_______________________
had failed to do at the
10. No one was blaming her for what she (fail) _________
moment.
Back
学林出版社
Next
Grammar
49
walks/is (always) walking her dog at this
11. The lady always (walk) _____________________
time of the day.
will be delivering
12. Believe it or not, as I’m sick my dog (deliver) _________________
newspapers for you at seven a.m. tomorrow.
played
13. To our amusement, her pet duck (play) _______dead
when she
forgot to feed it yesterday afternoon.
has been working on
14. North Korea has claimed that it (work on) ____________________
nuclear weapons these years.
had given up
15. It was over ten years since my father (give up) ______________
both smoking and drinking.
Back
学林出版社
Next
普通高等教育“十一·五”规划教材
Thank you!
Fly UP