普通高等教育“十一·五”规划教材 Beyond Oxford Practical college English Course 学林出版社 预备级 Table of Contents 2 Ten Festivals and Celebrations 喜庆连连 Festivals 节日庆典 Ceremonies 庆典仪式 学林出版社 Back Next Festivals 节日庆典 3 Focus S: Festivals around us L: Waiting for Santa Claus L: Special things for special days S: Sending e-cards R: Thanksgiving W: Writing a New Year greeting card 语法重读 Back 学林出版社 Next 1. Starter — Festivals around us 4 Look at the pictures. What are they about? Match them with the following sentences. ( B ) 1. People hold boat races at the Dragon Boat Festival. ( C ) 2. Fireworks are let off to celebrate the Spring Festival. (A ) 3. Mooncakes are especially welcomed for celebrating the Midautumn Festival. Back 学林出版社 Next 1. Starter — Festivals around us 5 Notes 1. People hold boat races at the Dragon Boat Festival. 人们会在端午节举 行划船比赛。 *festival n. 节日，喜庆日 e.g. This is the most important festival in this country. festival的形容词形式是festive，意思是“节日的，欢乐的，喜庆的”。 e.g. The city took on a festival air. 该词的名词性延伸词为festivity，意思是“节日欢庆；喜庆”。 e.g. I hope this festivity will end soon and I will return to a more normal life. 2. Fireworks are let off to celebrate the Spring Festival. 人们燃放烟花以庆 祝春节。 let off意为“燃放，使爆炸”。 e.g. Boys like to let off crackers. Back 学林出版社 Next 2. Waiting for Santa Claus 6 Lee and Mary are talking about the Christmas vacation. Listen to the tape or CD and fill in the blanks to complete the sentences. local family 1. Lee spent the Christmas holiday with a __________. lovely gifts put on the Christmas tree. 2. There were a lot of _________ Christmas stockings for the gifts 3. Lee and his friends hung some _________________ from Santa Claus. 4. Lee had a really ________________. wonderful holiday Back 学林出版社 Next 2. Waiting for Santa Claus 7 Mary: Hello, Lee. Did you enjoy your Christmas vacation? Lee: Sure. I spent the holiday with the Smiths, a local family. Mary: Yes? Lee: We decorated a Christmas tree and put a lot of lovely gifts under it. Mary: Sounds great. You must also have prepared something for the gifts from Santa Claus? Lee: Ha, yes. We got several Christmas stockings. Mary: Ah, it seems you had a really wonderful holiday. Back 学林出版社 Next 2. Waiting for Santa Claus 8 Notes 1. I spent the holiday with the Smiths, a local family. 我和当地史密斯一家 一起过的节。 the Smiths指代史密斯一家人。通常，英语中“the＋姓氏复数”表示某 某一家人。例如：the Jones，the Whites等。 a local family是the Smiths的同位语，起补充说明作用。 2. You must also have prepared something for the gifts from Santa Claus? 你一定为迎接圣诞老人的礼物做了些准备吧？ must have done sth.是一个表示对过去或刚刚结束的动作进行推测的结构 。may，might也可以用于这个结构，不过可能性较小。还有一点要记住 ，“must/may/might+现在完成时”结构只用于表示肯定的推测。如果要 表示对过去否定的推测，或用于疑问句中表示推测，可以用can’t和can。 Back 学林出版社 Next 3. Special things for special days 9 Each special day has its own special things or activities. Listen to the tape or CD and fill in the blanks. Every country has its own (1) ________ festivals and the West is no (2) different _________. celebrated Christmas, In the West, four festivals are often (3) _________: Easter, Thanksgiving and Halloween. For Christmas, a big meal, a must On Easter, people eat Christmas tree, and gifts are all a (4)______. eggs Pumpkin pie and roast turkey are popular on chocolate (5) _____. fun for children. They love carving Thanksgiving. Halloween is (6) ____ pumpkin lanterns. Back 学林出版社 Next 4. Sending e-cards 10 Focus in 1 4pairs to role-play the situation. Work A B ◆ Asks B what to send to his/her ◆ Wants to send some e- friends for the coming Mid-autumn cards to his/her friends Festival ◆ Says there are a lot of ◆ Asks how to choose or make a card websites for him/her to ◆ Wants to surf the Internet and tries choose to make some e-cards by himself/ ◆ Says it is easy to design herself some cartoon e-cards with the ◆ Thanks B for his/her advice help of some websites Click Here For Reference Answer 学林出版社 Back Next 4. Sending e-cards 11 A: Hi, Nelson, the Mid-autumn Festival is coming soon. Have you had your gifts ready? B: A: B: Sure. I’m going to send some e-cards for my friends. Sounds great. But is it difficult to send an e-card? I don’t think so. In fact, there are a lot of websites. And you can also make one by yourself. A: B: Can I design a card by myself? Certainly. With the help of some websites, we can make or design some cartoon e-cards by ourselves. A: That’s wonderful. Then I’ll surf the Internet and try to design some e-cards by myself. Thank you so much. You are welcome. B: Back 学林出版社 Next 12 Text Lead-in A. Do you think we Chinese should celebrate thanksgiving? B. What is the typical food of thanksgiving dinner? Hints On the dinner table, people will find apples, oranges, chestnuts, walnuts and grapes. There will be plum pudding, mince pie, other varieties of food and cranberry juice and squash. The best and most attractive among them are roast turkey and pumpkin pie. Back 学林出版社 Next 5. Thanksgiving 13 Read the passage on Thanksgiving and do the exercises. Thanksgiving is a holiday celebrated in much of North America, generally observed as an expression of gratitude, usually to God. The most common view of its origin is that it was to give thanks to God for the autumn harvest. In the United States, the holiday is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. In Canada, where the harvest generally ends earlier in the year, the holiday is celebrated on the second Monday in October. Translation 学林出版社 *harvest n. 收获，收割，收 *generally ad. 一般地，通常， 感恩节 成 ☆gratitude n. 感激，感谢 大体上 北美大部分地区的人们都庆祝感 e.g. They will have a good e.g. He Tom for dinner ☆origin n.invited 起源，来源，起因 e.g. He generally keeps silent at 恩节，通常是为了表达对上帝的感 harvest this year. 激之情。关于它的起源，最普遍的 to e.g.express Dohis yougratitude. know the origin of meetings. After the harvest we stored the 说法是：这个节日是为了感谢上帝 Don’t overdo your gratitude. this word? Children generally dislike carrots. grain. 赐予秋天的丰收。在美国，人们在 Many American people are of 此 外 ， harvest 还 可 用 作 及 物 11月的第四个星期四过感恩节。而 British origin. 在加拿大，收获通常结束得早，因 动词，表示“收割，收获”。 此这个节日也被提早到十月的第二 e.g. We got ready to harvest the 个星期一庆祝。 wheat. Back Next 5. Thanksgiving 14 Thanksgiving is traditionally celebrated with a feast shared among friends and family. In the United States, it is an important family holiday, and people often travel across the country to be with family members for the holiday. (To be continued) *share vt. 分享，分担，共有 *traditionally ad. 传统地 在感恩节这天，人们通常和亲 e.g. We can share one e.g. Chocolate eggs are 朋好友共享一顿丰盛的大餐。在美 umbrella. traditionally eaten on Easter Day. We share a lot of interests. 国，它是重要的家庭聚会日，人们 Traditionally, we eat fried foods share还可用作名词，表示“一 为和家人聚到一起过节，会不辞辛 on that day. 份，份额；股份”。 苦长途跋涉回家。 traditionally派生自名词tradition， e.g. I had no share in the 意思是“传统，惯例”。 matter. e.g. They value Chinese She’s got all her money in stocks traditions. and shares. Translation 学林出版社 Back Next 5. Thanksgiving 15 The Thanksgiving holiday is generally a four-day weekend in the United States, in which Americans Thursday are and given the Friday off. Thanksgiving is almost entirely celebrated at home, unlike the Fourth of July, which is linked to a variety of shared public celebrations. 此处unlike是介词，引导一个方式（比 较）状语。 a variety ad. of 种种，各种 美国的感恩节通常是一个“四日 *entirely 全部地，整个地 *unlike prep. 不同于，不似 e.g. IThis shopagree dealswith in watches e.g. entirely you. e.g. This photo is very unlike him. 周末”，因为周四和周五都放假。 in a him, variety of styles. 该词还可以用作形容词，意为“不似 For it will be a entirely new 感恩节基本都在家里庆祝，这点不 A variety of products are shown 的，不像的”。 hobby. 同于有着各种公众庆典活动的国庆 e.g.the Theshelves. two brothers are very much on entirely 派 生 自 形 容 词 entire ， 表 unlike. 节。 This restaurant offers a variety of 示“全部的，整个的”。 unlike由like加否定前缀un-构成，like breakfast e.g. I readfoods. the entire book. 还可以与否定前缀dis-构成一个动词， 此处a variety of的意思相当于a 即dislike（不喜欢）。 lot different e.g. of I dislike whatthings。 he says and what he does. Translation 学林出版社 Back Next 5. Thanksgiving 16 Focus 15 A. Choose the best answer according to the passage. 1. Thanksgiving is celebrated on _____ in the United States. A. the first Thursday in November B. the fourth Thursday in December C. the first Friday in December D. the fourth Thursday in November 2. People in Canada usually ______. A. do not celebrate Thanksgiving B. celebrate Thanksgiving on the same day as the Americans C. celebrate Thanksgiving earlier than the Americans D. celebrate Thanksgiving later than the Americans Back 学林出版社 Next 5. Thanksgiving 17 Focus 1 5 3. People in the United Sates celebrate Thanksgiving _____. A. at home B. at large restaurants C. in parks D. publicly 4. For Thanksgiving, people in the US can usually stay away from work for _____ days. A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 Back 学林出版社 Next 5. Thanksgiving 18 B. Find in the text the words or expressions with similar meanings to the following. 1. different from unlike __________ 2. many kinds of a variety of __________ 3. celebrate observe __________ 4. wholly __________ entirely 5. thankfulness gratitude __________ Back 学林出版社 Next 6. Writing a New Year greeting card 19 Focusare 1 6to write a New Year greeting card to your client. Read the You sentences in the box. Then select four of them to complete the four- sentence New Year greeting card below. Dear Mr. Smith, As the year ends, we think about all we are grateful for. Our _______________________________________________________ relationship with you is one thing we treasure. Thank you for the _______________________________________________________ opportunity to serve you. _______________________________________________________ We wish you a merry Christmas and much success in the new _______________________________________________________ year. ___________________ Sincerely yours, John Lee Back 学林出版社 Next 6. Writing a New Year greeting card 1. Focus 1 6joyous (快乐的) time At this 20 of year, we are grateful (感激的) for our work with you. 2. As the year ends, we think about all we are grateful for. 3. Best wishes for a prosperous (繁荣的) new year. 4. I hope you and all your co-workers, family, and friends have a lovely holiday season. 5. I hope you have a holiday that fills your heart with joy! 6. It has been a pleasure to work with you this year. 7. Merry Christmas! 8. Our relationship with you is one thing we treasure (重视). 9. Thank you for the opportunity to serve you. 10. We wish you a merry Christmas and much success in the new year. 11. We wish you happiness and peace in a new year filled with hope. Happy holidays! 12. We wish you the best of holidays and a happy new year! 学林出版社 Back Next 7. Read me! 21 Back 学林出版社 Next Ceremonies 庆典仪式 22 Focus S: Important ceremonies L: German Oktoberfest L: Weddings in Denmark S: Cannes Film Festival R: Opening ceremony speech W: Writing a welcome speech R: White Christmas 综合练习 Back 学林出版社 Next 1. Starter — Important ceremonies 23 Look at the pictures of some ceremonies and match them with the names. Graduation ceremony C Opening ceremony Award ceremony Wedding ceremony Anniversary ceremony B D A E Back 学林出版社 Next 2. German Oktoberfest 24 A foreign student is asking a German student about the Oktoberfest. Listen to the tape or CD and choose the best answer to complete the dialogue. Back 学林出版社 Next 2. German Oktoberfest 25 Arnold: Hello, Martin, I really enjoyed the Oktoberfest celebration this Friday. I thought Oktoberfest was just (A. a beer festival B. a bear festival C. a beer ceremony)! Can you tell me more about it? Martin: The Oktoberfest is not only about (A. drinking wine and partying B. drinking beer and partying C. beer drinking and taking part in it). It has a lot of history behind it. Arnold: Yes. I learned about (A. the festival and ceremony B. the tradition and festival C. the tradition and culture), and at the same time, we were getting up there and dancing. It was really fun. Martin: Even though beer is a big part of the culture, people don’t drink just to get drunk. In fact, (A. be drinking B. getting drunk C. drink wine) is not allowed. Arnold: This tells something about (A. German festival B. German tradition C. German culture) that people don’t really understand. This is a very good chance to get to know the German culture. ANSWER A-B-C-B-C 学林出版社 Back Next 3. Weddings in Denmark 26 Wedding customs are different from culture to culture. Listen to the tape or CD and answer the following questions. 1. Why did the Danish people prepare for a wedding secretly? Because they thought that to show happiness openly would make evil spirits angry and jealous. 2. What would happen at the end of the wedding ceremony? A jar of beer would be broken into pieces. 3. What did the broken pieces of the jar indicate? The girl who picked up the largest piece would get married first, while the girl with the smallest one would never be able to get married. Back 学林出版社 Next 3. Weddings in Denmark 27 Until recently, in some country areas of Denmark, preparations for a wedding lasted for many days but were made secretly, because to show happiness openly would make evil spirits angry and jealous. At the end of the ceremony a large jar of beer was taken to the courtyard. The hands of the new couple were joined over the jar and it was broken into pieces. These pieces were picked up by girls of marriageable age. The girl with the largest piece would marry first while the girl with the smallest one would never be able to get married. Back 学林出版社 Next 3. Weddings in Denmark 28 Notes 1. Preparations for a wedding lasted for many days but were made secretly, because to show happiness openly would make evil spirits angry and jealous. 人 们会花好几天进行婚礼的筹备工作，但筹备是秘密进行的，因为大肆张扬幸 福将会触怒恶灵，招来他们的嫉妒。 *secretly ad. 秘密地 e.g. He entered the room secretly. secretly的形容词形式是secret，表示“秘密的，机密的”。 e.g. This is their secret hiding place. secret还可用作名词，表示“秘密”。e.g. This is our secret. ☆evil a. 邪恶的，坏的，罪恶的 e.g. People will soon discover your evil deeds. evil还可用作名词，表示“邪恶，罪恶；恶行”。 e.g. The good will defeat the evil in the end. ☆spirit n. 幽灵，鬼魂；精神 e.g. The spirits of dead warriors seemed often to visit the area. *jealous a. 嫉妒的 e.g. Don’t always be jealous of others. Back 学林出版社 Next 3. Weddings in Denmark 29 2. These pieces were picked up by girls of marriageable age. 适婚女子会把 碎片捡起来。 of marriageable age做定语，修饰girls。 ☆marriageable a. 适宜结婚的，到达结婚年龄的 e.g. She is not of marriageable age. May is a marriageable month. 3. The girl with the largest piece would marry first while the girl with the smallest one would never be able to get married. 捡到最大碎片的女子注定 会第一个结婚，而捡到最小碎片的女子注定会孤独终身。 这是由while引导的并列句，表示一种对比关系。 e.g. Some stayed while others left. Back 学林出版社 Next 4. Cannes Film Festival 30 Jack and Susan are talking about the Cannes Film Festival. Put the sentences in the correct order. Then role-play the dialogue with a partner. Back 学林出版社 Next 4. Cannes Film Festival 31 1 Jack: But I watched on TV that the weather wasn’t fine that day. 2 Jack: Hi, Susan, you’re back. How was your trip? 3 Jack: How long did the festival last? 4 Jack: So you were finally able to be present at the opening ceremony of the Cannes Film Festival. 5 Jack: Did the ceremony start with a Spanish film La Mala Education? 6 Susan: The rainy weather and dark skies couldn’t hold back people’s enthusiasm. 7 Susan: Yes. You know I’d been looking forward to that. 8 Susan: You said it. This marked the first time the festival has opened with a Spanish film. 9 Susan: It ran from the opening ceremony on the evening of May 12 until the closing ceremony on May 23. 10 Susan: It was wonderful. ANSWER 学林出版社 (2)-(10)-(4)-(7)-(1)-(6)-(5)-(8)-(3)-(9) Back Next Text Lead-in 32 A. Which wedding ceremony do you prefer? Western style or Chinese style? B. List out some vows at a western wedding ceremony. Role-play the wedding procedure. Back 学林出版社 Next 5. Opening Ceremony Speech 33 Read the welcome speech by Rebecca at the Opening Ceremony of the Hong Kong International Travel Expo Hong Kong (ITE HK) (adapted). Then do the exercises. I am happy to be here today to extend to you all a very warm welcome to Hong Kong on the occasion of the opening ceremony of the Hong Kong International Travel Expo. Over the past 16 years, the ITE has become one of the leading travel expositions in Asia. It is very important to us, as Hong Kong is the established home to this important trade event. Translation 学林出版社 香港国际旅游博览会开幕式欢迎辞 *extend vt. 致，给予 Expo是Exposition的缩写。 e.g. The Chairperson extended 值此香港国际旅游博览会开幕之际 e.g.theThe Russian Expo on occasion of Dinosaur 值……之际 warm welcome to all guests ，我非常高兴地对各位嘉宾的到来致 is the I’m largest e.g. heretraveling to give dinosaur you all present at the meeting. 以热烈欢迎。 exposition in the my best wishes onworld. the occasion of ☆established a. 已确立的；公认 I extend my heartful thanks for 在过去的16年中，香港旅博会已成 the WorldFestival. Expo 2010 Shanghai the Spring 的 your help. China 为亚洲最主要的旅游博览会之一。香 e.g. This is a well established fact. 港作为这一重要贸易活动的中心，对 我们而言意义重大。 Back Next 5. Opening Ceremony Speech 34 In the midst of tourism growth in Hong Kong, we know only too well that tourists’ choices are growing quickly. We are also aware of the competition from other places. That is why we must keep reviewing our position and work hard to strengthen it. I would like to end by wishing ITE HK great success and all of you a successful and memorable stay in Hong Kong. Thank you. 在香港旅游业的良性增长中， only too 实在，非常 我们也深切了解到游客面临的选择 e.g. If you’d like me to help 将会越来越多。我们也意识到来自 you, I’d be too glad to. be aware of only 意识到 *strengthen vt. 巩固 其他地区的竞争。因此，我们需要 Mark was was only too ofhappy e.g. No one aware danger.to e.g. Exercise will strengthen your agree with her. 不断审时度势，努力巩固我们的地 body. ☆memorable a. 难忘的 尤其要注意，在too ... to do结 位。 You can see athe area where we e.g. It was memorable day for 构前面若加上only，就不再是 最后，预祝香港国际旅游博览 need to strengthen. business students and chemical “太……以致于不”的意思了 会取得圆满成功。祝愿各位来宾的 engineering students. ，此时要将only too看作是一个 香港之行硕果累累、美好难忘。谢 短语。 谢！ Translation 学林出版社 Back Next 5. Opening Ceremony Speech 35 A. Answer the following questions. 1. Which of the following sentences will be put at the beginning of a speech? a, c, d, f _____________ 2. Which sentences will be put at the end of a speech? _______ b, e a. It is a great pleasure for me to be present at this ceremony. b. Finally, I wish this event great success and wish all of you a pleasant stay here. c. I would like to extend my warmest welcome to all of you. d. This is a very happy and memorable occasion for me. e. I hope your visit here will be happy and memorable. f. It gives me great pleasure to have this chance of being with you all today. Back 学林出版社 Next 5. Opening Ceremony Speech 36 B. Fill in the blanks to complete the sentences, using the correct forms of the words in the box. grow establish lead strength compete leading actor in Pirates of the Caribbean. 1. Johnny Depp is the ________ established in the town. 2. The firm was soon firmly __________ growth is most important. 3. Economic ________ competition 4. Everyone in modern society faces keen ___________from other people. 5. The soldiers have strengthened __________ their defenses. Back 学林出版社 Next 6. Writing a welcome speech 37 Complete a welcome speech for the opening ceremony for your school’s new library, referring to the Mind Map. Mind Map 1. the opening ceremony 2. need a new and better library 3. make good use of 4. take good care of 5. wish … great success Back 学林出版社 Next 6. Writing a welcome speech 38 A Welcome Speech for the Opening Ceremony for the New Library I am glad to be here today to warmly welcome all of you to our _______ school the opening ceremony for our new library on the occasion of _________________________________. We know very well that the old library has not been able to offer enough books for our teachers and students for the past two years. We also need a new and better library to help with their understand that both of them _____________________________________ ____________________. Today the new library is opened, so I hope teaching and learning they can make good use of it and take good care of it ___________________________________________. I would like to end by wishing _____________________________ this opening ceremony great success and all of you greater achievements with the help of our new library ______________________________________________________. Thank you very much! Back 学林出版社 Next 7. Read me! 39 White Christmas The sun is shining, the grass is green, The orange and palm trees sway (摇晃). There’s never been such a day in Beverly Hills, LA. But it’s December the 24th, And I’m longing to be up north. I’m dreaming of a white Christmas, Just like the ones I used to know, Where the treetops glisten. And children listen To hear sleigh (雪橇) bells in the snow. I’m dreaming of a white Christmas, With every Christmas card I write, May your days be merry and bright, And may all your Christmases be white. I’m dreaming of a white Christmas, Just like the ones I used to know, Back 学林出版社 Next Grammar 40 Exercise I Choose the best answer to indicate the basic pattern or complete each sentence. 1. The bank loaned him half a million yuan to buy an apartment near his company. A. S + V + Cs B. S + V + O C. S + V + Oi +Od D. S + V +Od +Co 2. The beggar found the policeman fixing his eyes on his bag. A. S + V + Cs B. S + V + O C. S + V + Oi +Od D. S + V +Od +Co Back 学林出版社 Next Grammar 41 3. There always _____ some risk for investment in the stock market. A. has B. exists C. have D. to be 4. There ____ five traffic accidents in this part of the road this week. A. are B. had been C. have been D. be 5. In our company, great changes ___ since the new manager came. A. took place B. take place C. will have taken place D. have taken place Back 学林出版社 Next Grammar 42 6. Ever since I arrived here, I ____ in the dormitory because it is cheaper. A. lived B. was living C. had been living D. have been living 7. Though he ____ well prepared before the job interview, he failed to answer some important questions. A. will be B. would be C. has been D. had been 8. According to my schedule, I ____ the report by the end of this week. A. will have finished B. should be finishing C. will be finishing D. am going to finish 学林出版社 Back Next Grammar 43 9. She has refused her husband’s suggestion that she give up her job just because she _______ a baby. A. has expected B. will expect C. is expecting D. will be expecting 10. By the time you get to Shanghai tomorrow, I _______ for Chongqing. A. am leaving B. will leave C. shall have left D. had left 11. This time next week I’ll be on vacation. Probably I _______ on a beautiful beach. A. am lying B. have lain C. will be lying D. will have lain Back 学林出版社 Next Grammar 44 12. Linda feels exhausted because she _______ so many visitors today. A. has been having B. had been having C. was having D. had had 13. The project to clear up the polluted river _______ by the end of next year. A. will have been completed B. will have completed C. is being completed D. has been completed 14. I didn’t go with them to the beach yesterday. But I do wish I _______ there. A. have been B. had been C. was D. am Back 学林出版社 Next Grammar 45 15. If you _______ smoking and drinking, your health will improve soon. A. gave up C. had given up B. give up D. will give up 16. This article is well written because special attention _______ to the choice of words and style of writing. A. had been paid C. will be paid B. has been paid D. will have been paid 17. According to the official, the space shuttle _______ in the outer space at this time tomorrow. A. will be flying C. will have flown 学林出版社 B. will fly D. would be flying Back Next Grammar 46 18. The swimmer seemed very tired as he _______ for at least eight hours already. A. was swimming B. had swum C. had been swimming D. has been swimming 19. None of them realized what _______ in the next room when the rain was pouring down. A. went on B. had gone on C. would go on D. was going on 20. Before the trial last week, the public _______over the killing of the official by a waitress. A. had been arguing B. were arguing C. have been arguing D. argue Back 学林出版社 Next Grammar 47 Exercise II Fill in each blank with the proper form of the word given in the brackets. has enjoyed/has been enjoying a better health since 1. My mother (enjoy) _________________________ we came to live in this beautiful seaside city. will have found a good solution to 2. By the end of next month, we (find) _____________ the technical problem. 3. He doesn’t know much of the local tradition as he (not be) has ________ not been there up till now. will have earned sixty credits by the time they 4. Most students (earn) ______________ graduate. had not drunk so much coffee yesterday afternoon, I 5. If I (not drink) _____________ would have been able to sleep well last night. Back 学林出版社 Next Grammar 6. I (work) have worked/have been working 48 in the Human Resources Department since I joined the company five months ago. will have lived in this small 7. By this time next year my family (live) _____________ town for 20 years. will travel by bike on the 8. The boy is daydreaming that he (travel) __________ Moon someday in the future. 9. The doctor wanted to know how the patient (react) had reacted/had been reacting to the new medicine during the past week. _______________________ had failed to do at the 10. No one was blaming her for what she (fail) _________ moment. Back 学林出版社 Next Grammar 49 walks/is (always) walking her dog at this 11. The lady always (walk) _____________________ time of the day. will be delivering 12. Believe it or not, as I’m sick my dog (deliver) _________________ newspapers for you at seven a.m. tomorrow. played 13. To our amusement, her pet duck (play) _______dead when she forgot to feed it yesterday afternoon. has been working on 14. North Korea has claimed that it (work on) ____________________ nuclear weapons these years. had given up 15. It was over ten years since my father (give up) ______________ both smoking and drinking. Back 学林出版社 Next 普通高等教育“十一·五”规划教材 Thank you!