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Missouri S&T Academic Dishonesty Policy

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Missouri S&T Academic Dishonesty Policy
“The State of Student Academic
Conduct at Missouri S&T”
How can faculty recognize types of cheating and what actions they can take?
What are the university regulations regarding academic misconduct?
What the University is doing to promote academic integrity?
Diane Hagni, CERTI coordinator
Cheryl Downey-Eber, manager, Testing Center
Barb Prewett, Student Affairs
Harvest Collier, VP-UGS
Integrity in Higher Education
The rapidly changing world is influenced by shifting social,
economic, and political trends that are transforming the way we
conduct business, demands we face, and how we respond.
Major Issues Shaping our Future
–
–
–
–
–
Globalization
Demand for Higher Education
Gaps in Educational Attainment & Achievement
Expanding Technologies
Economic Fluctuations & Higher Education
Now more than ever we must commit our efforts to addressing issues of
quality assurance, student learning and professional integrity.
Changing Dynamics
Trends in higher education and industry impacting integrity
• Student Population
– Increased Enrollment
– Greater Diversification
– Increased Special Needs
(DSS, Counseling, Behavioral)
– Instantaneous Nature
– Technologically Advanced
– Decreased Faculty/Staff to
Student Ratio
– Increased Student Conduct
issues & changing trends
• 38% general student conduct
increase (AY09-10)
• Increase in reported academic
misconduct
• Expectations
– Consumer Mentality
– Accountability Requirements
– Greater Scrutiny
• We have to change our process to
meet the demands
– Industry Demands
• 97% of S&T recruiters report
personal attributes and cultural fit
being very important in the decision
to hire, followed by work experience
(co-op/intern) and analytical skills.
• Other personal attributes:
– Interpersonal skills - 89%
– Understanding professional and
ethical responsibilities - 84%
Data: COC Corporate Services Survey AY09-10
Statistical Findings
•
•
•
According to surveys in U.S. News and World Report
– 80% of "high-achieving" high school students admit to cheating
– 51% of high school students did not believe cheating was wrong
– 75% of college students admitted cheating
– 90% of college students didn't believe cheaters would be caught
– Almost 85% of college students said cheating was necessary to get ahead
Professor Donald McCabe May 2001 study of 4500 high school students:
– 72% of students reported one or more instances of serious cheating
– 52% had copied a few sentences from a website w/o citing the source
– over 45% admitted to collaborating inappropriately with others on work
In a sample of 1,800 students at nine state universities:
– 70% of the students admitted to cheating on exams
– 84% admitted to cheating on written assignments
– 52% had copied a few sentences from a website w/o citing the source
Kerkvliet, J., & Sigmund, C. L. (1999). Can we control cheating in the classroom? Journal of Economic Education, 30(4), 331-351.
Ashworth, P., Bannister, P., & Thorne, P. (1997). "Guilty in whose eyes." Studies in Higher Education, 22(2), 187-203. (EJ 549 250)
November 22, 1999 issue of U.S. News and World Report
The Center for Academic Integrity (http://www.academicintegrity.org/)
McCabe, D. L., & Trevino, L. K. (1996). "What we know about cheating in college: Longitudinal trends and recent developments."
What is Cheating?
Missouri S&T Academic Dishonesty Policy
• The Missouri S&T "Student Academic
Regulations" handbook is available online at
http://registrar.mst.edu/academicregs/index.html
• Page 30 describes the student standard of
conduct relative to the system's Collected Rules
and Regulations section 200.010. It offers the
following descriptions of academic dishonesty
including cheating, plagiarism and sabotage.
Missouri S&T Academic Dishonesty Policy
• In cases of academic dishonesty, the following procedure
is carried out. This procedure follows the collected rules
and regulations referenced below.
• Student Conduct (Collected Rules and Regulations:
200.010)
http://www.umsystem.edu/ums/departments/gc/rules/progr
ams/200/010.shtml
• Rules of Procedures and Student Conduct Matters
(Collected Rules and Regulations: 200.020)
http://www.umsystem.edu/ums/departments/gc/rules/progr
ams/200/020.shtml
Likelihood of Classroom Cheating
Presented at the 2008 Association of Test
Publishers (ATP) Conference
Incorrigible no matter what this group will cheat
Malleable-depending upon circumstances can
join Ethical or Incorrigible – spontaneous
cheating
Ethical - this group does not
consider cheating an option
Fremer, John & Mulkey, Jamie. (2008). 10 Test Security Lessons from the 2008 ATP Conference. Retrieved August 21,2008,
from http://www.caveon.com
Academic Cheating Examples
Phone and MP3 cheating
Braindumps
Organized group cheating
The use of Bluetooth technology
Traditional methods, from cheat sheets to body writing
Online “how to cheat” tutorials
(file:///Users/hcollier/Desktop/Academic%20Issues/Academic%20Dishonesty/Articles%20Faculty%20Focus/how
%20to%20cheat%20tutorials%20-%20Google%20Search.webarchive)
Examples of What Faculty Can Do
If space permits, arrange students so that there are empty chairs in between each
student.
Have assigned seating during tests, making sure to separate friends.
Display signs at the test center entrance regarding use of cell phones.
Have a policy that no personal belongings are permitted in the testing area and all
such belongings will be confiscated.
Ask students to keep hands in plain sight above the table top.
Instruct students to keep their test papers close to their body and on the surface of
the table during the test.
Don’t sit in the front of the room. Walk around and monitor students frequently.
Don’t allow more than one student to go to the restroom at a time.
When a student leaves for the restroom, collect his test and hold it until he returns.
Mary Bart in Trends in Higher Education, Faculty Focus, November 1, 2010
Examples of What Faculty Can Do
The honor system
Banning electronic devices
Be aware what calculators can do –
download from Internet
Requiring ID
Fingerprinting and scanning
Commercial security systems
Cheat-resistant laptops
Randomized testing
Statistical analysis
Mary Bart in Trends in Higher Education, Faculty Focus, November 1, 2010
Examples of What Faculty Can Do When
Cheating is Observed in the Classroom
Ask the student to move to a different location
Use your cell phone to take a photo/video
Immediately collect the student’s exam/evidence
Invite the student to have a discussion
Report the incident to the VP Undergraduate
Studies as well as inform the student and your
department chair.
Mary Bart in Trends in Higher Education, Faculty Focus, November 1, 2010
Concerning Factors
S&T Student Academic Misconduct Reported
Cases Between 12/2007 and 12/2010
Dec. 2007
2008
2009
2010
16 cases
31 cases
36 cases
47 cases
Concerning Factors
S&T Student Academic Misconduct Reported Cases Between
12/2007 and 12/2010
37% involved cheating on an exam or quiz
25% involved plagiarism
32% involved cheating on homework or lab reports
3% involved clickers
3% other, including 1 incident of a teaching assistant
cheating
8 repeat offenders
Concerning Factors
S&T Student Academic Misconduct Reported Cases Between
12/2007 and 12/2010
The sanctions from the Vice Provost for Undergraduate
Studies for first offenses generally include a warning and a
mandatory paper about academic integrity. Students with a
second offense receive these sanctions and are also
placed on probation.
Concerning Factors
S&T Student Academic Misconduct Reported Cases Between
12/2007 and 12/2010
Academic Level of Students Reported
39 freshman
30 sophomores
28 juniors
33 seniors
Missouri S&T Web Page
http://ugs.mst.edu/academicintegrity.html.
Providing the campus with information and
resources relative to academic integrity
Pursuing a Culture of Integrity
Recommended Actions to Promote
Appropriate Academic Ethics
Strategies Students Say Would Work
-
Stronger Penalties
Parental Notification
An Anonymous Tip Line
Administering A Uniform Policy
An Academic Honor Code*
No Strategy At All
Required Ethics Course for All
Student Action Strategies (more reactionary/less punitive)
*Missouri S&T Student Council has adopted an Honor Code
Pursuing a Culture of Integrity
Recommended Actions to Promote
Appropriate Academic Ethics
Strategies Faculty/Staff Say Would Work
•
Establish the current comprehensive status of awareness/state of ethics and
practice at Missouri S&T
•
Establish an institutionalized Missouri S&T strategy in response to NSF’s call for
Responsible Conduct of Research training resources for researchers
•
Establish a campus wide strategy for general “Ethics Education” and recognition for
“Ethics Professional Development”
•
Establish a definitive strategy for student ethical practice engagement
•
Establish a Strategic Plan priority action item for ethics education toward
institutionalization of a Missouri S&T leadership culture for academic ethics.
QUESTIONS AND DISCUSSIONS
S&T Student Honor Code
• We the students of the Missouri University of Science
and Technology support this honor code to represent
our ideals and values as individual students as well
as a unified student body. We shall hold ourselves to
a high standard of integrity both on campus and off,
seeking to uphold this high standard of conduct and
encourage such attitudes and actions in others.
• We believe that the most important aspects of a
strong moral code are based in Honesty and
Respect. These values are defined as follows:
S&T Student Honor Code
Honesty: In the ideal student, honesty is represented by the
attitude of individuality. This is represented by a student
constantly striving to perform all work themselves and to
credit all statements, ideas, references, and etc. where it
is due. A student also has the responsibility to ensure
prevention of any academic dishonesty (ie: cheating,
copying homework, etc.). A student must also refrain from
using any sources or methods of completion that are
unadvised and/or forbidden by individual instructors or
campus standards. Lastly, Honesty is intrinsically based
on Respect which is our next core belief in this honor
code.
S&T Student Honor Code
Respect: Respect is important in every aspect of life. On this
Campus it is vital for every student to respect themselves, other
students, and all university employees. This entails accepting
and obeying requests by campus officials and instructors so
long as said request is within the proper bounds of their position.
This also involves respecting the opinions and differences of
other students as well as seeking to understand their differences
rather than cause conflict. Students must also respect the
educational processes of this campus. This includes instructor’s
lessons, other student’s study habits or performance, as well as
any other act that could have a negative impact on some form of
intellectual development. Students should show humility in
regards to any successes achieved, as well as maintain
professionalism when dealing with disagreements.
S&T Student Honor Code
Conclusion: We, as students, recognize that by following this
honor code, we are representing the ideals of the Missouri
University of Science and Technology. Through these ideals,
we strive for self-improvement in both our character and
intellect. We look to better our lives and the lives of those
around us, and realize that with these simple values, there is no
limit to what we can achieve.
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