Characteristics of an Information Literate Person
Using the Internet to Improve Information Literacy: The New Role of the Library/Media Specialist IASL Conference 2000, Do you read me? Malmö, Sweden August 9, 2000 Presented by Dr. Sheila Offman Gersh City College of New York [email protected] http://www.schoollink.org/twin The Need for Lifelong Learners • 1998 – 70% of all jobs will require significant basic technology literacy • 2010 – 100 % of all jobs will require significant technology skills – 80% of the jobs don’t exist yet What is Information Literacy • The ability to evaluate information for accuracy and usefulness • To transform data to information to insight Essential Literacy Skills • Text – to make meaning of electronic text – To discover relevant information • Numerical – How to translate and analyze data, crunch numbers, think mathematically, and understand about relationships • Visual – Strategies of advertising, emotions of paining, photography What Librarian/Media Specialists Need to do: • Provide services and technology to gain access to information • Provide students with the skills to manage information resources – How to investigate, research and make meaning from data • Show students how to navigate through the vast databases to locate information Changes is using information • Pre-modem – students “found out about” research projects • Post-modem – “students are making answers” to information Assumptions About Information • What assumptions are made about accuracy, value, usefulness • On what do they base the assumptions? – – – – – Ricky Lake CNN Talk Show Hosts Newspapers Magazines Characteristics of an Information Literate Person Recognizes that accurate and complete information is the basis for intelligent decision making • Citing Resources • Assessing Information • News sites Recognizes the need for information • Locates information that can’t be accessed elsewhere • http://www.infosearcher.com/cybert ours/tours/tour06/_tourlaunch1.htm • http://www.SchoolNotes.com http://www.blackboard.com Formulates questions based on information needs • Students should be directed to sites to find the information • http://www.homeworkcentral.com/ • http://www.schoollink.org/twin/searc hing_on_the_internet.htm • Other sites: BlueWebn, Ask Jeeves for Kids Identifies potential sources of information • • • • Searches on the Internet (kids sites) Picks the best search tools Bookmarks useful sites Presents information in a meaningful way • Uses other sources also Develops Successful Search Strategies • Creates subquestions – List keywords, concepts, subject headings, descriptors • Learns to use more than one source of information • http://www.schoollink.org/workshops /search_tools.htm Evaluates information Scope Authority and Bias Accuracy Timeliness Permanence Value Added Features Presentation Organizes information for practical application • • • • Solves information problems Summarizes information Draws conclusions Examples: – Projects – Keypal exchanges – Subject Matter Experts Integrates New Information into Existing Body of Knowledge Creates New Products • WebQuests • CyberGuides • Web-Based Activities Uses information in critical thinking and problem solving • Reassesses the process for further study • Creates an original product • http://prwww.ncook.k12.il.us/Learning Center/infolit/iladventpage/iladvent. html Ways to Use the Internet • Accessing Information - research • Communications- e-mail • Publishing- web pages Internet Orientation Should Include – Using browsers – Search strategies – • engines • directories • megaengines – Citing resources- copyright – Evaluating web sites- criteria – AUPs – purpose, examples Stages of Problem Solving • Define the need for information– Ask the question • Initiating the search strategy – Query • Locating the resources – Research • Accessing and comprehension – Search Stages of Problem Solving • Interpreting the information – Synthesize • Communicating the information – Web Pages, Projects • Evaluating the product and process – Critique http://www.big6.com/compa rison_chart.gif Curriculum Applications • Collaborate with classroom teachers • Find resources for teachers and students • Communicate with specialists around the globe Pitfalls in Teaching Information Literacy • • • • Size of the Internet Ease of setting up a web presence Lack of established WWW standards Lack of established WWW source documentation • Limitations of search engines • Infancy of Internet research • Inadequate critical thinking skills Conclusion: • Information literacy is the key to a successful technology initiative • Libraries should provide services and technologies needed to gain access to information in order to create an information literate community THANK YOU • QUESTIONS????