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Marijuana, Inhalants and Steroids

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Marijuana, Inhalants and Steroids
Warm-Up

Write three reasons to say no to drugs.
Then modify these reasons into
effective refusal statements if someone
offered you drugs
Marijuana, Inhalants and
Steroids
Lesson 19
Objectives


Identify and define the various classes
of drugs
Identify the effects of the various
classes of drugs on the mind
Marijuana

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Common name for the Indian hemp plant
cannabis
A plant whose leaves, buds, and flowers are
smoked for their intoxicating effects
Most widely used illegal drug
Other Names:



Weed
Grass
Pot
Marijuana and Addiction

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Mood altering drugs
Raises levels of dopamine in your brain,
producing a pleasurable feeling

However, once the drug wears off so does
the pleasure sensation “crash”
Marijuana… NOT harmless

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CONTRARY to popular opinion, Marijuana is
NOT harmless
All forms are mind altering and can damage a
user’s health
When combined with other drugs and other
substances, such as alcohol, it can be
DEADLY
Marijuana contains more cancer causing
chemical than tobacco smoke and carries the
same health risks as smoking tobacco
Mental/ Emotional Health
Consequences


Slow mental reflexes
Sudden feelings of anxiety and paranoia
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Irrational suspiciousness or distrust of others
Dizziness
Trouble walking
Adverse effect on short term memory, so the user
may have problems at school and work
Distorted perception
Loss of coordination
Trouble with thinking and problem solving
Physical Consequences

In teens, Marijuana poses risks to the
reproductive organs

In males it interferes with sperm production and
lower levels of testosterone

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Lack of male developmental characteristics (voice
changing, body hair, broad shoulders) because
testosterone is the main hormone responsible for those
In females testosterone levels increase

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Unwanted facial hair
infertility
Figure 23.3 Health Risks of Marijuana
Risks and Consequences for DUI


Just as dangerous as DUI of alcohol
Strict penalties

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Suspension of license
Fine
Jail time
Increased insurance premiums
Legal prosecution if death or injury results
Inhalants

Substances whose fumes are sniffed and inhaled to achieve a
mind altering effect

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Most go immediately to the brain, causing damage and KILLING
brain cells

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Glues
Spray paints
Gasoline
Varnishes
Brain cells will NEVER BE REPLACED
Permanent nervous system and brain damage
All inhalants are extremely dangerous

Depress the central nervous system
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Glassy stare
Slurred speech
Impaired judgment
Inhaling fumes from aerosol cans “huffing” can cause sudden death


increasing the heart rate, resulting in cardiac arrest
suffocation
Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids

Synthetic substances that are similar to the
male sex hormone testosterone

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Anabolic refers to the building up of muscles
Androgenic refers to the development of male
characteristics
Have legitimate medical use when used under
a doctor’s care for patients with chronic
diseases
Can cause mood swings, impaired judgment,
and paranoia
Steroid Effects
Legal and Social
Consequences

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All steroid use other than that prescribed by a doctor
is illegal and dangerous
Steroids can increase strength, however the
associated tendons and ligaments don’t get stronger
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Results in injuries that take a long time to heal
Can end an athletes career
Steroid users often turn to other illegal, addictive
drugs to combat the side effects of steroids
If needles are shared there is an increase risk to HIV,
Hepatitis B and other bacteria and viruses
Fly UP