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Slide 1
Pinchas = “Phinehas”
The 37th Torah Portion Reading
8th reading in the Book of Numbers
Numbers 25:10 – 29:40
Haftarah: Jeremiah 1:1-23
Gospel: Mark 11:27-12:37
Numbers Chapter 25
Phinehas kills
Zimri and
The Midianites
are to be vexed
Numbers Chapter 26
The sum of all Israel is
The law of dividing among
them the inheritance of
the land
The families and number
of the Levites
None were left of those
who were numbered at
Sinai except Caleb and
Numbers Chapter 27
The daughters of
Zelophehad sue
for an inheritance
Moses is told of
his death
He asks God to
appoint his
Numbers Chapter 28
Offerings are to be
The offering on the
On the observance of the
Numbers Chapter 29
The offering at the
feast of trumpets
The Appointed Times
Leviticus 23
Days of Passover (including its related Feasts)
Shavout - Feast of Weeks – Pentecost
Yom Teruah - Feast of Trumpets
Yom Kippur – Day of Atonement
Days of Sukkot – Feast of Tabernacles
Shimini Atzeret – 8th Day of Assembly
Mark 11:27-28
27 And
they come again
to Jerusalem: and as
he was walking in the
temple, there come to
him the chief priests,
and the scribes, and
the elders, 28 And say
unto him, By what
authority doest thou
these things? and who
gave thee this
authority to do these
Mark 11:29-30
29 And
Jesus answered
and said unto them, I
will also ask of you
one question, and
answer me, and I will
tell you by what
authority I do these
things. 30 The baptism
of John, was it from
heaven, or of men?
answer me.
Mark 11:31-33
31 And
they reasoned with themselves,
saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will
say, Why then did ye not believe him? 32 But
if we shall say, Of men; they feared the
people: for all men counted John, that he
was a prophet indeed. 33 And they answered
and said unto Jesus, We cannot tell. And
Jesus answering saith unto them, Neither
do I tell you by what authority I do these
Mark 12:1
1 And
he began to
speak unto them by
parables. A certain
man planted a
vineyard, and set an
hedge about it, and
digged a place for
the winefat, and built
a tower, and let it out
to husbandmen, and
went into a far
Mark 12:2-3
2 And
at the season he
sent to the husbandmen a
servant, that he might
receive from the
husbandmen of the fruit
of the vineyard. 3 And they
caught him, and beat him,
and sent him away empty.
Mark 12:4-5
4 And
again he sent unto
them another servant; and
at him they cast stones,
and wounded him in the
head, and sent him away
shamefully handled. 5 And
again he sent another;
and him they killed, and
many others; beating
some, and killing some.
Mark 12:6-7
6 Having
yet therefore
one son, his
wellbeloved, he sent
him also last unto
them, saying, They will
reverence my son. 7 But
those husbandmen
said among
themselves, This is the
heir; come, let us kill
him, and the
inheritance shall be
Mark 12:8-9
8 And
they took him,
and killed him, and
cast him out of the
vineyard. 9 What shall
therefore the lord of
the vineyard do? he
will come and destroy
the husbandmen, and
will give the vineyard
unto others.
Mark 12:8-9
The analogy to Israel is no exaggeration:
• Elijah was driven into the wilderness by the
monarchy (1 Kings 19:1-5):
• Isaiah was (according to tradition, and hinted at
in Hebrews 11:37) sawn in half;
• Zechariah was stoned to death near the altar
(2 Chronicles 24:21);
• John the Baptist was beheaded.
• Summary: Hebrews 11:37, 38.
Hebrews 11:35-39
36 And
others had trial of cruel mockings and
scourgings, yea, moreover of bonds and
imprisonment: 37 They were stoned, they were sawn
asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword:
they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins;
being destitute, afflicted, tormented; 38 (Of whom the
world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and
in mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth. 39
And these all, having obtained a good report through
faith, received not the promise:
Mark 12:10-12
10 And
have ye not read
this scripture; The stone
which the builders rejected
is become the head of the
corner: 11 This was the
Lord's doing, and it is
marvellous in our eyes?
12 And they sought to lay
hold on him, but feared the
people: for they knew that
he had spoken the parable
against them: and they left
him, and went their way.
Mark 12:13-14
13 And
they send unto him
certain of the Pharisees
and of the Herodians, to
catch him in his words. 14
And when they were come,
they say unto him, Master,
we know that thou art true,
and carest for no man: for
thou regardest not the
person of men, but
teachest the way of God in
truth: Is it lawful to give
tribute to Caesar, or not?
Mark 12:15-17
15 Shall
we give, or shall we not give? But he,
knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why
tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see it.
16 And they brought it. And he saith unto them,
Whose is this image and superscription? And they
said unto him, Caesar's. 17 And Jesus answering
said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that
are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's.
And they marvelled at him.
Mark 12:18-19
18 Then
come unto him
the Sadducees, which say
there is no resurrection;
and they asked him,
saying, 19 Master, Moses
wrote unto us, If a man's
brother die, and leave his
wife behind him, and
leave no children, that his
brother should take his
wife, and raise up seed
unto his brother.
Mark 12:20-22
20 Now
there were seven
brethren: and the first
took a wife, and dying left
no seed. 21 And the
second took her, and
died, neither left he any
seed: and the third
likewise. 22 And the seven
had her, and left no seed:
last of all the woman died
Mark 12:23-24
23 In
the resurrection
therefore, when they shall
rise, whose wife shall she
be of them? for the seven
had her to wife. 24 And
Jesus answering said
unto them, Do ye not
therefore err, because ye
know not the scriptures,
neither the power of
Mark 12:25
25 For
when they shall
rise from the dead, they
neither marry, nor are
given in marriage; but
are as the angels which
are in heaven.
Mark 12:20-22
Mark 12:26-27
26 And
as touching the
dead, that they rise: have
ye not read in the book of
Moses, how in the bush
God spake unto him,
saying, I am the God of
Abraham, and the God of
Isaac, and the God of
Jacob? 27 He is not the
God of the dead, but the
God of the living: ye
therefore do greatly err.
Mark 12:28
28 And
one of the scribes came, and having heard
them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had
answered them well, asked him, Which is the first
commandment of all?
Mark 12:29-31
29 And
Jesus answered him, The first of all the
commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our
God is one Lord: 30 And thou shalt love the Lord
thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul,
and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength:
this is the first commandment. 31 And the second
is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy
neighbour as thyself. There is none other
commandment greater than these.
Mark 12:29-31
Mark 12:32-33
32 And
the scribe said unto
him, Well, Master, thou hast
said the truth: for there is one
God; and there is none other
but he: 33 And to love him with
all the heart, and with all the
understanding, and with all
the soul, and with all the
strength, and to love his
neighbour as himself, is more
than all whole burnt offerings
and sacrifices.
Mark 12:34
34 And
Jesus saw that
he answered
discreetly, he
said unto him,
Thou art not far
from the
kingdom of
God. And no
man after that
durst ask him
any question.
Mark 12:35-37
35 And
Jesus answered and said, while he taught
in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is
the Son of David? 36 For David himself said by the
Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou
on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy
footstool. 37 David therefore himself calleth him
Lord; and whence is he then his son? And the
common people heard him gladly.
Mark 12:35-37
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