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Updated Timeline for OTC Planning

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Updated Timeline for OTC Planning
Air Quality Planning
Update
NJDEP Air Quality Planning
Judy Rand, PE
Environmental Engineer
October 14, 2011
FIRST SOME BACKGROUND
NAAQS
 The Clean Air Act (CAA), requires EPA to set National
Ambient Air Quality Standards for pollutants
considered harmful to public health and the
environment. (40 CFR part 50)
 Primary standards set limits to protect public health.
 Secondary standards set limits to protect public
welfare, including protection against decreased
visibility, damage to animals, crops, vegetation, and
buildings.
 Goal to Attain as Quickly as Practical and Maintain
 Six "criteria" pollutants.
Pollutants

Criteria
1) Ozone
o
Precursor pollutants primarily VOC and NOx, also CO
2) Particulate Matter 2.5 and 10
o
3)
4)
5)
6)

Precursor pollutants primarily SO2 and NOx, also
ammonia and VOC
Lead
Sulfur Dioxide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Carbon Monoxide
Regional Haze
o
o
Visibility Goals at Federally Protected Class I
Areas
Brigantine Wilderness Area
NAAQS Implementation Steps
1) NAAQS Promulgation
2) Designations
3) 110(a) Infrastucture and Transport
State Implementation Plan (SIP)
4) Attainment Demonstration SIP
5) Attainment of the Standard
6) Clean Data Determination
7) Redesignation
8) Maintenance Plan
Nonattainment Area
Requirements
(Federal Clean Air Act, Section 172(c))
 Emission Inventory
 New Source Review (Permitting)
 Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT)
 Reasonable Further Progress (RFP) Demonstration
 Reasonably Available Control Measures (RACM)
 Control Measures necessary for attainment and RFP
 Attainment Demonstration (modeling)
 Transportation Conformity
 Contingency Measures
Existing NAAQS and New Jersey Status
Pollutant
Lead
CO
Secondary
Monitoring
Standards
Data
Averaging
Status
Level Date
Level
Time
Quarterly Same as
1.5 µg/m3 1978
Attaining
Average
Primary
Primary Standards
0.15
µg/m3
Rolling 32008 Month
Average
9 ppm (10
1971
mg/m3)
35 ppm
(40
1971
mg/m3)
New
2011
monitors
53 ppb 1971
NO2
100 ppb
and new 2010
monitors
Same as
Primary
Annual
Attaining
Attaining
Attainment under
Maintenance Plan/
Last Plan in
Progress
Likely to
Attain
No new
Requirements
Attaining
Attainment
Likely to
Attain
EPA proposed
designation unclassifiable/
attainment
1-hour
None
Same as
Primary
None
Attainment
EPA proposed
designation unclassifiable/
attainment
8-hour
1-hour
SIP Status
Existing NAAQS and New Jersey Status
Pollutant
Primary Standards
Level
Averaging
Date
Time
0.03 ppm
1971
Annual
75 ppb
2010
1-hour
150 µg/m3 1987
24-hour
SO2
PM10
Secondary
Standards
Level
None
15.0 µg/m3 1997
Same as
Primary
Monitoring
Data Status
NJ designation
Attaining recommendation-NA for
except for 61 municipalities in 4
Columbia counties/unclassifiable
rest of state
Attaining
Annual
Same as
Primary
Attaining
PM2.5
Ozone
35 µg/m3
2006
24-hour
Same as
Primary
Attaining
0.12 ppm
1979
1-hour
Same as
Primary
Attaining
0.08 ppm
1997
8-hour
0.075 ppm 2008
8-hour
Same as
Primary
Same as
Primary
SIP Status
Attainment
CDD final for northern
area/pending for
southern/redesignation
request in progress
CDD
pending/redesignation
request in progress
CDD final for southern
area/pending for
northern area
Attaining
CDD pending
Not
Attaining
Pending EPA
Designations
New Jersey State Implementation Plan (SIP) Status

Ozone
– 0.08 ppm
 USEPA approved RFP, RACM, Conformity, RACT and Control Measures;
 USEPA proposed disapproval of the attainment demonstration May 2009;
 NJ’s Northern NAA: NJ has requested a Clean Data Determination;
 NJ’s Southern NAA: NJ received a 1 year extension of the 2009 attainment
date.
– 0.075 ppm
 NJ submitted designation recommendations April 1, 2009;
 NJ recommended either a larger multi-state NAA, or the same as the 0.08 ppm
NAAs;
 EPA put them on hold pending the ozone reconsideration, but is now moving
forward with implementation.

PM2.5
– 15 μg/m3 annual
 NJ submitted a final SIP March 2009. We are waiting for EPA action;
 EPA promulgated a Clean Data Determination for NJ’s Northern NAA;
 We expect EPA to propose a Clean Data Determination for NJ’s Southern
NAA;
– 35 μg/m3 24-hour
 NJ will request a CDD from the USEPA for both NAA’s.

Regional Haze
– Submitted Jul 28, 2009, submitted BART portion in 2011, EPA has proposed
APPROVAL on August 11, 2011.
Anticipated National Ambient Air Quality Standards Milestones
Pollutant
Standard
NAAQS
Designatio 110(a) SIPs
Promulgation
n Effective
Due
Date
Attainment
Demonstration Due
Attainment
Date
Dec-12, CDD in
progress instead
Dec-14
Promulgated
PM2.5
35 µg/m3 daily
Sep-06
Dec-09
Sep-09
Ozone
0.075 ppm 8 hour
Mar-08
Mid-12?
Mar-11
Mid-15?
Dec-15
Marginal or
Dec-18
Moderate?
Lead
0.15 µg/m3
Oct-08
Nov-11?
Oct-11
NA
NA
NO2 Primary
100 ppb 1 hour
Jan-10
Feb-12?
Jan-13
NA
NA
SO2 Primary
75 ppb 1 hour
Jun-10
Aug-12?
CO
No change, new
monitoring
requirements
Aug-11
NA
NA
NA
NA
NO2/SO2 Secondary
NO2-53 ppb annual,
100 ppb 1 hour, SO20.5 ppm 3 hour, 75
ppb 1 hour?
Proposed
8/2011, Final
3/2012?
Apr-14?
Mar-15?
Oct-15?
NA
PM2.5
12 µg/m3 annual, 30
µg/m3 daily?
Proposal end
of 2011?
Dec-14?
Oct-15?
Dec-17?
Dec-19/24?
Ozone
8-hour 0.06-0.07 ppm?
Jun-14?
Jul-16?
Jun-16?
Jul-19?
Jul-24?
For AAs:
For NAs: Jan-14 (Plan)
Jun-13
and by Aug-17 (Demo
(maint also)
and maint)?
Aug-17?
Not Yet Promulgated
Updated 9/29/2011, Judy Rand
Where do we stand?
Pollutant
Current
Future
Lead
Attaining
Attainment/Unclassifiable
CO
Attaining
New Monitors Required
Likely to Attain
NO2
Attaining
New Monitors Required
Likely to Attain
SO2
Attaining
Except for
Columbia
PM2.5
Attaining
New NAAQS?
Ozone 0.08
Attaining
Likely to Attain
Ozone 0.075
Not Attaining
New NAAQS Likely Not Attain
Attaining
Except for
Columbia
Same as Primary?
NO2, SO2
Secondary
NAA for 61 municipalities in 4
counties/Unclassifiable rest of
state
New Jersey 8-Hour Ozone (85 ppb) Nonattainment Areas
12 Northern Counties
9 Southern Counties
Northern NJ-NY-CT NAA
Southern NJ-PA-DE-MD NAA
New Jersey PM2.5 Nonattainment Areas
10 Northern Counties
3 Southern Counties
Attainment Area
Northern NJ-NY-CT NAA
Southern NJ-PA-DE NAA
New Jersey, Ozone Air Quality, 1986 - 2010
(Based on 3 year Average of 4th Highest Daily 8-hour Maximum - Design Values)
0.200
0.180
Maximum Site
Median Site
Minimum Site
0.160
Ozone (ppm)
0.140
0.120
0.100
0.080
Health Standard
0.060
0.040
0.020
0.000
'86- '87- '88- '89- '90- '91- '92- '93- '94- '95- '96- '97- '98- '99- '00- '01- '02- '03- '04- '05- '06- 07- 08'88 '89 '90 '91 '92 '93 '94 '95 '96 '97 '98 '99 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10
85 ppb (1997)
75 ppb (2008)
60-70 ppb (Potential 2014)
Ozone-8 hour
2011 Design Values*
Northern New Jersey-New York-Connecticut Nonattainment Area
90
* 2011 preliminary data (as of 8/31/11)
DV = 3 yr. Avg. of 4th Highest Value
80
60
50
40
30
20
10
Monitor Site
CT
Madison
Middletown
Westport
Stratford
Greenwich
Danbury
White Plains
Riverhead
Holtsville
Babylon
Susan Wagner
CCNY/Convent Av
Pfizer Lab
Ramapo
Chester
Queens
NY
James St/Criscuolo Park
NJ
Monmouth University
Rutgers University
Flemington
Bayonne
0
Leonia
Ozone Concentration (ppb)
70
85 ppb (1997)
75 ppb (2008)
60-70 ppb (Potential 2014)
Ozone 8-hour
2011 Design Values*
* 2011 preliminary data (as of 8/31/11)
DV = 3 yr. Avg. of 4th Highest Value
Southern New Jersey-Philadelphia Nonattainment Area
90
80
60
50
40
30
20
10
MD
DE
NJ
Monitor Site
PA
NEA
LAB
Norristown
Chester
New Garden
Bristol
Colliers Mills
Rider University
Clarksboro
Millville
Ancora State Hosptial
Brigantine
Seaford
Lewes
Killens
Lums
Bellefonte
0
Fair Hill
Ozone Concentration (ppb)
70
PM2.5 Design Value Concentrations in New Jersey
Annual Design Values 1999-2010
20
18
16
Annual PM2.5 NAAQS = 15.0 μg/m
Concentration (μg/m3)
14
3
12
10
8
Median
6
Maximum Site
4
Minimum Site
2
0
1999-2001
2000-2002
2001-2003
2002-2004
2003-2005
2004-2006
2005-2007
2006-2008
2007-2009
2008-2010
PM2.5 Concentrations in New Jersey
Daily Design Values 1999-2010
70
Former Daily PM2.5 NAAQS = 65.0 μg/m3
60
Concentration (μg/m3)
50
40
New Daily PM2.5 NAAQS = 35.0 μg/m
30
3
20
10
0
1999-2001
2000-2002
2001-2003
2002-2004
Median
2003-2005
2004-2006
Maximum Site
2005-2007
Minimum Site
2006-2008
2007-2009
2008-2010
Monitor Site
15 μg/m3 Annual (1997, 2006)
FAB-FA, PA
RIT-F, PA
CHS, Broad St., PA
NEA, PA
LAB, PA
Norristown, PA
Chester, PA
New Garden, PA
Bristol, PA
Pennsauken, NJ
Gibbstown, NJ
MLK-a, DE
Nwrk-a, DE
Lums, DE
Bellefonte, DE
PM2.5 Concentration (µg/m3)
PM2.5 2010 Annual Design Values
Southern New Jersey-Philadelphia-Wilmington Nonattainment Area
16
(3 year average of annual mean)
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0
PS 124, NY
Waterbury, CT
State Street, CT
James Street, CT
Westport, CT
Norwalk, CT
Danbury, CT
Roosevelt School, CT
Mamaroneck, NY
East Farmingdale/Babylon, NY
Susan Wagner HS, NY
Port Richmond, NY
Queens College, NY
Newburgh, 55 Broadway, NY
Monitor Site
PS 19, NY
JHS 45, NY
Cedarhurst, NY
JHS 126, NY
E. 156th St., NY
200th Street, NY
Morrisania, NY
Rahway, NJ
Elizabeth Downtown, NJ
Elizabeth Turnpike Primary, NJ
Paterson, NJ
Chester, NJ
Morristown, NJ
New Brunswick, NJ
Washington Crossing, NJ
Trenton, NJ
Union City, NJ
Jersey City Primary, NJ
Fort Lee, NJ
PM2.5 Concentration ( μg/m3)
35 μg/m3 Daily (2006)
PM2.5 2010 Daily Design Values
Northern New Jersey-New York-Connecticut Nonattainment Area
(3 year average of annual mean)
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
Monitor Site
35 μg/m3 Daily (2006)
FAB-FA, PA
RIT-F, PA
CHS, Broad St., PA
NEA, PA
LAB, PA
Norristown, PA
Chester, PA
New Garden, PA
Bristol, PA
Pennsauken, NJ
Gibbstown, NJ
MLK-a, DE
Nwrk-a, DE
Lums, DE
Bellefonte, DE
PM2.5 Concentration (µg/m3)
PM2.5 2010 Daily Design Values
Southern New Jersey-Philadelphia-Wilmington Nonattainment Area
40
(3 year average of annual mean)
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
Criteria Pollutant Emission
Inventory in Progress
 A 2007 Base Emissions Inventory for Modeling
 Future Year Projection Inventories 2017, 2020 and 2025
 Sources are divided into four man-made sectors and
one naturally occurring:
– Point-high emissions from one location
– Area-emissions spread out, consumer products,
paints, gas stations, autobody refinishing, adhesives
– Onroad-cars, trucks
– Nonroad-construction equipment, airplanes,
locomotives, ships, lawn maintenance equipment
– Biogenic-naturally occurring, we use EPAs inventory
New Jersey Estimated VOC Emissions 2009
Ozone Season Tons Per Day
Point Sources
5%
Non-Road Mobile
Sources
26%
Area Sources
49%
On-Road Mobile
Sources
20%
Total Emissions = 610 tpd ozone season (Anthropogenic sources only)
Includes actual 2009 point, 2008 Area, and an estimated adjustment factor from
MOBILE6 to MOVES
New Jersey Estimated NOx Emissions 2009
Ozone Season Tons Per Day
Point Sources
10%
Non-Road Mobile
Sources
29%
Total Emissions = 609 tpd ozone season
Includes actual 2009 point, 2008 Area, and an estimated
adjustment factor from MOBILE6 to MOVES
Area Sources
5%
On-Road Mobile
Sources
56%
New Jersey Estimated PM2.5 Emissions 2009
Tons Per Year
Non-Road Mobile
Sources
16%
Point Sources
17%
On-Road Mobile
Sources
12%
Area Sources
55%
Total Emissions = 26,021 tpy
Includes actual 2009 point, 2008 Area, and an estimated
adjustment factor from MOBILE6 to MOVES
New Jersey Estimated SO2 Emissions 2009
Tons Per Year
Non-Road Mobile
Sources
13%
On-Road Mobile
Sources
3%
Point Sources
54%
Area Sources
30%
Total Emissions = 27,644 tpy
Includes actual 2009 point, 2008 Area, and an estimated
adjustment factor from MOBILE6 to MOVES
New Jersey Estimated CO Emissions 2009
Tons Per Year
Point Sources
0%
Area Sources
5%
Non-Road Mobile
Sources
43%
On-Road Mobile
Sources
52%
Total Emissions = 1,761,773 tpy
Includes actual 2009 point, 2008 Area, and an estimated
adjustment factor from MOBILE6 to MOVES
Statewide VOC Emission Trend
1800
Ozone Season Tons per Day
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1990
Point Sources
1996
Area Sources
On-Road Mobile Sources
2002
2009
Non-Road Mobile Sources
Note: 2009 includes actual 2009 point, actual 2008 area and MOBILE6 model for more appropriate comparison to
previous years.
Statewide NOx Emission Trend
1800
Ozone Season Tons per Day
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1990
Point Sources
1996
Area Sources
2002
On-Road Mobile Sources
2009
Non-Road Mobile Sources
Note: 2009 includes actual 2009 point, actual 2008 area and MOBILE6 model for more appropriate comparison to
previous years.
Statewide PM2.5, SO2 and NH3 Emission Trends
100,000
Point Sources
Area Sources
On-Road Mobile Sources
Non-Road Mobile Sources
90,000
80,000
Emissions (tpy)
70,000
60,000
50,000
40,000
30,000
20,000
10,000
0
2002
2009
PM2.5
2002
2009
SO2
2002
2009
NH3
Emissions Reported To The Emission Statement Program
"Stationary Sources"
80000
70000
60000
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Tons/Year
50000
40000
30000
20000
10000
0
CO
NOx
PM-10
PM-2.5
SO2
VOC
Adopted State Control Measures in the SIPs
NOx
VOCs
•NOx Budget Program
•Industrial, Commercial,
Institutional Boilers
•Glass Manufacturing
•Asphalt Production
•High Electric Demand Days
•Consumer Products
•Paint, Stains and Varnishes
•Gas Cans
•Degreasing
•Autobody Refinishing
•Gas Station Vapor Recovery
•Adhesives
•Large Gasoline Storage Tanks
•Cutback and Emulsified Asphalt
Usage
•Graphic Arts
•Stage II Vapor Recovery
Multi-Pollutant
•Power Plants (EGUs)
•Gasoline IM Program
•NJLEV
•PSEG-ACO
•Refinery Consent Decrees
•Waste Incinerators
PM2.5
•Low Sulfur Fuel
•Diesel Idling
•Diesel IM
Ozone Transport Commission (OTC)
Regional Control Strategies
NOx Sources:
VOC Sources:
Model Rules/MOUs:
1.
EGU’s (Oil and Gas-fired Boilers)*
2.
High Electric Demand Day (HEDD)
Turbines*
3.
New Small Boilers
4.
Stationary Generators
Model Rules/MOUs:
1.
Large VOC Stationary Storage
Tanks*
2.
Autobody Refinishing
3.
Consumer Products
4.
Architectural/Industrial Coatings
Draft Model Rules:
5.
Non-Road Equipment Idling*
6.
Natural Gas Compressor Stations
Draft Model Rules:
5.
Solvent Cleaning
(Industrial/Commercial)
6.
Paint Thinners (Consumer)
Categories Under Review:
7. Municipal Waste Incinerators
8.
Promote Energy Efficiency/
Renewable Energy
9.
Coal-fired Boilers (EPA)
Category Under Review:
7.
Stage 1 and 2 Vapor Recovery
*Existing NJ Rule Equivalent to Model Already Adopted
Consumer Products
(3rd Update)
 Existing rule sets limits on the VOC content of several consumer
products such as household cleaners, automotive repair cleaners,
air fresheners, brake cleaners, adhesives, and hairspray.
 Also bans perchlorethylene, methylene chloride, and
trichlorethylene in products such as automotive repair products,
adhesives and leather care products and paradichlorbenzene in
air fresheners and toilet/urinal cleaners .
 Based on CARB
 The first NJ rule was adopted in November 1995
 The USEPA National rule was adopted in September 1998
 NJ adopted amendments, effective January 1, 2005, and January
1, 2009
Consumer Products
 2010 OTC Model Rule

The following NEW products or product forms will be added to the list of
consumer products to be regulated:
–
Disinfectants
–
Sanitizers
–
Temporary Hair Color (aerosol)

The following EXISTING products or product forms will have new VOC limits:
–
Construction, Panel and Floor Covering Adhesive
–
Brake Cleaners
–
Carburetor of Fuel-injection Air Intake Cleaners
–
Engine Degreaser (aerosol)
–
Floor Polishes or Waxes
–
General Purpose Cleaners
–
Laundry Starch/Sizing/Fabric Finish
–
Shaving Gel
–
Anti-static Product (aerosol)
–
Oven Cleaners (non-aerosol)
–
Furniture Maintenance Products (non-aerosol)
–
Bathroom and Tile Cleaners (non-aerosol)
–
Nail Polish Removers
Architectural Coatings
(2nd Update)
 Existing rule sets limits on the VOC content of
coatings such as paints, varnishes, stains.
 Stationary structures where controls cannot be utilized
like in a in factory setting
 Based on CARB
 The first NJ rule was adopted in November 1989
 The USEPA National rule was adopted in September
1998
 NJ adopted amendments, effective January 1, 2005
Architectural Coatings 2010 OTC Model Rule
New Categories
Lowered Limits
Eliminated Categories
Aluminum Roof
Bituminous Roof Coatings
Antenna Coatings
Basement Specialty
Dry Fog Coatings
Antifouling Coatings
Concrete/Masonry Sealer
Flat Coatings
Lacquers, Clear Brushing
Reactive Penetrating Sealer
Floor Coatings
Lacquers
Stone Consolidant
Mastic Texture Coatings
Sanding Sealers
Tub and Tile Refinish
Nonflat Coatings
Varnishes
Waterproofing Membranes
Nonflat - High Gloss Coatings
Fire Retardant Coatings
Wood Coatings
Primers, Sealers, and Undercoaters
Flow Coatings
Zinc-Rich Primer
Roof
Quick Dry Enamels
Conjugated Oil Varnish
Rust Preventative
Quick Dry Primers, Sealers, and
Undercoaters
Reactive Penetrating Stone
Sealer
Specialty Primers, Sealers, and
Undercoaters
Swimming Pool Repair and
Maintenance Coatings
Traffic Marking
Temperature Indicator Safety Coatings
Driveway Sealer (Bituminous Pavement
Sealer
Waterproofing Sealers
Waterproofing Concrete/Masonry
Sealers
Autobody Refinishing
(2nd Update)
 Existing rule sets standards on paint
application methods and equipment
cleaning
 The USEPA National rule was adopted in
September 1998
 New Jersey adopted amendments June
2003
 New OTC Model Rule based on CARB
sets VOC limits on paint
Autobody Refinishing
OTC 2010 Model Rule
Coating Type Category
Limit (l/gal)
Limit (g/l)
Adhesion promoter
4.5
540
Automotive pretreatment coating
5.5
660
Automotive primer
2.1
250
Clear coating
2.1
250
Color coating
3.5
420
Multicolor coating
5.7
680
Other automotive coating type
2.1
250
Single-stage coating
2.8
340
Temporary protective coating
0.5
60
Truck bed liner coating
2.6
310
Underbody coating
3.6
430
Uniform finish coating
4.5
540
Solvents for Cleaning
25
New Small Boilers
 NOx emission limits on new, small, natural
gas-fired, industrial, commercial and
institutional (ICI) boilers, steam generators,
process heaters, residential boilers and
water heaters greater than 75,000 BTUs, up
to 5,000,000 BTUs, sold in the adopting
state for use in the adopting state.
OTC Draft Model Rules
Draft Model Rules In Progress:
•
Solvent Cleaning (Industrial/Commercial)
•
•
Paint Thinners (Consumer Product)
•
•
and Multi-purpose solvents 25 g/l
Natural Gas Compressor Stations
•
•
Cold Cleaning 25 g/l
natural gas pipeline compressor large prime movers;
Non-Road Equipment Idling Restrictions
•
Adopted in NJ
Air Quality Listservs
 Air Planning Rules and SIPs:
 http://www.state.nj.us/dep/baqp/airrules.html
 Emission Statement Program:
 http://www.state.nj.us/dep/aqm/es/listserv.htm
 Air Quality Permitting:
 http://www.nj.gov/dep/aqpp/listserv.html
 Diesel Program:
 http://www.nj.gov/dep/stopthesoot/sts-listserv.htm
 Compliance Advisories:
 http://www.state.nj.us/dep/enforcement/listserv.html
 Air Quality Notifications:
 http://www.enviroflash.info/
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