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AIM: How did India Gain Independence from Great Britain?

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AIM: How did India Gain Independence from Great Britain?

Do Now: What makes a person powerful?
. Write vocabulary words and definitions:
Disobey – to not listen to, refuse to follow instructions
 Unjust – not fair
 Assassinated – to kill a public official, to murder
 Ironic – an unexpected outcome, an odd coincidence



Broaden your understanding by using two of the
vocabulary words to create a full sentence for each word.
Example: It is ironic that when I forget my umbrella is
rains!
Civil Disobedience
Passive Resistance
Purposely not following
the rules of a society in
order to bring about social
change.
Opposition to laws by
the use of noncooperation
and other nonviolent
methods.
Ex: protest marches


Mohandas Gandhi –
A.K.A. “The Mahatma”
– The Great Soul
Used non – violence
philosophies of civil
disobedience & passive
resistance



Led a peaceful
movement to gain
Indian independence in
1947
Led a 24 – day ‘Great
Salt March (1930):
60,000 people were
arrested & worldwide
public opinion was very
pro-Indian
Satyagraha
A central element of Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence
was called Satyagraha, often translated as “soul-force” or
“truth-force.”
Primary Source
Passive resistance is a method of securing rights by
personal suffering; it is the reverse of resistance by
arms. When I refuse to do a thing that is repugnant to
my conscience, I use soul-force. For instance, the
government of the day has passed a law which is
applicable to me; I do not like it, if, by using violence, I
force the government to repeal the law, I am employing
body-force. If I do not obey the law an accept the
penalty for its breach, I use soul-force. It involves sacrifice of self.
Gandhi Chapter XVII, Hind Swaraj

Identify what made Mohandas Gandhi so
powerful?
Fly UP