AIM: How did India Gain Independence from Great Britain?
Do Now: What makes a person powerful? . Write vocabulary words and definitions: Disobey – to not listen to, refuse to follow instructions Unjust – not fair Assassinated – to kill a public official, to murder Ironic – an unexpected outcome, an odd coincidence Broaden your understanding by using two of the vocabulary words to create a full sentence for each word. Example: It is ironic that when I forget my umbrella is rains! Civil Disobedience Passive Resistance Purposely not following the rules of a society in order to bring about social change. Opposition to laws by the use of noncooperation and other nonviolent methods. Ex: protest marches Mohandas Gandhi – A.K.A. “The Mahatma” – The Great Soul Used non – violence philosophies of civil disobedience & passive resistance Led a peaceful movement to gain Indian independence in 1947 Led a 24 – day ‘Great Salt March (1930): 60,000 people were arrested & worldwide public opinion was very pro-Indian Satyagraha A central element of Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence was called Satyagraha, often translated as “soul-force” or “truth-force.” Primary Source Passive resistance is a method of securing rights by personal suffering; it is the reverse of resistance by arms. When I refuse to do a thing that is repugnant to my conscience, I use soul-force. For instance, the government of the day has passed a law which is applicable to me; I do not like it, if, by using violence, I force the government to repeal the law, I am employing body-force. If I do not obey the law an accept the penalty for its breach, I use soul-force. It involves sacrifice of self. Gandhi Chapter XVII, Hind Swaraj Identify what made Mohandas Gandhi so powerful?