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Slide 1
Period of time between the 1950’s
and 1970’s when a great
emphasis was placed on creating
true equality in America and
removing racism, sexism, and
other forms of discrimination
from our culture.
• World War II – Women and minorities play a
significant role in achieving victory during WWII
both in the war itself and on the home front.
• Good Economy – American economy continues
to “boom” after WWII.
• Quality of life for most Americans improves.
• More willing to share the pie.
• 1947 – Jackie Robinson and Larry Doby break the
color barrier in Major League Baseball.
• 1948 – U.S. military is desegregated.
• 1954 – Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka,
KS.
• Segregation is illegal in schools; separate is
not equal; overturns 1896- Plessy v. Ferguson
• 1955 – Rosa Parks – Montgomery Bus Boycott.
• Educated son of a minister.
• Wanted equality and integration.
•Civil disobedience and non-violent resistance
• Learned from Gandhi.
•Assassinated 1968 by a member of the KKK.
• Grew up on the streets. In trouble with the law
at an early age.
• True segregation.
• Treat violence with violence.
• Converts to Islam.
• Changes his stance; moves closer to that of
MLK.
• Assassinated in 1965 by the Black Muslims.
• sit-ins, boycott, marches, speeches, riots
etc.
• covered by the media and broadcast
throughout the nation.
• helped make people aware of the problems.
• CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE – intentionally
breaking the law and accepting the
consequences to bring attention to a matter of
injustice.
• 1963 – March on Washington
• 1964 – Civil Rights Act
• Makes discrimination illegal
• 1965 – Voting Rights Act
• No literacy tests
• 1966 – National Organization of Women –NOWcreated
• 1973 – American Indian Movement – AIM
• 1975 – Voting Rights Act – Bilingual ballots
Fly UP