How to Protest
How to Protest Individual Communitywide Civil Disobedience: A group's refusal to obey a law because they believe the law is immoral. A tactic used in protest movements by marginalized people, including Af Am in the Civil Rights Movement. Sit-In: A form of nonviolent civil disobedience in which demonstrators occupy seats and refuse to move. Civil Rights activists used this tactic to great success. Popularized their oppression to world. Mass Action vs Legislative Action •Before Brown , the Civil Rights movement (mostly the NAACP) was focused on legal action, trying to get laws changed through courts. •As the 1960s began, the Civil Rights movement got a different focus. It was made up of mass action by communities against discrimination. Nonviolent Actions Used by the CR Movement Civil Disobedience A group's refusal to obey a law because they believe the law is immoral (as in protest against discrimination); African Americans used this kind of direct action to force a change to the laws. Sit-In A form of civil disobedience that involves one or more persons nonviolently occupying an area to promote political or social change; a primary action used in the Greensboro, Civil Rights movement. South Carolina Protest Marches in MS, 1960 What does nonviolent resistance mean? Nonviolent Resistance The practice of achieving political goals through symbolic protests, civil disobedience, and other methods, and without using violence. Primary strategy in the Civil Rights movement. Protests continue outside a segregated cafeteria, Greensboro, SC, 1960. Woolworth Sit-In, Jackson, MS, 1963 Emmett Till • In 1955, a 14 year old boy said “Bye, baby” to a white woman in Mississippi. In response, he was brutally murdered. • This event shocked the world, and showed them the true nature of Southern racism. • 50000 people viewed his body in an open casket, and magazines like Jet published photos. Trial’s Conclusion • The all-male, all-white jury acquitted both defendants in only 67 minutes. • One juror said, "If we hadn't stopped to drink pop, it wouldn't have taken us too long." • This outraged people throughout the world and energized emerging CR Movement.