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How to Protest

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How to Protest
How to Protest
Individual
Communitywide
Civil Disobedience:
A group's refusal to obey a law because they
believe the law is immoral.
A tactic used in protest movements by
marginalized people, including Af Am in the
Civil Rights Movement.
Sit-In:
A form of nonviolent civil disobedience in
which demonstrators occupy seats and refuse
to move.
Civil Rights activists used this tactic to great
success. Popularized their oppression to world.
Mass Action vs Legislative Action
•Before Brown , the Civil Rights movement
(mostly the NAACP) was focused on legal
action, trying to get laws changed through
courts.
•As the 1960s began, the Civil Rights
movement got a different focus. It was made
up of mass action by communities against
discrimination.
Nonviolent Actions Used by the CR Movement
Civil Disobedience
A group's refusal to obey a law because they believe
the law is immoral (as in protest against
discrimination); African Americans used this kind of
direct action to force a change to the laws.
Sit-In
A form of civil disobedience that involves one or more
persons nonviolently occupying an area to promote
political or social change; a primary action used in the
Greensboro,
Civil Rights
movement.
South Carolina
Protest Marches in MS, 1960
What does nonviolent resistance mean?
Nonviolent Resistance
The practice of achieving political goals
through symbolic protests, civil disobedience,
and other methods, and without using violence.
Primary strategy in the Civil Rights movement.
Protests continue outside a segregated cafeteria,
Greensboro, SC, 1960.
Woolworth Sit-In, Jackson, MS, 1963
Emmett Till
• In 1955, a 14 year old boy said “Bye,
baby” to a white woman in Mississippi. In
response, he was brutally murdered.
• This event shocked the world, and showed
them the true nature of Southern racism.
• 50000 people viewed his body in an open
casket, and magazines like Jet published
photos.
Trial’s Conclusion
• The all-male, all-white jury acquitted both
defendants in only 67 minutes.
• One juror said, "If we hadn't stopped to
drink pop, it wouldn't have taken us too
long."
• This outraged people throughout the world
and energized emerging CR Movement.
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